Open main menu

Jeffrey Glenn Miller (March 28, 1950[1] – May 4, 1970) was an American student at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio who was killed by the Ohio Army National Guard in the Kent State shootings. He had been protesting against the invasion of Cambodia and the presence of the National Guard on the Kent State campus. National Guardsmen opened fire on a group of unarmed students, killing Miller and three others, at an average distance of about 345 ft (106 m).

Jeffrey Miller
Jeffrey Glenn Miller.jpg
Born
Jeffrey Glenn Miller

(1950-03-28)March 28, 1950
DiedMay 4, 1970(1970-05-04) (aged 20)
Cause of deathGunshot wound
Resting placeFerncliff Cemetery, Hartsdale, New York, U.S.
OccupationStudent

BackgroundEdit

Miller was born in New York, the son of Elaine Holstein and Bernard Miller.[2][3] His family was Jewish.[4]

Four months before his death in May 1970, Miller had transferred to Kent State from Michigan State University. While at Michigan State, Miller pledged Phi Kappa Tau fraternity[5] where his older brother, Russell, had been a member. He and his brother had always been close, and shared a birthday. After his brother graduated from Michigan State, Miller found himself feeling increasingly out of touch with the dominant culture at Michigan State. During the summer of 1969, an old friend from New York who attended Kent State urged Miller to consider transferring. He left Michigan State with 4 like-minded friends, also MSU students, in January of 1970, traveling together to Ann Arbor. He had protested the Vietnam War with these friends at MSU. He went on to Kent State while 3 of the 5 remained in Ann Arbor. He quickly adapted to Kent State and soon had many friends, including Allison Krause and Sandra Scheuer, who both died with him on May 4.

Miller had taken part in the protests that day and had thrown a tear gas canister back at the Ohio National Guardsmen who had originally fired it. The protests, initially against the expansion of the Vietnam War into Cambodia, had escalated into a protest against the presence of the Ohio National Guard on the Kent State campus.[6] Miller was unarmed when he was shot; he had been facing the Guardsmen while standing in an access road leading into the Prentice Hall parking lot at a distance of approximately 265 feet (81 m).[7] A single bullet entered his open mouth and exited at the base of his posterior skull, killing him instantly.[8] John Filo's Pulitzer Prize-winning photo features Mary Ann Vecchio, a 14-year-old runaway, kneeling over Miller's dead body.[9]

Three other students were shot and killed at Kent State: Allison Krause, Sandra Lee Scheuer, and William Knox Schroeder; nine others were wounded, including one who was paralyzed for life. These and other shootings led to protests and a national student strike, closing hundreds of campuses. The Kent State campus remained closed for six weeks. Five days after the shootings, 100,000 people demonstrated in Washington, D.C., against the war and the military–industrial complex and protesting the killing of unarmed student protestors by American soldiers on a college campus. Eleven days after the Kent State shootings, on May 15, 1970, 2 students were shot and killed and 12 were injured at Jackson State University by the Jackson Police and Mississippi State Police.

Miller was cremated and his ashes were placed in a niche in the community mausoleum (Unit 7, Alcove H-O, Column O, Niche 1) at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. A memorial has been erected at Plainview – Old Bethpage John F. Kennedy High School, the high school that was later built (mid 1960s) in the same town as Miller's high school in Plainview, New York. Miller's mother had been a secretary to the principal of John F. Kennedy High School in the 1960s. There is a Kent State Memorial Lecture Fund at MIT established in 1970 by one of Miller’s childhood friends.[10] The university has also placed a memorial at the spot where Miller died.[11]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Resources: People: Jeffrey Glenn Miller dept.kent.edu. Retrieved on 2010-05-29.
  2. ^ "What I Lost at Kent State".
  3. ^ "Twenty Contentious Years Haven't Ended the Pain Inflicted by the Tragic Shootings at Kent State – Vol. 33 No. 17". 30 April 1990.
  4. ^ "Remembering Kent State as an American Tragedy With a Jewish Face".
  5. ^ Phi Kappa Tau National Site, "Through the Decades" Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2011-06-27.
  6. ^ "Kneeling With Death Haunted a Life". New York Times: May 6, 1990.
  7. ^ Jerry M. Lewis and Thomas R. Hensley. THE MAY 4 SHOOTINGS AT KENT STATE UNIVERSITY: THE SEARCH FOR HISTORICAL ACCURACY; Kent State University Archived 2008-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Freedom of Information/Privacy Act". Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  9. ^ CNN Photographer John Filo discusses his famous Kent State photograph. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  10. ^ Class of 1971 Kent State Memorial Lecture Fund Giving to MIT. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  11. ^ May 4th Memorial Kent State University. Retrieved January 14, 2014.

External linksEdit