Jeb Bush 2016 presidential campaign
The 2016 presidential campaign of Jeb Bush, the 43rd Governor of Florida, was formally launched on June 15, 2015, coming six months after announcing the formal exploration of a candidacy for the 2016 Republican nomination for the President of the United States on December 16, 2014, and the formation of the Right to Rise PAC. On February 20, 2016, Bush announced his intention to drop out of the presidential race following the South Carolina primary. Had Bush been elected, he would have been the first president from Florida and the first sibling of a U.S. president (George W. Bush) to win the presidency himself.
|Jeb 2016, Inc.|
|Campaign||2016 U.S. presidential election|
Governor of Florida (1999–2007)
|Status||Announced: June 15, 2015 |
Suspended: February 20, 2016
|Headquarters||P.O. Box 440641|
|Key people||Danny Diaz (campaign manager)|
David Kochel (chief strategist)
Jon Downs (media strategist)
Tim Miller (communications director)
Janan Grissom (chief operating officer)
US$103,000,000 (Right to Rise PAC)
Bush was not the first sibling of a former president to seek a party's nomination. President John F. Kennedy's brothers Robert and Ted both sought the Democratic nomination. Additionally, a pair of brothers had once-before both received nominations on a major party ticket. William Jennings Bryan was the Democratic nominee for president in 1896, 1900 and 1908. His brother, Charles W. Bryan, was the Democratic nominee for vice-president in 1924.
- 1 Background
- 2 Campaign
- 3 Fundraising
- 4 Policy positions
- 5 Endorsements
- 6 See also
- 7 References
In 1994, Bush was the Republican nominee for Governor of Florida, losing narrowly to the incumbent Lawton Chiles. Four years later, in 1998, Bush ran again, defeating Lieutenant Governor Buddy MacKay (incumbent Governor Lawton Chiles would die in early December 1998, so although defeating McKay, Bush succeeded McKay, who ascended upon Chiles' death). He was reelected in 2002 by a sizeable margin.
The second-born son of George H. W. Bush and younger brother of George W. Bush, the 41st and 43rd Presidents of the United States, respectively, Jeb Bush would have been, had he been elected, the first brother of a President, and his father, George H. W. Bush, would have been the first President to have two sons hold the same office.
There had been speculation that Bush would make a run for President since the end of the 2012 election. Speculation was fueled when he announced he would be "actively exploring" a run for President on December 16, 2014, and resigned from several corporate boards. It was further speculated that Bush had put off formally announcing a candidacy in order to raise unlimited amounts of money for his Right to Rise Super PAC, and prepare strategy; once formally a candidate, one cannot coordinate with PACs or Super PACs under campaign finance law.
Exploration of a candidacyEdit
On December 16, 2014, Bush announced the formation of The Right to Rise PAC, a Super PAC intended to serve as an exploratory committee and fundraising mechanism for a potential candidacy. While not formally a candidate, he was the first potential contender to make any major moves toward the beginning of the 2016 election cycle. Widely seen as the 'establishment' candidate, Bush was expected to court and win donors who were central to the 2012 presidential election on the Republican side. While having repeatedly said he would not run again, 2012 nominee Governor Mitt Romney told donors in early January 2015 that he was seriously considering another run. With early polling showing significant buyer's remorse among many who voted for President Obama in 2012, and showing that he would defeat Hillary Clinton, Romney likely saw it necessary to see if he could tap into his donor base again, to which Bush was the likely successor. After several weeks' consideration, Romney chose against running again, after receiving criticism from many in his own party who wanted a fresher face, and having lost many staff who joined Bush's team before Romney reconsidered. With Romney conclusively out of the race, Bush was seen as the likely front runner for the nomination.
In February 2015, Bush preemptively released his official emails from his time as Governor of Florida, which came with some controversy as personal information, which was soon redacted, was included in the release.
By extending the 'exploration mode' of his 'potential candidacy' to a six-month period (his scheduled announcement one day short of six months after his exploratory phase), Bush used his time to get acquainted with the press, court donors, and prepare strategy. In doing this, he got around several campaign finance laws which limit donations which persons may make to individual's campaigns, and which prohibit Super PACs from directly coordinating with candidates' campaigns. By May 2015, it was roughly estimated that Bush had raised in excess of $100 million for his Right to Rise PAC, which is expected to exceed his challengers in the Republican field.
One of the largest issues expected to face Governor Bush was the unpopular image of his brother, President George W. Bush, as well as many who said they did not wish to see a third Bush in the presidency. Governor Bush came out saying "I'm my own man" with regard to his policies and vision, further saying "I love my mom and dad. I love my brother, and people are just going to have to get over that." Governor Bush publicly stated that his brother was his "top foreign policy advisor", having learned from his brother's presidency about "protecting the homeland", and that his brother "kept us safe."
The Kelly File interviewEdit
Kelly: Knowing what we know now, would you have authorized the invasion?
Bush: I would have, and so would have Hillary Clinton, just to remind everybody, and so would have almost everybody that was confronted with the intelligence they got.
Kelly: You don't think it was a mistake?Bush: In retrospect, the intelligence that everybody saw, that the world saw, not just the United States, was, um, faulty, and in retrospect, once we, once we, um, invaded, and took out Saddam Hussein, we didn't focus on security first, and the Iraqis in this incredibly insecure environment turned on the United States military because there was no security for themselves and their families. By the way, guess who thinks those mistakes took place as well? George W. Bush. Just for the news flash to the world if they're trying to find places between me and my brother, this might not be one of those...
Bush's answer to the question implying whether or not his brother, the President, made a mistake, generated controversy on both Republican and Democratic sides. The following day, in a radio interview with Fox News' Sean Hannity, Bush said "clearly there were mistakes as it related to faulty intelligence in the lead-up to the war and the lack of focus on security;" throughout the remainder of the week, Bush issued various answers on the topic. At a May 13 event in Nevada, Bush further said "...if we're going to get into hypotheticals I think it does a disservice for a lot of people that sacrificed a lot." By the week's end, May 15, Bush backed off his original statements, saying definitively, "knowing what we know now I would not have engaged — I would not have gone into Iraq."
In a branding decision, the Bush campaign unveiled a logo featuring his name with an exclamation mark that conspicuously left out the Bush surname. Although the logo was merely a variation of the campaign logo used since his first race for governor in 1994, it received criticism and was the subject of internet satire due to its use of the exclamation point and "whimsical" font. On a September 2015 episode of The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, Bush defended his campaign logo, saying "I've been using 'Jeb!' since 1994 — it connotes excitement."
Announcement and preliminary campaignEdit
On June 4, the same day as Governor Rick Perry's formal campaign announcement, an anonymous Bush staffer leaked that Bush would formally announce his candidacy on June 15. Bush made a trip to Germany, Poland, and Estonia before returning to begin his campaign. On June 15, 2015, Bush formally announced his candidacy at Miami Dade College's Kendall Campus, in Miami, Florida.
Bush embarked on a tour following his June 15 announcement, with stops in Iowa, New Hampshire, South Carolina, and Nevada. The Bush campaign cancelled events in Charleston, South Carolina, in light of the June 17 mass shooting.
In early August 2015, while speaking at the Southern Baptist Forum in Nashville, Tennessee, Bush questioned the $500 million in federal funding for Planned Parenthood; a line from Bush's speech, "I’m not sure we need half a billion dollars for women’s health issues", garnered criticism and became a talking point at the August 2015 Republican Debate. Bush later said that he "misspoke", and that he meant to say that he would like the funds redirected to other women's health organizations, in line with his record as Governor of Florida; in 2003, Bush redirected $124,000 in funding from Planned Parenthood toward abstinence-only sex education programs.
"Jeb Can Fix It"Edit
In November 2015, following a lull in poll numbers, Bush kicked off a tour to re-invigorate interest in Florida, South Carolina, and New Hampshire, dubbed the "Jeb Can Fix It" tour. The tour accompanied the release of an e-book titled "Reply All", which consisted of 730 pages of self-selected e-mails that Bush sent and received during his tenure as Governor of Florida.
Tension with Donald TrumpEdit
The dynamic between Bush and opponent Donald Trump was one of the more contentious relationships among the Republican contenders. Bush's campaign spent millions of dollars on anti-Trump ads, while in response Trump mocked Jeb Bush with the epithet that he was "low energy". Trump told CNN "the last thing we need is another Bush" in the White House after the much-criticized presidencies of his father and brother. Trump criticized Bush's elder brother and his role in the Iraq War throughout the Republican debates, leading Bush to defend his brother. During an exchange between Bush and Trump in the ninth Republican primary debate, the audience repeatedly booed Trump. Trump scoffed that the audience was made up of "Jeb's special interests and lobbyists".
According to The Washington Post, the most telling aspect of the Bush–Trump duel may have been the fact that, "No candidate in the race was prepared for GOP voters' opposition to immigration, with the exception of Trump", and the anti-illegal immigration sentiment that Trump tapped into throughout the campaign, and with the Act of Love advertisement.
In February 2016, at a town hall event in Hanover, New Hampshire following the Iowa Caucus, Bush's call for the country to elect a strong commander-in-chief was met with silence from the audience; in response, Bush said to the audience "Please clap." A video clip of the incident went viral and was lauded as a symbol of his campaign's sagging popularity.
Suspension of campaignEdit
After a series of poor results in Iowa and New Hampshire, Bush spent his remaining money and campaign effort on the South Carolina primary. He placed fourth with under 8% of the vote. That night, Bush suspended his campaign, ending his presidential bid. In an analysis of what went wrong, POLITICO argues that:
His slow, awkward stumble from August through October encapsulates everything that caused the operation viewed as "Jeb!, Inc." to fail. Bush was on the wrong side of the most galvanizing issues for Republican primary voters, he himself was a rusty and maladroit campaigner and his campaign was riven by internal disagreements and a crippling fear that left them paralyzed and unable to react to Trump.
On July 9, 2015, at a campaign fund-raising conference in the Bush family compound in Kennebunkport, Maine, Bush announced that super PACs which support his candidacy, mainly Right to Rise, had received a total of $103 million during the previous six months. The campaign itself had received $11.4 million, $700,000 a day, during its first two weeks.
- "Candidate (P60008059) Summary Reports – 2016 Cycle". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- Miller, Zeke J. (July 9, 2015). "How Jeb Bush's Super PAC Will Spend $103 Million". TIME.com. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush to announce 2016 bid on June 15". Politico.com. June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Hook, Janet (February 20, 2016). "Donald Trump Wins South Carolina Republican Primary; Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio locked in a battle for second place; Jeb Bush suspends his campaign". The Wall Street Journal. New York City. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- "A Note from Jeb Bush". Facebook.com. December 16, 2014. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush sheds corporate commitments to help 2016 presidential run". Theguardian.com. January 1, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush eyes new role for his super PAC during 2016 campaign". Cbsnews.com. April 21, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- O'Connor, Patrick; Reinhard, Beth (January 10, 2015). "Romney Tells Donors He Is Considering 2016 White House Bid". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Parker, Ashley; Martin, Jonathan (January 30, 2015). "Support Waning, Romney Decides Against 2016 Bid". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "Why Romney bowed out". CNN.com. January 31, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Mendoza, Jessica (February 10, 2015). "Jeb Bush releases eight years' worth of emails: Is that legal?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Frumin, Aliyah (May 2, 2015). "Jeb Bush exploits major loophole in campaign finance rule". MSNBC. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- "Here's how George W. Bush handled the big question that's dogging Jeb". May 24, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush: I learned about 'protecting the homeland' from the way George W. Bush 'kept us safe'". RawStory.com. May 31, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush Says Brother George is His Top Foreign Policy Adviser". Complex.com. May 9, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush promises "no coordination" with super PAC if he runs". CBSnews.com. May 31, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "First in Fox News First: Jeb answers Megyn on legacy woes". FoxNews.com. May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Newell, Jim. "Jeb's bizarre "hard of hearing" defense: Did he really "mishear" Megyn Kelly's Iraq question?". Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush Reverses Himself: 'I Would Not Have Gone Into Iraq'". Time. May 14, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush set to launch 2016 presidential bid today; logo omits last name". Dallasnews.com. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush Unveiled His 2016 Logo, and the Internet Shouted Unkind Things at It". AdWeek.com. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Rappeport, Alan (June 15, 2015). "Jeb Bush Shows Loyalty to a Logo Derided by Some". New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Kane, Colleen (June 15, 2015). "What the critics say about Jeb Bush's and Hillary Clinton's campaign logos". Fortune. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
- Garcia, Arturo (September 9, 2015). "'It connotes excitement': Jeb Bush awkwardly explains campaign logo to Stephen Colbert". The Raw Story. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
- "Jeb Bush promises "no coordination" with super PAC if he runs". Cbsnews.com. May 31, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "Coming Soon: Jeb Announcement". jebannouncement.com. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush stopping in Nevada as part of 'Announcement Tour'". Fox5vegas.com. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Bush, Trump call off SC campaign events after shooting; candidates offer 'prayers' for victims' families". Foxnews.com. June 18, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Byrnes, Jesse and Stanage, Niall (February 20, 2016). "Ten moments that doomed Jeb Bush's presidential campaign". The Hill. Retrieved January 1, 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Shabad, Rebecca (August 4, 2015). "Jeb Bush says he 'misspoke' about women's health being overfunded". The Hill. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- Bassett, Laura (August 5, 2018). "Jeb Bush Redirected Planned Parenthood Money To Abstinence-Only Education As Governor". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- "A Reagan Forum with Jeb Bush — 8/11/15". YouTube. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Wang, Yanan (November 3, 2015). "'Jeb Can Fix It' backfires in the hands of Internet meme-makers and trolls". Washington Post. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- O'Keefe, Ed (November 2, 2015). "Jeb Bush hopes new e-book can help relaunch a struggling campaign". Washington Post. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- Sullivan, Sean (November 2, 2015). "Down in the polls, Jeb Bush launches a comeback attempt". Washington Post. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- Stevenson, Peter (February 12, 2016). "The remarkably personal feud between Donald Trump and Jeb Bush, in 1 video". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Allen, Cooper (February 6, 2016). "Trump: Jeb Bush 'had to bring in mommy to take a slap at me'". USA Today. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Scherer, Michael (February 2, 2016). "Jeb Bush Attacks Trump Hard in Two-Minute Ad". Time. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Haberman, Maggie (February 12, 2016). "Jeb Bush Supporters Run Brutal Ad Against Donald Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- DelReal, Jose (February 12, 2016). "With S.C. approaching, the target on Trump grows larger". Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- LoGiurato, Brett (November 19, 2015). "TRUMP: Here's the backstory on my 'low-energy' takedown of Jeb Bush". Business Insider. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Hunt, Albert (January 31, 2016). "The Rise and Fall of the Bush Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Rucker, Philip (February 12, 2016). "George W. Bush, 'taken aback' by Trump's rise, to stump with Jeb". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Walsh, Kenneth T. (July 6, 2015). "Feud Grows Between Donald Trump and Jeb Bush". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
- Lopez, German (February 13, 2016). "The Republican establishment packed the debate audience with Donald Trump haters". Vox. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- @GoogleTrends (February 13, 2016). "+1,400% spike in searches for "why are people booing?" #GOPDebate" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Sobel, Robert (February 13, 2016). "Donald Trump Shocks Gop Debate Stage, Blames Iraq War Mess On George W. Bush". blastingnews. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- d'Amora, Delphine (February 13, 2016). "Donald Trump Blames George W. Bush for 9/11". Mother Jones. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Healy, Patrick (February 13, 2016). "In Republican Debate, Jeb Bush Attacks Donald Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Ehrenfreund, Max (February 22, 2016). "Republican voters are rejecting not just Jeb Bush, but the whole Bush legacy". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Martin, Jonathan and Parker, Ashley (February 3, 2016). "Jeb Bush, an Also-Ran in Iowa, May Be Pivotal in New Hampshire". The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Benen, Steve (February 3, 2018). "Jeb Bush urges audience, 'Please clap'". MSNBC. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- "Jeb Bush drops out of GOP race in South Carolina". KTAR.com. Archived from the original on 2016-02-21. Retrieved 2016-02-21.
- Eli Stokols, "Inside Jeb Bush's $150 Million Failure His closest aides failed to predict Trump and never changed course, guiding a flawed candidate into a corner he couldn’t escape." February 20, 2016.
- Nicholas Confessore (July 10, 2015). "Jeb Bush Draws on Family Dynasty for Fund-Raising Efforts". The New York Times. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
- Nicholas Confessore (July 9, 2015). "The Total So Far for Jeb Bush and His Super PAC? $114 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
- Rucker, Philip (February 13, 2015). "Barbara Bush: 'I changed my mind' about Bush dynasty". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- Gold, Matea (March 23, 2015). "George W. and Laura Bush to appear at fundraiser for Jeb Bush". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- "George W. helping Jeb Bush's PAC raise big money in Dallas". The Dallas Morning News. March 23, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- "George and Laura Bush Endorsed ... Jeb Bush for President". Yahoo News. January 12, 2012.
- "Jeb Bush's Arizona supporters include Dan Quayle, Fife Symington". The Arizona Republic. October 28, 2015.
- "Bill Schuette endorses Jeb Bush for president". Detroit Free Press. August 19, 2015.
- "Religious Liberty Advisory Committee". October 23, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush Launches Jewish Leadership Team". Jewish Insider. September 25, 2015.
- "Jeb 2016 Texas Leadership Committee" (PNG). Twitter. Archived from the original on June 20, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- "Republican heavy hitters join Jeb Bush campaign in Virginia". Democracy in Action. December 9, 2015.
- "Barbara Bush hitting trail for Jeb in New Hampshire next week". popherald.com. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
- "Jeb Bush announces Hillsborough County team". Tampa Bay Times. December 11, 2015. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "Former US envoys to the Vatican endorse Jeb Bush". Crux. September 22, 2015.
- "Fmr. Treasury Secretary Paulson wants Jeb Bush for 2016". Yahoo! Finance. June 23, 2015.
- "Tom Ridge endorses Jeb Bush for president". The Morning Call. June 16, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush says aloha to the Hawaii state ballot". CBS News. October 23, 2015.
- "Jeb Announces Law Enforcement Coalition". JEB 2016. December 14, 2015.
- MacKay, Scott. "Former Gov. Linc Almond Supporting Jeb Bush Presidential Run". ripr.org. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
- "House lawmaker joins Bush as Illinois campaign chair". The Hill.
- "Luis Fortuño turns up the heat on Hillary Clinton on Jeb Bush's behalf". Sunshine State News. June 29, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush enters the 2016 GOP fray in Latino-flavored event in South Florida". Fox News. June 15, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- "Former Sen. Judd Gregg endorses Jeb Bush for President". New Hampshire Union Leader. October 29, 2015.
- "Former Sen. Mike Johanns endorses Jeb Bush for president". Omaha World-Herald. October 1, 2015.
- Darren Fischell (September 15, 2015). "McKernan endorses Jeb Bush at Portland business breakfast". Bangor Daily News.
- "Gov. Owens backs Jeb Bush in 2016". KUSA-TV. September 8, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush receives endorsement of former Alabama Gov. Bob Riley for GOP nomination". The Birmingham News. August 24, 2015.
- "William Weld, Jane Swift give backing to Jeb Bush". Boston Globe. September 29, 2015.
- "Tommy Thompson Endorses Jeb Bush". Bloomberg. October 2, 2015.
- "Sonny Perdue endorses Jeb Bush in GOP presidential contest". AJC.com. February 4, 2016.
- "First on CNN: Thad Cochran backs Jeb Bush". CNN. December 8, 2015.
- "Collins Endorses Jeb Bush in GOP Race for President". Maine Public Broadcasting. July 1, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- Goldin, Heather (November 11, 2015). "Bob Dole endorses Jeb Bush". CNN.
- Mattingly, Phil (July 22, 2015). "Where candidates stash their cash". Houston Chronicle.
- "Nevada Sen. Heller endorses Jeb Bush for president". RGJ. August 12, 2015.
- "Jamie Dupree: Jeb Bush comes out swinging". WSB Radio. June 16, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush calls Confederate symbols 'racist', heads to Atlanta". June 30, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush Tennessee delegate slate headlined by Frist". The Tennessean. October 15, 2015.
- "Washington Watch: Former Texas Senator Hutchison endorses Jeb Bush". McClatchy DC.
- Octavio Jones (May 14, 2015). "Former Sen. Mel Martinez is backing Jeb Bush". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- Jamie Dupree (June 16, 2015). "Jeb Bush comes out swinging". WSB Radio. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- "Prominent Broward Republicans jump on Jeb Bush campaign". Sun-Sentinel. October 9, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush Picks Up Endorsement from Former Sen. Alan Simpson". NBC News. October 27, 2015.
- "Lindsey Graham endorses Jeb Bush". CNN. January 15, 2016.
- McCaskill, Nolan (January 25, 2016). "Bush gets endorsement of former Minnesota Sen. Coleman". Politico. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
- Green, Michael. "Lindsey Graham 2016 campaign staff: The power players". Politico. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Wire, Sarah D. (November 30, 2015). "Presidential race plays out in Congress: Which candidates do California's members support?". Los Angeles Times.
- "Rep. Mike Rogers: 'I'm proud to endorse Jeb Bush". The Birmingham News. September 17, 2015.
- "Bush Endorsed by 75 Veterans Ahead of His VA Overhaul Plan: Fox". Bloomberg. August 25, 2015.
- "Rep. David Valadao endorses Jeb Bush for president". The Fresno Bee. October 7, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush announces Iowa endorsements". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- "Rep. Reed endorses Jeb Bush". The Buffalo News. July 28, 2015.
- "Patrick McHenry will chair Jeb Bush's NC campaign". The Charlotte Observer. August 27, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush names S.C. leadership team". The State. June 17, 2015.
- Alex Isenstadt (May 18, 2015). "2016 hopefuls look for love in a very wrong place".
- "Joe Scarborough: No, Donald Trump's Not My Candidate". Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- "Jeb Bush". The Miami Herald.
- "Race is on for 2016 endorsements". The Hill. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush announces Miami-Dade leadership team, satellite campaign office". The Miami Herald. September 3, 2015.
- "GOP Florida House speakers past and present back Jeb Bush". The Miami Herald. September 10, 2015.
- "GOP Rep. Mike Bishop backs Bush for president". The Hill. November 23, 2015.
- "Connecticut's first black congressman endorses Jeb Bush". Connecticut Post. November 6, 2015.
- "House leader endorses Bush for president". The Hill. November 13, 2015.
- "Eric Cantor to endorse Jeb Bush". Politico. August 27, 2015.
- "Hal Daub, Beau McCoy endorse Jeb Bush for president". Omaha World-Herald. January 7, 2016.
- "Jeb Announces Additional Iowa Statewide Leaders and County Chairs". Jeb 2016.
- "George W. Bush Presidential Center Media Kit" (PDF). 2013. p. 8.
- "Jeb Bush gains support of Richard Graber, longtime Wisconsin GOP leader". 2015.
- "Bush Unveils Texas Leadership Committee". The Texas Tribune. November 9, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush names top Indiana backers". The Indianapolis Star. December 5, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush touts Iowa support". The Hill.
- "Bush to attend Jackson fundraiser, lists MS supporters". The Clarion-Ledger. December 4, 2015.
- "Alabama Lt. Gov. Kay Ivey endorses Jeb Bush for President". Yellowhammer News. October 4, 2015.
- Galloway, Jim (August 5, 2015). "Ahead of RedState meeting, Jeb Bush picks up endorsements from Casey Cagle, Sam Olens". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush names additional Georgia campaign supporters". GaPundit. August 20, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush Announces Support from More Than 200 Additional Michigan Grassroots and State Leaders". JEB 2016. September 17, 2015.
- "Dean Heller on Twitter: "Proud to announce that @AmodeiForNevada & @BrianKrolicki will serve as Senior Advisors for @JebBush. #NV #AllInForJeb". Twitter. August 13, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
- "Bush Looks to Curtail Federal Power". The Weekly Standard. September 29, 2015.
- "Bush, Rubio, Cruz, Christie campaigns snag former Walker supporters". Politico. September 22, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush presidential bid picks up 3 endorsement from Alabama lawmakers". The Birmingham News. October 22, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush continues to lock down Florida support with Escambia County team". Tampa Bay Times. September 22, 2015.
- "Bush announces endorsements from 20 Florida senators". Politico. September 30, 2015.
- "Jeb Announces Support Among Florida House Leaders Has Grown to 42". www.p2016.org. January 13, 2016.
- "Additional Illinois Support for Jeb 2016". JEB 2016. October 12, 2015.
- "Jeb 2016 Campaign Announces Iowa County Leader". August 13, 2015.
- "Jeb Picks up Endorsements of Three Conservative Leaders in Iowa". Jeb 2016.
- Fodor, Cynthia (September 30, 2015). "Jeb Bush campaign announces its Polk County leadership team". KCCI.
- "Jeb Bush announces Louisiana campaign team". The Advocate. November 24, 2015.
- "Paul Anderson on Twitter: "Proud to be part of the 2016 .@JebBush team. Led Florida to success and will now refocus America on success #AllInForJeb". Twitter. August 17, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush on Twitter: "Proud to announce NV Speaker @Hambrick4assemb's endorsement today. Join him and commit to caucus". Twitter. August 18, 2015. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Bush gains three Nevada Assembly endorsements". Reno Gazette-Journal. August 20, 2015.
- "Prescott leads first group of committed NH Bush-backers". WMUR-TV. June 16, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush lands Senate President Chuck Morse in major endorsement". WMUR-TV. October 14, 2015.
- "New Granite State Bush supporters include former executive councilor, state senator". WMUR-TV. August 12, 2015.
- "With Walker out, Nashua lawmaker, vets leader now backing Bush". WMUR-TV. September 22, 2015.
- "Updated @JebBush NH delegate list; complete with all titles #fitn #nhpolitics #WMUR". Twitter. December 11, 2015.
- Michael Symons (April 21, 2015). "Kyrillos, shunning Christie, backs Jeb Bush". Asbury Park Press subsidiary of GannettNJ.com.
- "Bannister endorses Bush". The Greenville News. January 5, 2015.
- "SC elected officials name picks for president". myrtlebeachonline.com. January 9, 2016.
- "State Senator Paul Thurmond endorses Jeb Bush for President". WCBD-TV. October 22, 2015.
- "Jeb Announces South Carolina Grand Strand Leadership Team". JEB 2016. November 6, 2015.
- "Texas House Speaker Straus Backs Bush For President". News Radio 1200 WOAI.
- "More Virginia pols line up behind Jeb Bush after Walker's exit". The Washington Post. September 29, 2015.
- "Jacobs endorses Jeb for President". Orlando-politics.com. July 27, 2015.
- "Former Boston police chief Ed Davis backs Jeb Bush". Boston Globe. December 14, 2015.
- "Jeb Bush unveils RI campaign leadership team". WPRI.com. February 19, 2016.
- "Hillary Clinton er stortingspolitikernes presidentfavoritt i USA". Aftenposten. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- "Here's where all the presidential candidates get their campaign money". Yahoo News. July 21, 2015.
- Chambers, Francesca (March 24, 2015). "Jeb Bush looks to utilize star power of elder brother George at fundraiser for presidential campaign". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- Richardson, Bradford (February 13, 2016). "Texas newspapers endorse Bush over Cruz". The Hill. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- Mason, Melanie; Moore, Maloy; Pesce, Anthony; Lauder, Thomas Suh (October 22, 2015). "List: The Hollywood heavyweights funding the 2016 presidential fight". The Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on November 10, 2015.
- "OnPolitics: Hollywood A-listers flock to Clinton's campaign". USA Today.
- "Former NFL player Lynn Swann endorses Jeb Bush for president". CBS News. October 1, 2015.
- Smith, Candace (August 15, 2015). "Football Star Endorses Bush". ABC News. Retrieved November 4, 2015.