Jean-Louis Debré (born 30 September 1944) is a French politician who served as President of the National Assembly from 2002 to 2007 and President of the Constitutional Council from 2007 to 2016. The son of former Prime Minister Michel Debré, he was Minister of the Interior from 1995 until 1997 during the presidency of Jacques Chirac. Since 2016 he has been President of the Superior Council of Archives.
Debré in 2012
|President of the Constitutional Council|
5 March 2007 – 5 March 2016
|Preceded by||Pierre Mazeaud|
|Succeeded by||Laurent Fabius|
|President of the National Assembly|
25 June 2002 – 2 March 2007
|Preceded by||Raymond Forni|
|Succeeded by||Patrick Ollier|
|Minister of the Interior|
18 May 1995 – 4 June 1997
|Prime Minister||Alain Juppé|
|Preceded by||Charles Pasqua|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Pierre Chevènement|
|Member of the French National Assembly|
for Eure's 1st constituency
1 June 1997 – 5 March 2007
|Preceded by||Françoise Charpentier|
|Succeeded by||Françoise Charpentier|
2 April 1986 – 18 June 1995
|Succeeded by||Françoise Charpentier|
|Mayor of Évreux|
18 March 2001 – 12 March 2007
|Preceded by||Roland Plaisance|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Pierre Nicolas|
|Born||30 September 1944|
|Political party||RPR, UMP, LR|
|Spouse(s)||Anne-Marie Debré (d. 2007)|
|Alma mater||École nationale de la magistrature|
Debré was born in Toulouse. The son of former Prime Minister Michel Debré, grandson of medicine professor Robert Debré, and brother of politician Bernard Debré, he was member of the Neo-Gaullist party Rally for the Republic (RPR) then of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP).
Jean-Louis Debré, outside politics, is a career judge.
Debré was first elected to the National Assembly in the 1986 parliamentary election; he was re-elected in 1988, 1993, 1997, and 2002 as a deputy from Eure's 1st constituency. He was Minister of the Interior in Alain Juppé's governments (1995–1997), and has been criticized for having allowed the armed Corsican clandestine press conference, and was responsible for the controversial evacuation of Saint-Bernard church in Paris, which was occupied by illegal immigrants (so called sans-papiers) on hunger strikes.
He was elected as Mayor of Évreux in 2001, serving in that post until 2007.
He was leader of the RPR group in the National Assembly from 1997 to 2002 and then President of the National Assembly from 2002 to 2007. Faithful to President Chirac, he frequently criticized UMP leader Nicolas Sarkozy. He resigned as President of the National Assembly three months before the end of his tenure after he was appointed as President of the Constitutional Council by Chirac on 22 February 2007. He replaced Pierre Mazeaud in the latter position, and was replaced by Laurent Fabius in 2016.
President of the Constitutional Council of France : 2007-2016.
Minister of Interior : 1995–1997.
National Assembly of France
President of the Rally for the Republic Group in the National Assembly : 1997–2002. Elected in 1997.
Member of the National Assembly of France for Eure's 1st constituency : 1986–1995 (Became minister in 1995) / 1997–2007 (Resignation became President of the Constitutional Council of France in 2007). Elected in 1986, reelected in 1988, 1993, 1997, 2002.
Vice-president of the General Council of Eure : 1998–2001 (Resignation).
General councillor of Eure : 1992–2001 (Resignation). Reelected in 1998.
Mayor of Evreux : 2001–2007 (Resignation).
Municipal councillor of Evreux : 1989–1995 / 2001–2007 (Resignation).
Deputy-mayor of Paris : 1995–1997 (Resignation).
Councillor of Paris : 1995–1997 (Resignation).
Agglomeration community Council
President of the Agglomeration community of Évreux : 2001–2007. (Resignation).
Member of the Agglomeration community of Évreux : 2001–2007. (Resignation).
Spokesman of the Rally for the Republic : 1993–1995.
- Le Pouvoir Politique (co-author, 1976)
- Le Gaullisme (co-author, 1977)
- La Justice au XIXe Siècle, les Magistrats (1980)
- Les Républiques des Avocats (1984)
- Le Curieux (1986)
- En mon for intérieur (1997)
- Pièges (1998)
- Le Gaullisme n'est pas une Nostalgie (1999)
- Quand les Brochets font Courir les Carpes (2008)
- Les oubliés de la République (2008)
- CV on the National Assembly website (in French).
- Decree of the President of the Republic putting Jean-Louis Debré on leave from his judgeship in order to be member of the National Assembly.
- L'Express.fr Archived 25 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine, 23 February 2007; Decision of the President of the Republic of 23 February 2007 appointing Jean-Louis Debré as president of the Constitutional council.
| Minister of the Interior
| President of the National Assembly
| President of the Constitutional Council