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Jean-François Lisée (born February 13, 1958 in Thetford Mines) is a Quebec nationalist politician who served as the leader of the Parti Québécois from October 2016 until October 2018. He was first elected a member of the National Assembly of Quebec in the 2012 Quebec election in the electoral district of Rosemont.

Jean-François Lisée
Jean-Francois Lisee 2013.jpg
Leader of the Official Opposition in Quebec
In office
October 7, 2016 – October 1, 2018
Preceded bySylvain Gaudreault
Succeeded byPierre Arcand
Leader of the Parti Québécois
In office
October 7, 2016 – October 1, 2018
Preceded bySylvain Gaudreault (interim)
Succeeded byPascal Bérubé (interim)
Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Rosemont
In office
September 4, 2012 – October 1, 2018
Preceded byLouise Beaudoin
Succeeded byVincent Marissal
Personal details
Born (1958-02-13) February 13, 1958 (age 61)
Thetford Mines, Quebec
Political partyParti Québécois
PortfolioMinister of International Relations, the Francophonie, External Trade (2012-2014)

Prior to winning political office, he was a political analyst, journalist, author, intellectual and sovereignist thinker. He was a "special advisor" to former PQ premiers of Quebec Jacques Parizeau and Lucien Bouchard. Prior to his election, he was the Executive Director of the International Study and Research Centre at the University of Montreal. His work centred on Quebec sovereignty, the sociological phenomena affecting the latter's support, as well as the "Quebec Model" and social democracy in an era of globalization.

He served concurrently as the Minister of International Relations, the Francophonie, External Trade as well as the minister responsible for the Montreal region in the cabinet of Pauline Marois from 2012 to 2014.[1]

Lisée formally entered Parti Québécois leadership election in May 2016, saying he would not campaign for sovereignty in his first mandate as premier.[2] He was elected leader of the PQ on 7 October, winning 50.63% of the ballots during the second round.

He resigned as Parti Québécois leader after his party's fourth-place result in the 2018 election, in which he lost his own seat in Rosemont to Vincent Marissal.[3]

BiographyEdit

Lisée is the son of Andrée Goulet of Thetford Mines.[4]

Lisée holds a licentiate in laws from the Université de Montréal, a master in communication studies from the UQAM and a degree in journalism from the Centre de formation des journalistes in Paris. In the 1980s, he was a reporter in Paris and Washington for both Canadian and French media. During that decade, he began an expansive investigation into 30 years of American political, diplomatic, financial and media attention toward Quebec and its independence movement, resulting in the book In the Eye of the Eagle, published in 1990. It won the Governor General's Award for non-fiction. Two books followed: Le Tricheur ("The Cheater") and Le Naufrageur ("The Wrecker"), both of which were highly critical of former Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa. According to Lisée, Bourassa's refusal to support sovereignty after making a turn toward Quebec nationalism after the failure of the Meech Lake Accord left many sovereignists feeling betrayed. Bourassa was outraged by the title of the first book and never spoke to Lisée again.

In 1994, he became a "special advisor" to nationalist Premier Jacques Parizeau and an important strategist for the 1995 Quebec referendum campaign. After the sovereignty referendum failure and Parizeau's resulting resignation, Lisée then became advisor to Parizeau's successor, Lucien Bouchard. Lisée resigned from this post in late 1999 because of disagreements over the sovereignty strategy of the provincial PQ government. He explained his own strategy in 'Emergency Exit: How to Avert Quebec Decline (2000).

Lisée was guest scholar from 2001 to 2003 at the International Research and Study Centre (CERI) in Paris and at the Political Science Department of the University of Montreal. He was the Executive Director of the International Studies Centre at the University of Montreal (CERIUM) from 2004 to 2012. He is also a member of the Political Research and Social Development Centre (CPDS) and founder of international politics website PolitiquesSociales.net. He periodically writes articles published in the current affairs magazine L'actualité.

ControversyEdit

In 2016, while running for leadership of the PQ, Lisée stated that, if elected Premier of Quebec, he would ban Muslim veils in public spaces claiming that Muslim women could hide machine guns underneath their burkas.[5]

In September 26, 2016, Lisée stated that Quebec needed the "best immigration possible", and named Spain, France and Belgium as examples. Many thought, that because those were well developed countries, Lisée felt they could integrate into Quebec's society easier. Fellow PQ member Maka Kotto, an immigrant from Cameroon, criticized Lisée's comments.[6][7]

In 2018, Lisée said he wants a fence built near a Quebec-New York border crossing that is popular with asylum seekers.[8]

BibliographyEdit

  • Des histoires du Québec selon Jean-François Lisée. 2012. Montréal : Les Éditions Rogers
  • Le petit tricheur: Robert Bourassa derrière le masque. 2012. Montréal : Les Éditions Québec-Amérique. ISBN 9782764421703
  • Comment mettre la droite K.-O. en 15 arguments. 2012. Montréa, Les Éditions Stanké. ISBN 9782760410985
  • Troisième millénaire. 2011. Montréal : Les Éditions Stanké. ISBN 9782760410855
  • Imaginer l'Après-crise: Pistes pour un monde plus juste, équitable, durable. 2009. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782764607015
  • Pour une gauche efficace. 2008. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782764606407
  • Nous. 2007. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782764605677
  • Sortie de Secours : Comment échapper au déclin du Québec. 2000. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782764600160
  • Le Naufrageur. 1994. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782890526280
  • Le Tricheur. 1994. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782890526211
  • Les Prétendants. 1993. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782890525832
  • Carrefours Amérique. 1990. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782890523647
  • Dans l'œil de l'Aigle. 1990. Montréal : Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 9782890523289

AwardsEdit

Electoral recordEdit

2014 Quebec general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Parti Québécois Jean-François Lisée 12,712 34.27 -9.40
Liberal Thiery Valade 11,114 29.96 +9.57
Québec solidaire Jean Trudelle 6,930 18.68 +4.20
Coalition Avenir Québec Carl Dubois 5,252 14.16 -3.17
Green Ksenia Svetoushkina 488 1.32
Option nationale Sophie-Geneviève Labelle 321 0.87 -1.94
Bloc Pot Matthew Babin 200 0.54 -0.03
Marxist–Leninist Stéphane Chénier 78 0.21 -0.12
Total valid votes 37,095 98.51
Total rejected ballots 560 1.49
Turnout 37,655 72.67 -3.43
Electors on the lists 51,819
Parti Québécois hold Swing -9.40
Source: Official Results, Le Directeur général des élections du Québec.
2012 Quebec general election: Rosemont
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Parti Québécois Jean-François Lisée 16,780 43.67 −6.99
Liberal Madwa-Nika Phanord-Cadet 7,836 20.39 −11.42
Coalition Avenir Québec Léo Fradette 6,657 17.33 +11.03
Québec solidaire François Saillant 5,564 14.48 +6.26
Option nationale Johanne Lavoie 1,079 2.81
Bloc Pot Raynald St-Onge 220 0.57
Coalition pour la constituante Daniel Guersan 160 0.42
Marxist–Leninist Stéphane Chénier 127 0.33 +0.04
Total valid votes 38,423 98.85
Total rejected ballots 446 1.15
Turnout 38,869 76.10 +17.43
Electors 51,073
Parti Québécois hold Swing −9.21
Source: Official Results, Le Directeur général des élections du Québec. The CAQ percentage change totals are compared to the Action démocratique du Québec results from 2008.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit