Jean, Count of Paris

Jean, Count of Paris (Jean Carl Pierre Marie d'Orléans; born 19 May 1965) is the current head of the House of Orléans. The senior male descendant by primogeniture in the male-line of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, he is, according to the Orléanists, the legitimate claimant to the throne of France as Jean IV.[2][3] Of France's three monarchist movements, Orléanism, Legitimism and Bonapartism, most royalists are Orléanists.[4] Prince Jean is the second son of Prince Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019), the late head of the House of Orléans and his former wife Duchess Marie-Thérèse of Württemberg.

Prince Jean
Count of Paris, Duke of Vendôme (more)
Jean d'Orléans.jpg
Orléanist pretender to the French throne
Tenure21 January 2019 – present
PredecessorPrince Henri, Count of Paris
Heir apparentPrince Gaston d’Orléans
Born (1965-05-19) 19 May 1965 (age 55)
Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Spouse
IssuePrince Gaston, Count of Clermont
Princess Antoinette, Madame Royale
Princess Louise-Marguerite
Prince Joseph
Princess Jacinthe
Full name
Jean Carl Pierre Marie[1]
HouseOrléans
FatherPrince Henri, Count of Paris
MotherDuchess Marie Therese of Württemberg
ReligionRoman Catholic
French royal family
Orléanist
Coat of Arms of the July Monarchy (1830-31).svg

First engagementEdit

Prince Jean was due to marry Duchess Tatjana of Oldenburg (b. 1974) in 2001. Duchess Tatjana is the youngest daughter of Duke Johann of Oldenburg and Countess Ilka of Ortenburg. Her elder sister Eilika married Archduke Georg of Austria in 1997. However, the wedding was cancelled at the last minute because of a dispute over religious denomination. Jean's father Henri feared the Orléans claim to the throne would be compromised if there were to be a Protestant heir.[5]

MarriageEdit

On 29 November 2008, the Count of Paris announced the engagement of the Duke of Vendôme to Maria Magdalena Philomena Juliana Johanna de Tornos y Steinhart, born in Vienna on 19 June 1977.[6] The civil wedding, conducted by Mayor Rachida Dati, took place on 19 March 2009 in Paris. The religious wedding was held on 2 May 2009 at the Cathédrale Notre-Dame at Senlis,[7] with a reception at the Château de Chantilly.[8] The bride wore a gown by Christian Lacroix and a jacket embroidered by Maison Lesage.[9]

Philomena is the daughter of Don Alfonso de Tornos y Zubiría (b. Getxo, 13 October 1937), of Basque ancestry, and wife (married Vienna, 18 September 1976) Maria Antonia Anna Zdenka Edle von Steinhart (b. 1944), of Austro-Hungarian ancestry.[10][11] She has a sister named María Magdalena (born 1980) and a brother named David (born 1982). Her paternal grandparents were Juan de Tornos y Espelíus (b. 2 April 1905), secretary of Don Juan, Count of Barcelona, and wife (m. 1930 or 1931) María del Carmen Zubiría y Calbetón (b. 29 June 1906), daughter of the 2nd Marquis de Yanduri.[12] Her maternal grandparents were Ferdinand Edler von Steinhart (1910–1998) and his wife (married September 1939) Gabriele Felicitas Murad von Werner (1913–1994), paternal granddaughter of Murad Effendi.[13]

Prince Jean and Philomena are distantly related, both being descendants of Count Jaroslav Borzita von Martinitz (1582-1649) who served as Imperial Governor of Bohemia (having survived the Prague Defenestration of 1618) and his first wife Maria Eusebie von Sternberg (1584-1634).

IssueEdit

The couple have five children:

Titles, styles and honoursEdit

TitlesEdit

  • 19 May 1965 – 27 September 1987: His Royal Highness Prince Jean d'Orléans, fils de France[15]
  • 27 September 1987 – 21 January 2019: His Royal Highness Prince Jean d'Orléans, fils de France, Duke of Vendôme[15]
  • 21 January 2019 – present: His Royal Highness The Count of Paris

He was created Duke of Vendôme (French: Duc de Vendôme) by his paternal grandfather, on 27 September 1987.[15]

Following the death of his father, it was initially thought that Prince Jean would not assume the title of Count of Paris for several months after his father's death, and possibly not for as much as one year.[16] However, on 2 February 2019, he used the title to sign a press release.[17][18]

To French Orléanists, the Count is Jean IV, King of France. Per French tradition, the pretender is commonly addressed as Monseigneur rather than Royal Highness.[19]

HonoursEdit

NationalEdit

ForeignEdit

AncestryEdit

Jean is a direct male-line descendant of Louis Philippe I, the last French king, who in turn was a descendant of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, the younger brother of Louis XIV of France. Jean is also descended from Charles X of France, brother of Louis XVI; and the Bourbons of Spain, the Two Sicilies and Parma.

Patrilineal descentEdit

Jean is a member of the House of Orléans, a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, itself a branch of the Capetian dynasty. His patrilineal ancestors, or direct male-line ancestors, include many of the kings of France.

Patrilineal descent
  1. Robert II of Worms and Rheingau, 770–807
  2. Robert III of Worms and Rheingau, 800–834
  3. Robert IV the Strong, 820–866
  4. Robert I of France, 866–923
  5. Hugh the Great, 895–956
  6. Hugh Capet, 941–996
  7. Robert II of France, 972–1031
  8. Henry I of France, 1008–1060
  9. Philip I of France, 1053–1108
  10. Louis VI of France, 1081–1137
  11. Louis VII of France, 1120–1180
  12. Philip II of France, 1165–1223
  13. Louis VIII of France, 1187–1226
  14. Louis IX of France, 1214–1270
  15. Robert, Count of Clermont, 1256–1317
  16. Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, c. 1280–1342
  17. James I, Count of La Marche, 1315–1362
  18. John I, Count of La Marche, 1344–1393
  19. Louis, Count of Vendôme, c. 1376–1446
  20. Jean VIII, Count of Vendôme, 1428–1478
  21. François, Count of Vendôme, 1470–1495
  22. Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, 1489–1537
  23. Antoine of Navarre, 1518–1562
  24. Henry IV of France, 1553–1610
  25. Louis XIII of France, 1601–1643
  26. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, 1640–1701
  27. Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, 1674–1723
  28. Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans, 1703–1752
  29. Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, 1725–1785
  30. Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, 1747–1793
  31. Louis Philippe I, King of the French, 1773–1850
  32. Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans, 1810–1842
  33. Robert, Duke of Chartres, 1840–1910
  34. Jean, Duke of Guise, 1874–1940
  35. Henri, Count of Paris, 1908–1999
  36. Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France 1933–2019
  37. Jean, Count of Paris, 1965–

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Portrait du prince Jean". www.gensdefrance.com (in French).
  2. ^ Bloks, Moniek (1 January 2019). "Prince François of Orléans, eldest son of Henri, Count of Paris, pretender to the defunct French throne, has died". Royal Central. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Henri d'Orléans, pretender to French throne, dies". RFI. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  4. ^ O'Reilly, Edward (24 January 2019). "Did You Know? The Tale of the three Frenchmen who still lay claim to the throne". The Local. Stockholm. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  5. ^ "BBC News - EUROPE - Royal wedding plans suffer a hitch". News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 23 May 2017. https://archive.today/20120712033311/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1384875.stm
  6. ^ "Royal Sportal". Royalsportal.de. Archived from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Le mariage de Jean d'Orléans et Philomena en images" [The wedding of Jean d'Orléans and Philomena in pictures]. Paris Match (in French). 4 May 2009. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Jean d'Orlean and Philomena de Tornos to have secind". Hellomagazine.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  9. ^ WWD Staff (4 May 2009). "Fashion Scoops: The Next Halston?… Something Lacroix…. – WWD". Wwd.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Ancestors of Philomena de Tornos y Steinhart". 9 April 2009. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  11. ^ "Descendants of Franz Edler von Steinhart and Maria Martin". 5 April 2009. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
  12. ^ "Jean d'Orléans engaged to Philomena de Tornos". 2 December 2008. Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  13. ^ "Philomena de Tornos y Steinhart, * 1977 - Geneall.net". Geneall.net. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  14. ^ "Une nouvelle princesse est née à Dreux" [A new princess was born in Dreux]. L'Écho Républicain (in French). 12 October 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d de Montjouvent, Philippe (1998). Le Comte de Paris et sa Descendance (in French). Charenton, France: Editions du Chaney. pp. 13–14, 214, 217, 391–392, 396–398, 473–474. ISBN 2-913211-00-3..
  16. ^ "Disparition - Le Comte de Paris s'éteint et laisse la maison de France au prince Jean". www.lechorepublicain.fr (in French). 21 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Le prince Jean d'Orléans est officiellement le nouveau comte de Paris". Paris Match (in French). 4 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Les obsèques du comte de Paris". Noblesse & Royautés (in French). 2 February 2019.
  19. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20190711165734/https://www.la-couronne.org/la-famille-royale-de-france/
  20. ^ "Détails de l'object - Sipa Press: A Window on the World. Agence Presse". Sipa.com. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  21. ^ James, John, ed. (1 January 2019). Almanach de Gotha. ISBN 9780993372582.
  22. ^ a b "Le comte et la comtesse de Paris reçus dans l'ordre de Constantinien". la-couronne.org. 19 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  23. ^ "Heir to the French Throne and former French Minister invested into the Order - Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St. George". Constantuinian.org.uk. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2017.

External linksEdit

Jean, Count of Paris
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 19 May 1965
French royalty
Preceded by
Henri, Count of Paris
Count of Paris
21 January 2019 – present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Prince Gaston d'Orléans
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Henri VII
— TITULAR —
King of the French
21 January 2019 – present
Reason for succession failure:
French Revolution of 1848 leads to Abolition of monarchy
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Prince Gaston d'Orléans, Prince Royal
Preceded by
Prince François, Count of Clermont
— TITULAR —
Prince Royal of France
2016 or 30 December 2017 - 21 January 2019
Succeeded by
Prince Gaston d'Orléans