Jazz Journal is a British jazz magazine established in 1946 by Sinclair Traill (1904–1981). It firsty published in London under the title Pick Up, which Traill founded as a locus for serious jazz criticism in Britain. In May 1948, Traill, using his own money, relaunched it as Jazz Journal. Traill, for the rest of his life, served as its editor-in-chief. Jazz Journal is Britain's longest published jazz magazine.
|Editors-in-Chief||Sinclair Traill (1946–81)|
Eddie Cook (1970–2009)
Mark Gilbert (2009– )
|First issue||Pick Up (1946)|
Jazz Journal (1948)
Jazz Journal and
Jazz & Blues (1974)Jazz Journal
International (1977)Jazz Journal (2009-present)
JJ Publishing Ltd
Invicta Press Ltd
|Based in||London (1946–2009)|
Ashford, UK (2009– )
In April 1977, Billboard Limited – then the publisher of Music Week and The Artist – acquired publishing rights to Jazz Journal (via lease agreement) from the magazine's owner, Novello & Company, Ltd. Cardfront Publishers Limited, a division of Billboard Limited, became the publisher; Mike Hennessey became director; Traill continued as editor-in-chief; and the publication was renamed Jazz Journal International (JJI).
JJI was presumed to have ceased publication in January 2009, after the death on 23 January 2009 of the publisher's wife and associate editor, Janet Cook. Eddie Cook, who had been publisher and editor-in-chief of JJI since 1978, wrote to JJI readers that, following the death of his wife, publication of the magazine would cease, and that the magazine was seeking a new owner. In April 2009, JJI's holding company, which at the time was Jazz Journal Publishing, absorbed a rival magazine, Jazz Review. Jazz Review, originally a monthly, had been published every two months and was owned by Direct Music Limited of Edinburgh, Scotland, who wished to end their publishing interests. Jazz Journal was absorbed into JJI and first published as such in May 2009 under Mark Gilbert (born 1955) – the last editor of Jazz Review, stepping in as editor of the new Jazz Journal. Gilbert had earlier served as deputy editor of JJI.
The December 2018 issue was the last print edition of Jazz Journal before the magazine moved entirely online from 19 January 2019, at https://jazzjournal.co.uk. A publisher statement explaining the move said:
"The new Jazz Journal website continues the tradition of the print edition and will develop over time an archive holding material from the last seven decades of publication. Initially, at least, it will be a free to view service.
"As well as enabling JJ to communicate to a wider readership, the online format, in comparison to the print edition, allows for faster publication of news and reviews, links to relevant sources, social media interaction and ready site search for favourite players, recordings, compositions, articles, etcetera. It is expected that the archive, combined with new material and functionality across desktop, tablet and mobile, will create an unparalleled resource for jazz fans, students and researchers.
"With the same team of writers, Jazz Journal expects to maintain a lot of the old character in the new format".
|1946–1948||Sinclair Traill launched Pick Up magazine in January 1946 as a locus for serious jazz criticism in Britain and published it until 1948. Traill and T. B. Denby were the editors. According to Peter Clayton and Peter Gammond in their book Jazz: A–Z, "the publication was full of the self-righteous bickerings and puritanism of the period, but contained some valuable research and discography material; also an extensive 'wanted' and 'disposals' record section."|
|1948–1970||Traill, using his own money, founded Jazz Journal and, for the rest of his life, served as its editor in chief. Jazz historian Roberta Schwartz states that Jazz Journal was not a new publication, but rather a name change for Pick Up. First issue of Jazz Journal was Vol. 1, No. 1, May 1948)|
|1953||Traill incorporated on November 25, 1953, as Jazz Journal Limited in Enfield, England|
|1960||Decca Records invested in Jazz Journal Limited in 1960 and sold its shares to Novello and Company Limited in 1970.|
|1970–??||Novello and Company Limited|
|1974||Novello changed the name to Jazz Journal and Jazz & Blues for 10 issues – from January 1974 (Vol. 27, No. 1) to October 1974 (Vol. 27, No. 10); Novello leased Jazz Journal 3 times:|
|1982–2009||Eddie Cook (born 1928) purchased Jazz Journal Limited in instalments that began in 1982; Cook moved Jazz Journal to a new location, above The Canteen Jazz Club, a venue that operated from May 1979 to 1984, located in Covent Garden. Joe Bryan, owner of The Canteen, was made a director of Jazz Journal in exchange for offering free office space. Bryan sold his lease in 1984 to a group that converted the venue into a discothèque.|
|2009||JJI was acquired by a partnership between (i) JJ Publishing Limited (incorporated 23 March 2009), owned by JJI's new chief editor, Mark Gilbert, and (ii) Invicta Press Limited (incorporated 29 April 1960), a firm of Ashford printers. JJ Publishing acquired Jazz Journal Limited and absorbed a rival magazine, Jazz Review, in April 2009. Jazz Review was absorbed by the new JJI, which was first published May 2009 (Vol. 62, No. 3). Mark Gilbert, the new chief editor, had been the final chief editor of Jazz Review and had been the deputy editor of JJI. He had worked alongside Eddie Cook for 19 years.|
|2019||Following publication of the final print edition in December 2018, Jazz Journal moved entirely online to https://jazzjournal.co.uk on 19 January 2019.|
Jazz Journal archivesEdit
- Roberta Freund Schwartz How Britain Got the Blues: The Transmission and Reception of American Blues, Ashgate Publishing, (1988), p.25, ISBN 9780754655800
- Play That Music: A Guide to Playing Jazz, edited by Sinclair Traill (1956)
- Concerning Jazz, edited by Sinclair Traill (1957) OCLC 851241
- Just Jazz, edited by Sinclair Traill & Gerald Lascelles (1957) OCLC 2754341
- International Music Journals, edited by Linda M. Fidler & Richard S. James, Greenwood Press (1990) OCLC 19888058 ISBN 0313250049 ISBN 9780313250040
- "U.K. Billboard Ltd. Leases Jazz Journal, Traill Remains Editor", Billboard, 29 January 1977, p. 10
- Jazz Journal International, Vol. 50, 1997, p.12
- London Jazz (blog), Sebastian Scotney (editor), London, April 29, 2009
- Peter Clayton & Peter Gammond, Jazz: A–Z, Guinness Superlatives (1986) OCLC 15353474; ISBN 0851122817
- UK Companies House Records, Company No. 00526120
- Peter Vacher (interviewer) & Eddie Cook (interviewee), Oral History of Jazz in Britain, British Library, November 28, 1995 (part 6 of 10)
- The Jazz Economy Issue: Part 1 – Have the Fans Outgrown the Fanzine? JazzUK, Issue 59, pps. 20 & 21 (September/October 2004) Archived 2011-01-31 at the Wayback Machine ISSN 1472-0728
- Oral History (part 6 of 10)
- Oral History (part 7 of 10)
- UK Companies House Records, Company No. 06864067
- "Inky Fingers: Maggoty Lamb on the state of the nation's jazz mags", The Guardian, 23 September 2009
- "Jazz Journal Swings Back into Action" Archived 2010-01-05 at the Wayback Machine, All About Jazz (Philadelphia), 30 April 2009
- Jazz Journal International, National Jazz Archives Newsletter, October 2009[permanent dead link], Issue 19, pg. 2, col. 1, Loughton (October 2009)