Jay Parini (born April 2, 1948) is an American writer and academic. He is known for novels, poetry, biography, screenplays and criticism.
|Born||April 2, 1948 (age 71)|
|Alma mater||Lafayette College |
University of St. Andrews
Having published novels about Leo Tolstoy, Walter Benjamin, and Herman Melville, Jay Parini is regarded as one of the leading innovators in the genre of biographical fiction. "While Parini’s contributions to American letters are many and varied, as he is a first-rate poet, a well-respected critic, and a masterful novelist," writes Michael Lackey, "he is a pioneer, as both a practitioner and theoretician, in the genre of the biographical novel."
Parini was born in Pittston, Pennsylvania, and brought up in Scranton, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Lafayette College in 1970 and was awarded a doctorate by the University of St. Andrews in 1975.
Parini has written eight novels, many of which are about the lives of literary icons, and narratives from his own personal life.
His 1990 international best-selling novel The Last Station is about the final months of Leo Tolstoy. It was translated into over thirty languages, and adapted into an Academy Award-nominated film (The Last Station) starring Helen Mirren, Christopher Plummer, James McAvoy, and Paul Giamatti. The film was released in December 2009.
Parini's historical novel Benjamin's Crossing was a New York Times Notable Book of the year in 1997. It is about the Jewish critic and philosopher Walter Benjamin, and his escape over the Pyrenees from Nazi occupied France into Spain. Michael Lackey notes, "Parini brilliantly dramatizes one of Benjamin’s most important contributions to intellectual history, and it is this contribution that would pave the way for the biographical novel."
Parini's biography Robert Frost: A Life won the Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize for best non-fiction book of the year in 2000. He has also written notable biographies of John Steinbeck, William Faulkner, and Jesus.
His biography of his longtime friend, the late Gore Vidal, Empire of Self: A Life of Gore Vidal (Doubleday, October 2015), was called "A superbly personal biography that pulsates with intelligence, scholarship, and heart." by Kirkus Reviews. Parini figures prominently in the 2013 documentary film Gore Vidal: The United States of Amnesia.
He has published non-fiction books on a variety of subjects, including Theodore Roethke, an American Romantic (1980), Some Necessary Angels: Essays on Writing and Politics (1997), The Art of Teaching (2005), Why Poetry Matters (2008), and Promised Land: Thirteen Books That Changed America (2008).
Parini's books of poetry include Singing in Time (1972), Anthracite Country (1982), Town Life (1988), House of Days (1998), The Art of Subtraction: New and Selected Poems (2005), and New and Collected Poems: 1975 - 2015 (2015).
Journalism and media appearancesEdit
Parini is a regular contributor to various journals, websites and newspapers, including The Chronicle of Higher Education, CNN, The Daily Beast, The New York Times, and The Guardian (U.K.). He has written for GQ, The Nation, The Huffington Post, and Salon.com.
Based on his biography Empire of Self: A Life of Gore Vidal (Doubleday, October 2015), Parini co-wrote the screenplay with director Michael Hoffman of the upcoming Netflix original film Gore (2018), starring Kevin Spacey, Michael Stuhlbarg and Douglas Booth.
Iraq War protestEdit
Parini, along with Julia Alvarez and Galway Kinnell, was invited to read his poetry at the White House in 2003. However, First Lady Laura Bush canceled the event after learning the poets were intending to protest against the Iraq War. Noelia Rodriguez, a spokeswoman for Mrs. Bush said: “While Mrs. Bush respects the right of all Americans to express their opinions, she, too, has opinions and believes it would be inappropriate to turn a literary event into a political forum.” Parini was disgusted by this decision: "For poets to remain silent at a time of national crisis is unconscionable," he said. Fellow poet Julia Alvarez added: "Why be afraid of us, Mrs. Bush? You're married to a scarier fellow." Parini said it was naive for organizers to think he and other poets would check their politics at the door of an event sponsored by the first lady. In response to Mrs. Bush's decision, Parini joined a group of poets that took part in a reading on February 16, 2003 at the Congregational Church in Manchester, Vermont, called "A Poetry Reading in Honor of the Right to Protest as a Patriotic and Historical Tradition". The event was attended by over 700 people, and received national attention, bringing in over 50 reporters and warranting coverage by C-SPAN and 60 Minutes.
In 2010, Parini and Christopher Hitchens debated religion, the invasion of Iraq, and the war on terror at the Pages & Places Book Festival in Scranton, Pennsylvania, which drew more than 2,000 people.
Parini has won various fellowships and awards, including a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1993. His novel Benjamin's Crossing was a New York Times Notable Book of the year in 1997. Parini's Robert Frost: A Life won the Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize for best non-fiction book of the year in 2000. He was awarded the John Ciardi Lifetime Achievement Award by the National Italian American Foundation in 2002. He has received honorary degrees from Lafayette College and the University of Scranton.
- Singing in Time (1972) poems
- Theodore Roethke, an American Romantic (1979) criticism
- The Love Run (1980) novel
- Anthracite Country (1982) poems
- Bread Loaf Anthology of Contemporary American Poetry (1985) editor with Robert Pack and Sydney Lea
- The Patch Boys (1986) novel
- An Invitation to Poetry (1987)
- The Bread Loaf Anthology of Contemporary American Short Stories (1987) editor with Robert Pack
- A Vermont Christmas (1988)
- Town Life (1988) poems
- The Bread Loaf Anthology of Contemporary American Essays (1989) editor with Robert Pack
- The Last Station (novel): A Novel of Tolstoy's Last Year (1990)
- Richard Eberhart, New and Selected Poems 1930–1990 (1990) editor
- Writers On Writing (1991) with Robert Pack
- Bay of Arrows (1992) novel
- Gore Vidal: Writer Against the Grain (1992) editor
- Poems for a Small Planet: Contemporary American Nature Poetry (1993) editor with Robert Pack
- Columbia History of American Poetry (1994) editor
- Columbia Anthology of American Poetry (1995) editor
- John Steinbeck: A Biography (1995)
- American Identities: Contemporary Multicultural Voices (1996) editor with Robert Pack
- Benjamin's Crossing (1996) novel
- Touchstones : American Poets on a Favorite Poem (1996) editor with Robert Pack
- Some Necessary Angels: Essays on Writing and Politics (1997) essays
- Beyond "The Godfather": Italian American Writers on the Real Italian American Experience (1997) editor with A. Kenneth Ciongoli
- House of Days (1998) poems
- The Norton Book of American Autobiography (1998) editor
- Introspections : American Poets on One of Their Own Poems (1998) editor with Robert Pack
- Robert Frost: A Life (1999)
- American Writers (2000) editor, yearly volumes
- American Writers Classics I (2002) II (2004)
- The Apprentice Lover (2002) novel
- British Writers (2002) editor, yearly
- Contemporary Poetry Of New England (2002) editor with Robert Pack
- Passage to Liberty: The Story of Italian Immigration and the Rebirth of America (2002) with A. Kenneth Ciongoli
- British Writers Classics (2003) editor
- The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature (2004) editor
- World Writers in English (2003) editor
- Anthony Quinn's Eye (2004) with Donald Kuspit and Tom Roberts
- One Matchless Time: A Life of William Faulkner (2005)
- The Art of Teaching (2005) criticism
- The Art of Subtraction: New and Selected Poems (2005) poems
- The Wadsworth Anthology of Poetry (2005) editor
- Why Poetry Matters (2008) criticism
- Promised Land: Thirteen Books that Changed America (2008) criticism
- The Passages of H.M. (2011) novel about Herman Melville
- Jesus: The Human Face of God (2013) biography
- Conversations with Jay Parini (2014) edited by Michael Lackey
- Empire of Self: A Life of Gore Vidal (2015) biography
- New and Collected Poems 1975 - 2015 (2016) poetry
- The Way of Jesus: Living a Spiritual and Ethical Life (2018)
- Lackey, Michael (2014). Conversations with Jay Parini. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press. p. x.
- "Jay Parini". The Pennsylvania Center for the Book. Archived from the original on 2013-05-01. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Jay Parini". Middlebury College. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- "Collegium Ralstonianum apud Savannenses - Home". Ralston.ac. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- Holler, Paul (April 2006). "An Interview with Jay Parini". Bookslut. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- "The Last Station". Sony Pictures Classics. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Notable Books of the Year 1997". New York Times. December 7, 1997.
- Lackey, Michael (2014). Truthful Fictions: Conversations with American Biographical Novelists. New York: Bloomsbury. p. 10.
- "The Passages of H.M." Random House. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "The Heartland Prizes". Chicago Tribune. September 26, 1999.
- "New York Times Bestsellers". New York Times. October 4, 2015.
- De Seife, Ethan (20 August 2014). "Biographer Jay Parini 'Stars' in Gore Vidal Documentary". Seven Days.
- "Jay Parini". The University of Scranton. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Some Necessary Angels: Essays on Writing and Politics". Publishers Weekly. 17 February 1997.
- "Why Poetry Matters". Yale University Press. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Parini, Jay (20 February 2009). "At Tolstoy's Last Station". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Contributors: Jay Parini". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Parini, Jay (7 February 2014). "French Kisses: 'Inside a Pearl,' by Edmund White". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Jay Parini". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Parini, Jay (Spring–Summer 2011). "The Many Lives of Gore Vidal". GQ Style (12).
- "Author Bios: Jay Parini". The Nation. 2010-04-02. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Jay Parini". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Jay Parini". Salon. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Prof. Jay Parini Previews His New Biography of Jesus". Middlebury College. 19 December 2013.
- "Jay Parini". C-SPAN. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Open Book: Paul Torday, Jay Parini, Sue Arnold". BBC. 27 January 2011.
- Reporter, Hollywood (September 14, 2017). "'Michael Stuhlbarg Joins Kevin Spacey in Netflix's Gore Vidal Biopic'". Cite journal requires
- Nawotka, Ed (May 15, 2017). "'Colin Firth Treks To 'Benjamin's Crossing'; Fortitude Intl Will Launch At Cannes'". Cite journal requires
- Bowman, James (February 12, 2003). "The Paranoid-Poet Planet: Rhetorical overkill and collateral damage to the language of political debate". National Review.
- Nawotka, Ed (February 24, 2003). "'Resist Much, Obey Little': Northshire Bookstore organizes Vermont poets gathering to protest war". Publishers Weekly. 250 (8).
- Howells, Rich (10 October 2010). "'Pages' made Scranton place to be". Go Lackawanna. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Parini, Jay (Lee)". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Noted in The Last Station: A Novel of Tolstoy's Last Year, Harper Collins (UK), 1990, ISBN 0-00-223910-8
- Official website
- Jay Parini: Vermont offers cozy sense of community for culture[permanent dead link]
- Jay Parini on IMDb
- Guardian Profile of Jay Parini
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- On Point with Tom Ashbrook: Books That Changed America. (December 22, 2008)
- Gore Vidal: The United States of Amnesia. Archived from the original on 2014-02-06. (2013 documentary film)
- MSNBC: Morning Joe: Inside the Gospel narrative. (December 13, 2013)
- PBS Newshour: Writer Jay Parini considers how people experience God through the story of Jesus. (December 25, 2013)