East Javan langur

  (Redirected from Javan lutung)

The East Javan langur (Trachypithecus auratus), also known as the ebony lutung, Javan langur or Javan lutung, is an Old World monkey from the Colobinae subfamily. It is most commonly glossy black with a brownish tinge to its legs, sides, and "sideburns".[3] It is found on the island of Java, as well as on several of the surrounding Indonesian islands. The Latin word auratus in its scientific name means "golden", and refers to a less common color variant. Note that the common name golden langur is used for a different species.

East Javan langur[1]
Ebony Langur Javan Lutung Trachypithecus auratus at Bronx Zoo 3.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Trachypithecus
Species group: Trachypithecus cristatus group
T. auratus
Binomial name
Trachypithecus auratus
Javan Lutung area.png
Javan langur range, including both Trachypithecus auratus and Trachypithecus mauritius
(green — native, dark gray — origin uncertain)

Like all langurs, this species' tail is noticeably long, measuring up to 98 cm in length while the body is only around 55 cm long.[4] The two subspecies of this lutung are fairly similar in appearance and are geographically separated; males and females are both usually glossy black, although the females pale, yellowish white patch around the pubic area. Juveniles of both subspecies are orange in color.[5] The nominate subspecies Trachypithecus auratus auratus has a rare morph that does not lose its juvenile coloration when it matures, instead the coloration darkens slightly, with yellow tinges on its sides, limbs, and around its ears, and a black tinge on its back.[3]

The East Javan langur inhabits the interior and peripheral areas of rainforests.[3]

This primate is diurnal and arboreal.[3] Its diet is primarily herbivorous, eating leaves, fruit, flowers, and flower buds, although it also eats insect larvae. As with other colobines, it has evolved a specialised stomach to digest plant material more efficiently.[4] This species also has enlarged salivary glands to assist it in breaking down food.[3]

Like other langurs, the East Javan langur is a social animal, living in groups of around seven individuals, with one or two adult males in the group.[3] Although they will look after offspring of other mothers as well as their own, adult females are aggressive towards females from other groups. The brighter coloring of juveniles may alert females to their presence and ensures that they will always be noticed and protected.[3][4] This species has no discernible mating season and females produce one offspring at a time.[3]


Formerly there were two subspecies of Trachypithecus auratus recognized:

  • Eastern Javan langur or spangled ebony lutung, Trachypithecus auratus auratus
  • Western Javan langur, Trachypithecus auratus mauritius

Roos et al., 2008, elevated T. a. mauritius to a separate species as Trachypithecus mauritius.[6]



  1. ^ Roos, C., Boonratana, R., Supriatna, J., Fellowes, J.R., Groves, C.P., Nash, S.D., Rylands, A.B. and Mittermeier, R.A. (2014). "An updated taxonomy and conservation status review of Asian primates" (PDF). Asian Primates Journal. 4 (1): 2–38. Retrieved 2018-08-30.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Nijman, V. (2021). "Trachypithecus auratus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2021: e.T39848A17988500. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-1.RLTS.T39848A17988500.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Primate Fact Sheets". 2003-10-15. Archived from the original on 2008-02-08. Retrieved 2021-05-05.
  4. ^ a b c Macdonald, D. (2001). The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ Rowe, N. (1996). The Pictorial Guide to the living Primates. East Hampton, New York: Pogonias Press.
  6. ^ Roos, C.; et al. (2008). "Mitochondrial phylogeny, taxonomy and biogeography of the silvered langur species group (Trachypithecus cristatus)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 47 (2): 629–636. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.03.006. PMID 18406631.[dead link]