Jathika Vimukthi Peramuna

Jathika Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP; National Liberation Front) was a political party formed in 1957 by the K. M. P. Rajaratne and his wife, Kusuma Rajaratne.[1] The JVP received support from local businesses, and anti-Tamil riots were extreme in villages in which it was active.

National Liberation Front
ජාතික විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ
FounderK. M. P. Rajaratne
Merged intoUnited National Party
IdeologySinhalese Buddhist nationalism
Political positionFar-right


Following the arrangement for talks between Federal Tamils and the government of Ceylon,[2] riots broke out against the country's Tamil population. Several Sinhalese mobs broke into Tamil houses and attacked. The attacks included rape. This violence were higher in the Polonnaruwa district.[3]

Following the riots, the government of Ceylon banned ITAK and the JVP.[4] The bans lasted for several months.

Coalition governmentEdit

Once the ban on the JVP ended, the JVP contested in democratic elections, and joined the United National Party (UNP).[5] The UNP promised positions to several organisations that were opposed to Marxism.


  1. ^ A. Jeyaratnam (2010). Electoral Politics. p. 25.
  2. ^ Manor, James (1989). The Expedient Utopian: Bandaranaike and Ceylon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521371919.
  3. ^ "NPC Resolution on Tamil Genocide" (PDF). TamilGuardian. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  4. ^ "The Assassination of Bandaranaike", Sri Lanka: The Untold Story.
  5. ^ How a Seven Party National "Government was Formed Fifty Years Ago". Daily Mirror SL.