Jasaw Chan Kʼawiil I

Jasaw Chan Kʼawiil I[N 1] also known as Ruler A, Ah Cacao and Sky Rain, (before 682-734), was an ajaw of the Maya city of Tikal. He took the throne on May 3, 682 and reigned until his death.[N 2][1]

Jasaw Chan Kʼawiil I
Ajaw
MutalImage3.jpg
Jasaw Chan K'awiil's portrait on Stela 16
King of Tikal
Reign3 May 682 - 734
PredecessorNuun Ujol Chaak
SuccessorYikʼin Chan Kʼawiil
Bornbefore 682
Tikal
Died734
Tikal
Burial
Temple 1 (Burial 116)
SpouseLady Lahan Unen Moʼ
IssueYikʼin Chan Kʼawiil
FatherNuun Ujol Chaak
MotherLady Jaguar Seat
ReligionMaya religion
SignatureJasaw Chan Kʼawiil I's signature

BiographyEdit

Before advances in the decipherment of the Maya script revealed this reading of his name, this ruler was also known to researchers as Tikal Ruler A, Jasaw Chan Kʼawiil or by the nickname Ah Cacao.[1]

One of the most celebrated of Tikal's rulers, Jasaw Chan Kʼawiil's reign came at the end of a 130-year-long hiatus in Tikal's historical record, and his defeat of the rival Maya city of Calakmul in 695 is seen to represent a resurgence in the strength and influence of Tikal.[2]

Two structures at Tikal in particular are associated with Jasaw Chan Kʼawiil. Tikal Temple I is a classically Petén-styled stepped pyramid structure which served as this ruler's tomb, although it is unclear whether it was built for this specific purpose. Tikal Temple II served as the tomb for his wife, Lady Lahan Unen Moʼ (died c.704).[3] His successor was his son Yikʼin Chan Kʼawiil.[1]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The ruler's name, when transcribed is ja-sa-wa CHAN-na-KʼAWI꞉L-la, translated "Kʼawiil that Clears? the Sky", Martin & Grube 2008, p.44.
  2. ^ These are the dates indicated on the Maya inscriptions in Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, Accession: 9.12.9.17.16 5 Kib 14 Sotzʼ, Martin & Grube 2008, p.44.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Martin & Grube 2008, p.44.
  2. ^ Martin & Grube 2008, pp.44-45.
  3. ^ Martin & Grube 2008, pp.46-47.

ReferencesEdit

  • Martin, Simon; Nikolai Grube (2008). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya (2nd ed.). London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500287262. OCLC 191753193.
Regnal titles
Preceded by Ajaw of Tikal
May 3, 682-734
Succeeded by