Jaranwala (Punjabi and Urdu: جڑانوالہ) is a city and capital of Jaranwala Tehsil located in the Faisalabad District of Punjab, Pakistan.[2] It is the 58th largest city of Pakistan. It also one of the biggest tehsil by population in the province of Punjab in Pakistan.

Jaranwala
جڑانوالہ
Jaranwala
The town's modernist Mehtab Mosque
The town's modernist Mehtab Mosque
Jaranwala is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Jaranwala
Jaranwala
Jaranwala is located in Pakistan
Jaranwala
Jaranwala
Coordinates: 31°20′0″N 73°25′0″E / 31.33333°N 73.41667°E / 31.33333; 73.41667Coordinates: 31°20′0″N 73°25′0″E / 31.33333°N 73.41667°E / 31.33333; 73.41667
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
DivisionFaisalabad
DistrictFaisalabad
Elevation
184 m (604 ft)
Population
 • City150,380
 • Rank58th, Pakistan
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Calling code041
WebsiteJaranwala.pk

GeographyEdit

It is located at 31°20'0N 73°26'0E with an altitude of 184 meters (606 feet). It is located 35 km southeast of Faisalabad and 110 km from Lahore. The city serves as the headquarters of Jaranwala Tehsil, an administrative subdivision of the district.[2]

EtymologyEdit

Jaranwala'a name originates from a Bohar, Bargad Banyan tree known as Jaranwala Bohar. Jaranwala is combination of two Punjabi words: Jaran and Wala, where Jaran means "roots" and "Wala" means place.

HistoryEdit

The city is almost 400 years old. According to legends, a Banyan tree with long hanging roots was positioned at the bank of a pond near Chak No. 240 GB. Because of that Banyan tree, the place was later to be known as Jaranwala. The word Jaranwala has two parts: Jaran and Wala. Jaran means roots and wala means place. Combining both words formed the name Jaranwala mean place of roots.

Existing city was founded by British government in 1908.[3] Mr. Micheal Ferrar deputy commissioner of Faisalabad inaugurated this town in 1909 and Sir Ganga Ram Designed the city.[4]

Bhagat Singh, who was an influential figure in the Indian independence movement, was born in Chak 105 GB which is now part of Jaranwala. There is a 100-year-old gate, Pakistan Gate, in front of Rail Bazaar in Jaranwala, which was later redesigned and rebuilt by the town municipality.

Pakistani Gate JaranwalaEdit

The Pakistani Gate is a central point and historical monument of Jaranwala. In January 1917, Sardar Harbeel Sing notified the area committee of Jaranwala to construct a wooden gate to welcome the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab, Sir Michael Francis O'Dwyer, in Jaranwala. After his visit, the gate was named O'Dwyer Gate. However, after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, the people demanded to rename the gate to no avail. Due to heavy wind, the name of O'Dwyer was removed from gate and it was renamed the Railway Gate. On his visit of Nehru on 1 June 1936, it was renamed the Nehru Gate, and the president of Municipal Committee Jaranawala Lala Harnam Das approved the name the on 30 March 1937. The name was changed again after the independence of Pakistan, when the first president of the Municipal Committee of Jaranawala, Syed Altaf Hussain, renamed it the Pakistani Gate. The Pakistani Gate was reconstructed in 1956, 1967, and 2009.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, the population of the Jaranwala MC (Municipal Committee) is 150,380.[1]

EducationEdit

Jaranwala has several schools:-

  • Government Post Graduate College Jaranwala[13]
  • Govt Post Graduate College for Women Jaranwala
  • Government High School Jaranwala
  • Government Islamia High School Jaranwala[14]
  • Govt Girls High School MC 1 Jaranwala
  • Govt Girls High School MC 2 Cinema Choke Jaranwala
  • Centre of Excellence Jaranwala
  • Punjab Group of Colleges Jaranwala Campus
  • Commerce College Jaranwala
  • Ripah College
  • Mian Nazir Hussain Model Secondary School
  • AW Grammar school
  • Al Raza Grammar school
  • Al-Ijaz high school Jaranwala
  • The Educators school system (city Campus or New City campus Jaranwala)
  • Allied School System
  • Dare Arqam School System
  • Virtual university campus
  • The Spirit school system campus
  • The Smart school system campus
  • Al-Noor Pre-Cadet School Jaranwala
  • Sir Syed College Jaranwala
  • Faran Public School Jaranwala.
  • The Educater's School system (Jaranwala city Campus or New City campus)
  • Allied School System

IndustryEdit

The famous industrial area of Khurrianwala is part of the Jaranwala Tehsil. Other main industries include:

AgricultureEdit

Jaranwala has fertile land. It produces crops like rice, wheat, sugarcane, vegetables and fruits. Its grain market is one of the busiest markets in Punjab. It is also the biggest consumer of fertilizers by volume in Pakistan.[21]

TransportationEdit

Jaranwala is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the M3 motorway interchange.[22] There are daily bus services from and to Lahore and Faisalabad. There are many trains coming from Lahore on the Shorkot–Sheikhupura Branch Line. The nearest airport is the Faisalabad International Airport, which is approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the city.[23]

Main roadsEdit

There are seven main roads from Jaranwala to other cities.

Personalities of JaranwalaEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "POPULATION AND HOUSEHOLD DETAIL FROM BLOCK TO DISTRICT LEVEL: PUNJAB (FAISALABAD DISTRICT)" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  2. ^ a b Towns & Unions in the City District of Faisalabad - Government of the Pakistan Archived 2012-03-26 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "MC Jaranawala Website". Archived from the original on 2021-02-26.
  4. ^ "Jaranwala - History, Places, Education, Agriculture & Population". Archived from the original on 2019-12-23.
  5. ^ "Punjab Paint And Hardware Store, Jaranwala, Pakistan". www.directoryforest.com.
  6. ^ "سجاگ". Sujag.
  7. ^ "سجاگ". Sujag.
  8. ^ "Video". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  9. ^ "MC Jaranawala Website". mcjaranwala.lgpunjab.org.pk.
  10. ^ [1][dead link]
  11. ^ Mahmood, Osman. "ACC Jaranwala" – via www.academia.edu. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. ^ "English: Pakistani Gate (Jaranwala)". March 25, 2010 – via Wikimedia Commons.
  13. ^ "Govt. Post Graduate College Jaranwala Road - Merit List | Online College Admissions System". ocas.punjab.gov.pk.
  14. ^ "Govt. Islamia High School Jaranwala". Schools digital platform.
  15. ^ "Rafhan Maize Products Co. Ltd".
  16. ^ "CRESCENT JUTE PRODUCTS LTD JARANWALA". Mitchell Construction Chemicals. 2017-05-06. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  17. ^ "Crescent Jute to raise Rs75m through land sale". DAWN.COM. May 7, 2010.
  18. ^ "ASLAM TEXTILE MILLS LTD. in Jaranwala, Punjab, Pakistan - ASLAM TEXTILE MILLS LTD. Pakistan - BusinessBook.pk". www.businessbook.pk.
  19. ^ "COMPANY PROFILE – Husein Sugar Mills Limited".
  20. ^ "Husein Sugar Mills Limited – Business Recorder".
  21. ^ a b "Home :: Husein Sugar Mills Limited". www.huseinsugarmills.com. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  22. ^ "Jaranwala to Shaukat Karyana Store". Jaranwala to Shaukat Karyana Store.
  23. ^ "distance of janawala nad faisalabad airport - Google Search". www.google.com.