The Japanese snapper (Paracaesio caerulea) is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a snapper belonging to the family Lutjanidae. It is native to the Western Pacific Ocean.

Japanese snapper
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Lutjanidae
Genus: Paracaesio
P. caerulea
Binomial name
Paracaesio caerulea
(Katayama, 1934)
  • Vegetichthys caeruleus Katayama, 1934

Taxonomy edit

The Japanese snapper was first formally described as Vegetichthys caeruleus in 1934 by the Japanese zoologist Masao Katayama with the type locality given as Tokyo Fish Market, the type possibly being caught in the vicinity of Hachijō-jima in the Izu Islands.[3] The specific name caerulea means "blue", a reference to the dominant colour of this fish.[4]

Description edit

The Japanese snapper has a relatively slender, fusiform body. It has large eyes, the area between the eyes is convex. The jaws are equal in length and are equipped with bands of bristle-like teeth and it has a short snout. The pectoral fins are long, extending as far as the anus. The caudal fin may be slightly forked or lunate. The dorsal fin has 10 spines and 10 soft rays while the anal fin contains 3 spines and 8 soft rays, both of these fins lacking scales.[5] The upper body and flanks are blue fading to whitish or silvery on the abdomen while the dorsal and caudal fins are light yellow and the remaining fins may be whitish or translucent. This species attains a maximum total length of 50 cm (20 in), although 30 cm (12 in) is more typical.[2]

Distribution and habitat edit

The Japanese snapper occurs in the western Pacific Ocean where it is found off southern Japan, Taiwan and the Chesterfield Islands of New Caledonia.[1] It is found over rocky substrates at depths in excess of 100 m (330 ft).[5]

Breeding edit

The spawning season in waters off Japan is thought to be April to September. [6]

Uses edit

The Japanese snapper is regarded as an important food fish, which is frequently available in fish in markets. Fishermen catch it using handlines and bottom longlines, and it is sold fresh.[1] The Japanese name for this species is aodai and the flesh is used in sushi and sashimi, as well as being sautéed, broiled, deep fried or prepared in a soup with miso.[7]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Acero, A. (2017) [errata version of 2010 assessment]. "Paracaesio caerulea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T154612A115212819. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T154612A4588226.en. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2021). "Paracaesio caerulea" in FishBase. February 2021 version.
  3. ^ Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Species in the genus Paracaesio". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  4. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara, eds. (5 January 2021). "Order LUTJANIFORMES: Families HAEMULIDAE and LUTJANIDAE". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b Gerald R. Allen (1985). FAO species catalogue Vol.6. Snappers of the world An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date (PDF). FAO Rome. p. 132. ISBN 92-5-102321-2.
  6. ^ Uehara, Masato; Ebisawa, Akihiko; Ohta, Itaru (2018). "Reproductive traits of deep-sea snappers (Lutjanidae): Implication for Okinawan bottomfish fisheries management". Regional Studies in Marine Science. 17: 112–126. doi:10.1016/j.rsma.2017.12.002.
  7. ^ "Aodia/Blue fusilier". Seafood City. Retrieved 7 May 2021.