Japanese Terrier

The Japanese Terrier (日本テリア, Nihon Teria) is a small terrier native to Japan. It is believed to be descended from the progeny of fox terrier types, pointers and indigenous Japanese dogs.[1]

Japanese Terrier
Japanese Terrier 22.04.2012 2pl.jpg
Other namesMikado Terrier
Oyuki (snowy) Terrier
Weight 2.2–4.5 kg (5-10 lb)
Kennel club standards
Japan Kennel Club standard
FCI standard
Dog (domestic dog)


Japanese Terrier head

The Japanese Terrier is a balanced dog. It most often has a black head and a predominantly white body with little black spots. The length of the Japanese Terrier is anywhere from 8 to 13 inches tall (to shoulders) and it typically weighs 5 to 10 pounds.[2] Its ears are high set and fold forward, and the coat is short, slick and fine. Its tail can be docked.


The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) breed standard describes this breed as having "a lively and cheerful character" and as "swift and lively in temperament".[3]


A female Japanese Terrier

The Japanese Terrier was bred in the 17th Century by mating Smooth Fox Terriers, brought by Dutch merchant ships to Nagasaki, with small-sized pointers or small native Japanese dogs. By the 1900s, at the end of the Meiji Era, some of these dogs were seen in the Kobe streets, and were called the “Kobe Terriers”. The appearance of these “Kobe Terriers” was like a mix of the modern Smooth Fox Terriers and the Japanese Terriers.[4] The dogs were then kept as lapdogs in other ports such as Kobe and Yokohama. Planned breeding did not begin until around 1920, and the Japanese Terrier was recognized by the Japan Kennel Club in 1930.[1]

On October 13th, 2020, the Japanese Terrier was accepted into the American Kennel Club's Foundation Stock Service, an optional breed registry service the club provides for new purebred dog breeds that have been introduced to the US and are yet to be recognised by the AKC.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b FCI Breed Standard
  2. ^ "Japanese Terrier". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Nihon Teria (Japanese Terrier)" (PDF). fci. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Japanese Terrier Dog Breed Information". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  5. ^ National Purebred Dog Day https://nationalpurebreddogday.com/the-fss-newest-family-member/. Retrieved 19 October 2020. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)

External linksEdit