Jaora is a city and a municipality in Ratlam district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Jaora is located in the Malwa region, between Ratlam and Mandsaur. It was the capital of the Jaora princely state of Jaora before Independence. During the Mourning of Muharram, thousands of people from all over the world visit the shrine of Hussain Tekri. Jains visit Jaora as a place that the Jain ascetic Rajendrasuri practiced tapasya.

Jaora

Jowra
City
Jaora.jpg
Jaora is located in Madhya Pradesh
Jaora
Jaora
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Jaora is located in India
Jaora
Jaora
Jaora (India)
Coordinates: 23°38′N 75°08′E / 23.63°N 75.13°E / 23.63; 75.13Coordinates: 23°38′N 75°08′E / 23.63°N 75.13°E / 23.63; 75.13
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictRatlam
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyJaora Municipal Council
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation
459 m (1,506 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total74,907
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
457 226
Telephone code07414
Vehicle registrationMP-43
Website[2]

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2011 India census, Jaora tehsil had a population of 243070.[1] Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jaora has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 54%. In Jaora, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Jaora princely stateEdit

The state was founded by 'Abdu'l Ghafur Muhammad Khan, a Muslim of Afghan descent. He was a cavalry officer serving the Pindari leader Amir Khan. He later served the Holkar Maharaja of Indore, subduing Rajput territories in northern Malwa and annexing their lands. The expansion stopped after he was defeated by Raja Lakshman Singh of Sailana, who made him swear not to trouble the local Rajputs after the victory. The Nawab later swore allegiance to the British to save his newly found state. The Nawabs of Jaora were very loyal to the British and were responsible for destroying many Rebels during the mutiny period.[2] In return for the services, The state was confirmed by the British government in 1818 by the Treaty of Mandsaur.

Places of interestEdit

 
Jain mandir, Jaora

There are two city parks, Chota Baagh and Bada Baagh. The Hussain Tekri shrine on the edge of the town attracts thousands of visitors every year. Notable temples include the 200-year-old Radhakrishna temple, Manchapuran Hanuman temple, Jagnath Mahadev, Bada Mandir (Jain Temple), and Jain Dadawadi (Shree Rajendrasurishwar ji maharasaheb), Rogyadevi mandir, Sujalpur mandir.

Educational institutesEdit

CollegesEdit

  • Govt. Polytechnic College, Jaora
  • Bhagat Singh Degree College
  • Narendra Singh Chandravat College
  • ITI College
  • Sardar Patel College of Nursing

SchoolsEdit

  • Adab Academy School
  • Annashetra Jankalyan Samiti (NGO)
  • Emarald Heights higher secondary School
  • Gurukul vidhya peth hs school
  • Jaora Public Senior Secondary School
  • Jaya Foundation NGO
  • Mahatma Gandhi School of Excellence
  • Mahaveer Jain National School
  • Model School
  • Phoenix International School
  • Saint Haider Memorial School
  • Saint Paul's School
  • Saint Peter's School
  • Saraswati Puram
  • Saraswati Shishu Mandir
  • Saraswati Vidhya Mandir
  • Scholars Public School
  • Trimurti convent higher secondary school

TransportEdit

Jaora has a railway station on the Indian Railways network between Ratlam - Ajmer section. From Jaora there are direct trains for Ajmer, Udaipur, Agra, Kota, Indore, Ujjain, Ratlam, Neemuch, Mumbai, Vadodara, Ahmedabad.

The Mhow-Neemuch state highway passes through Jaora. Jaora is 34 km from district HQ Ratlam. Buses provide access to the surrounding area.

Nawabs of JaoraEdit

  • 1817-1825 Iftikhar ud-Daula, Nawab Abdul Ghafur'Khan Bahadur, Diler-Jung
  • 1825-1827 Musharraf Begum (f)+ Jahangir Khan -Regent (d. 1827)
  • 1827-1840 Borthwick -Regent
  • 1825-1865 Muhtasim ud-Daula, Nawab Ghaus Muhammad'Khan Bahadur, Shaukat-Jung
  • 1865-1872 Sahibzada Hazrat Nur Khan-Regent
  • 1865-1895 Ihtisham ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad Ismail'Khan Bahadur, Firoz-Jung[3]
  • 1895-1906 Sahibzada Yar Muhammad Khan -Regent
  • 1895-1947 Fakhr ud-Daula, Nawab Iftikhar Ali'Khan Bahadur, Saulat-Jung
  • 1947-1972 Asif ud-Daula, Nawab Usman Ali'Khan Bahadur, Saulat-Jung
  • 1972-1999 Asif ud-Daula, Nawab Murtuza Ali'Khan Bahadur, Saulat-Jung

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Census India [1]
  2. ^ Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey By R. V. Solomon, J. W. Bond, page.402 & 403
  3. ^ A note of appreciation by Ihtisham ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad Ismail' Khan Bahadur, Firoz-Jung to Shri Kanhaiyalal Joshi 'Jyotish'

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit