Janusz Radziwiłł (1880–1967)
Janusz Franciszek Radziwiłł
3 September 1880
|Died||4 October 1967 (aged 87)|
|Style||His Serene Highness, Prince Radziwiłł, Ordinat of Ołyka |
(m. 1905; died 1947)
|Children||Edmund Ferdynand Radziwiłł |
Krystyna Maria Radziwiłł
Ludwik Ferdynand Radziwiłł
Stanisław Albrecht Radziwiłł
|Parent(s)||Ferdynand Radziwiłł |
|Relatives||Michał Radziwiłł Rudy (brother)|
Ferdynand Radziwiłł (grandfather)
Prince Radziwiłł was born on 3 September 1880 in Berlin in the then German Empire. He was the son of Prince Ferdynand Radziwiłł (1834–1926) and Princess Pelagia Sapieha-Kodenska. His siblings were Michał Radziwiłł Rudy, Karol Ferdynand Radziwiłł, Małgorzata.
His paternal grandparents were Prince Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Countess Leontyna von Clary und Aldringen. His maternal grandparents were Prince Léon Sapieha-Kodenski and Countess Johanna Tyszkiewicz. His great-grandfather was Prince Anton Radziwill and his great-grandmother was Princess Louise of Prussia (1770–1836).
He was a member of the government of the Kingdom of Poland and a conservative politician in the Second Polish Republic. From 1919 to 1920, he was the Polish envoy to London and served as the Polish Foreign Minister from 1920 to 1921.
He was a supporter of Józef Piłsudski, member of his BBWR coalition, Sejm deputy from 1928 to 1935 and a member of the Polish Senate from 1935 to 1939. Despite being a supporter of the government, he was critical of sanacja's excesses (persecution of political opponents, censorship). In 1937 he joined the Camp of National Unity (OZON).
After the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, he was arrested by NKVD. Imprisoned in the infamous Lubyanka prison, he was personally interrogated by Lavrentiy Beria. He was released after a few months after international pressure from, among others, the Italian royal family (due to the prestige of the Radziwiłł family). He returned to Nazi occupied Poland, where he tried to use his prestige to improve Nazi treatment of the Poles; he met with Hermann Göring (whom he knew from before the war) but his efforts were futile. He was briefly imprisoned by the Germans during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944.
After the war in 1945 he was again arrested by NKVD; his wife would die in a communist prison in 1947. He was eventually released, with most of his possessions confiscated and nationalized by the communist government. In 1959, the Polish government gave the 77 year old a passport to visit his son and daughter in England and Spain.
On 9 December 1905, Radziwiłł was married to Princess Anna Jadwiga Maria Lubomirska (1882-1947) (1882-1947) in Rowno, Poland. She was the daughter of Prince Stanislaw Lubomirski and Princess Wanda Lubomirska. Together, they were the parents of:
- Prince Edmund Ferdynand Radziwiłł (b. 1906), who married Princess Izabella Radziwiłł (b. 1915), daughter of Prince Charles Radziwiłł and Princess Izabella Radziwiłł, on 2 June 1934.
- Princess Krystyna Maria Radziwiłł (b. 1908), who married Count Józef Potocki (1895–1968), son of Count Józef Potocki and Princess Helena Radziwiłł, on 8 October 1930. Prince Potocki was the Polish exile government's Ambassador to Spain.
- Prince Ludwik Ferdynand Radziwiłł (1911–1928), who died at the age of 16 at Pszczyna, Germany.
- Prince Stanisław Albrecht Radziwiłł (1914–1976), who was married three times, lastly to Caroline Lee Bouvier Canfield (1933-2019), sister of American First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy.
- Babel, Isaak (2002). The Collected Stories of Isaac Babel. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 206. ISBN 9780393324020. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- The Polish Review. Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America. 2000. p. 353. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Radziwill, Prince Michael (1971). One of the Radziwills. J. Murray. p. 220. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- McNaughton, Arnold (1973). The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy. Garnstone Press. p. 405. ISBN 9780900391194. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Orr, Peter David (2005). Peace at Daggers Drawn. Beachfront Press. p. 50. ISBN 9781413748291. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- "NEW POLISH PARTY HAS RICH BACKERS; Prince Radziwill Returns to Warsaw With Pledges From Magnates of Lodz. WANT PILSUDSKI AS KING Monarchists Get Support From Powerful Landowners In Other Parts of Country". The New York Times. 19 November 1926. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Zimmerman, Joshua D. (2015). The Polish Underground and the Jews, 1939–1945. Cambridge University Press. p. 81. ISBN 9781107014268. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Lee, Loyd E. (1991). World War II: Crucible of the Contemporary World : Commentary and Readings. M.E. Sharpe. p. 77. ISBN 9780873327329. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Cooper, L. (2000). In the Shadow of the Polish Eagle: The Poles, the Holocaust and Beyond. Springer. p. 138. ISBN 9780333992623. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- The Ukrainian Quarterly. Ukrainian Congress Committee of America. 1992. p. 212. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Williamson, David G. (2012). The Polish Underground 1939-1947. Pen and Sword. p. 44. ISBN 9781848842816. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Davies, Norman (2008). No Simple Victory: World War II in Europe, 1939-1945. Penguin. p. 356. ISBN 9781440651120. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Proctor, Robert (2016). Building the Modern Church: Roman Catholic Church Architecture in Britain, 1955 to 1975. Routledge. p. 21. ISBN 9781317170853. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Hayes, Peter (2017). Why?: Explaining the Holocaust. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 9780393254372. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- "Poland Gives Prince Passport". The New York Times. January 17, 1959. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- McNaughton, Arnold (1973). The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy. Garnstone Press. ISBN 9780900391194. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- "PRINCE RADZIWILL BURIED IN POLAND". The New York Times. 8 October 1967. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Haslam, Nicky (7 February 2013). "The Real Lee Radziwill". The New York Times T magazine. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
- Radziwill, Carole (2007). What Remains: A Memoir of Fate, Friendship, and Love. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780743277181. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- "Prince Janusz Radziwill Dies; Leader in Polish Aristocracy". The New York Times. 7 October 1967. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Prince Janusz Radziwill on the Peerage.com
|Ancestors of Janusz Radziwiłł (1880–1967)|