Jannat al-Mu'alla

Jannat al-Mu'alla (Arabic: جَنَّة ٱلْمُعَلَّاة‎, romanizedJannah al-Muʿallāh, lit. 'The Most Exalted Paradise'), also known as the "Cemetery of Ma'la"[1] (Arabic: مَقْبَرَة ٱلْمَعْلَاةMaqbarah al-Maʿlāh) and Al-Ḥajūn (Arabic: ٱلْحَجُوْن‎), is a cemetery to the north of Al-Masjid Al-Haram, and near the Mosque of the Jinn in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is the place where the Islamic Prophet Muhammad's wife, grandfather, and other ancestors are buried.

Jannat al-Mu'allah
Jannat ul Mualla Cemetery.jpg
Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery
Details
Location
CountrySaudi Arabia
CoordinatesCoordinates: 21°26′13″N 39°49′45″E / 21.43694°N 39.82917°E / 21.43694; 39.82917
TypeIslamic
Owned byIslam
No. of gravesRelatives of Muhammad

HistoryEdit

 
Jannat al-Mu'allah before 1925, during the Ottoman period

Many of Muhammad's relatives were buried in this cemetery before his Hegira in 622.[citation needed] Many domes and structures have been built or rebuilt over known graves over the years.[2] Tombs in this cemetery were demolished in 1925, the same year that the Jannat al-Baqi' cemetery in Medina was demolished by Saudi King, Ibn Saud. This happened despite protests by the international Islamic community.[3] Some Shiites continue to mourn the day the House of Saud demolished shrines in Al-Baqi, which has been named Yaum-e Gham or "Day of Sorrow", and protest the Saudi government's demolition of these shrines.

Notable intermentsEdit

 
Khadija's tomb at Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery, before its destruction in 1925

Historical figures buried here include:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tütüncü, Mehmet (2015). "The Uppsala Makkah Painting: A New Source for the Cultural Topography and Historiography for Mecca". In Buitelaar, Marjo; Mols, Luitgard (eds.). Hajj: Global Interactions through Pilgrimage. Leiden: Sidestone Press. pp. 137–163. ISBN 978-90-8890-285-7.
  2. ^ "History of JANNAT AL-MAULLA". Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  3. ^ "History of the cemetery of Jannat al-Baqi". Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  4. ^ Mawlāna Abd al-Rashīd Arshad. "Mujāhid-e-Islām Mawlāna Rahmatullah Kairānwi Muhājir Makki". In Deobandi, Nawaz (ed.). Sawaneh Ulama-e-Deoband (in Urdu). 1 (January 2000 ed.). Deoband: Nawaz Publications. p. 444. Adapted from Āsār-e-Rahmat of Imdād Sābri
  5. ^ Mawlāna Abd al-Rashīd Arshad. "Hadhrat Hāji Imdādullah Muhājir Makki". In Deobandi, Nawaz (ed.). Sawaneh Ulama-e-Deoband (in Urdu). 1 (January 2000 ed.). Deoband: Nawaz Publications. p. 367.