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Jannat al-Mu'alla (Arabic: جَنَّة ٱلْمُعَلَّاة, romanized: Jannah al-Muʿallāh, lit. 'The Most Exalted Paradise'), also known as the "Cemetery of Ma'la" (Arabic: مَقْبَرَة ٱلْمَعْلَاة Maqbarah al-Maʿlāh) and Al-Ḥajūn (Arabic: ٱلْحَجُوْن), is a cemetery to the north of Al-Masjid Al-Haram, and near the Mosque of the Jinn in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is the place where the Islamic Prophet Muhammad's wife, grandfather, and other ancestors are buried.
Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery
|No. of graves||Relatives of Muhammad|
Many of Muhammad's relatives were buried in this cemetery before his Hegira in 622. Many domes and structures have been built or rebuilt over known graves over the years. Tombs in this cemetery were demolished in 1925, the same year that the Jannat al-Baqi' cemetery in Medina was demolished by Saudi King, Ibn Saud. This happened despite protests by the international Islamic community. Some Shiites continue to mourn the day the House of Saud demolished shrines in Al-Baqi, which has been named Yaum-e Gham or "Day of Sorrow", and protest the Saudi government's demolition of these shrines.
Historical figures buried here include:
- Abu Talib ibn Abdul-Muttalib, uncle of Muhammad and father of Ali
- Abd Manaf, great-great-grandfather of Muhammad
- Abdul Mutallib, grandfather of Muhammad
- Khadija, first wife of Muhammad
- Rahmatullah Kairanwi, 19th-century Indian Muslim scholar and author of Izhar ul-Haqq
- Imdadullah Muhajir Makki, another 19th-century Indian Muslim scholar
- Abu Turab al-Zahiri, 20th-century Muslim cleric
- Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki, 20th-century Sunni Muslim cleric
- Tütüncü, Mehmet (2015). "The Uppsala Makkah Painting: A New Source for the Cultural Topography and Historiography for Mecca". In Buitelaar, Marjo; Mols, Luitgard (eds.). Hajj: Global Interactions through Pilgrimage. Leiden: Sidestone Press. pp. 137–163. ISBN 978-90-8890-285-7.
- "History of JANNAT AL-MAULLA". Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "History of the cemetery of Jannat al-Baqi". Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- Mawlāna Abd al-Rashīd Arshad. "Mujāhid-e-Islām Mawlāna Rahmatullah Kairānwi Muhājir Makki". In Deobandi, Nawaz (ed.). Sawaneh Ulama-e-Deoband (in Urdu). 1 (January 2000 ed.). Deoband: Nawaz Publications. p. 444.
Adapted from Āsār-e-Rahmat of Imdād Sābri
- Mawlāna Abd al-Rashīd Arshad. "Hadhrat Hāji Imdādullah Muhājir Makki". In Deobandi, Nawaz (ed.). Sawaneh Ulama-e-Deoband (in Urdu). 1 (January 2000 ed.). Deoband: Nawaz Publications. p. 367.