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Janani Janmabhoomischa Swargadapi Gariyasi

National Emblem of Nepal with the National motto written on the red banner.

"Janani Janma-bhoomi-scha Swargadapi Gariyasi" (Devanagari: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी, IAST: jananī janmabhūmiśca svargādapi garīyasī) is a Sanskrit shloka and the national motto of Nepal.[citation needed]



This Sanskrit verse can be translated as "Mother and motherland are superior to Heaven."


The verse is claimed to be from the great Hindu Epic Ramayana in Sanskrit composed by Adi Kavi (Primordial Poet) sage Valmiki. However, this shloka was never in original Ramayana.[1]

Different versions of the shloka are as follows.

मित्राणि धन धान्यानि प्रजानां सम्मतानिव |

जननी जन्म भूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी ||

Sage Bharadwaja said, "The friends, the riches and the grains are highly honoured in this world. Mother and mother-land are far superior to even the heaven."

[ This shloka is seen in the edition published by Hindi Prachara Press, Madras in 1930 by T.R. Krishna chary, Editor and T. R. Vemkoba chary the publisher. ][2]


अपि स्वर्णमयी लङ्का न मे लक्ष्मण रोचते |

जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी ||

"Lakshmana, even this golden Lanka does not appeal to me, birth giving motherland is greater than heaven."

Source of this shloka is not known and is only a folklore.[3]

See alsoEdit