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Janet Vivian "Jan" Hooks (April 23, 1957 – October 9, 2014) was an American actress and comedian best known for her work on Saturday Night Live, where she was a repertory player from 1986 to 1991, and continued making cameo appearances until 1994. Her subsequent work included a regular role on the final two seasons of Designing Women, a recurring role on 3rd Rock from the Sun and a number of other roles in film and television.
Hooks at the 40th Emmy Awards in 1988
Janet Vivian Hooks|
April 23, 1957
October 9, 2014 (aged 57)|
Woodstock, New York
Hooks was born and raised in Decatur, Georgia, where she attended Canby Lane Elementary School and Towers High School. In 1974, she moved to Fort Myers, Florida, her junior year when her father, a Sears employee, was transferred. At this point, Hooks attended Cypress Lake High School and made her stage debut in a high school play and graduated in 1975. She attended Edison State College where she majored in Theatre, but opted to leave before completion, to pursue acting full time. 
From 1980 to 1981, she appeared in Tush on Ted Turner's television station WTBS, which eventually became TBS. She gained notice in the early 1980s on the HBO comedy series Not Necessarily the News. Hooks made guest appearances on Comedy Break with Mack and Jamie in the mid-1980s.
Hooks was considered for SNL in 1985, but was passed over by the show's producers in favor of Joan Cusack. After the show's 1985–1986 season was deemed a ratings disaster and put on the chopping block for cancellation, returning producer Lorne Michaels offered Hooks a contract in 1986, along with new recruits Dana Carvey and Phil Hartman, among others. They helped put the show back in the national spotlight. Her characters included Candy Sweeney of "The Sweeney Sisters". She performed notable impressions of Bette Davis, Ann-Margret, Betty Ford, Nancy Reagan, Sinéad O'Connor, Jodie Foster, Drew Barrymore, Tammy Faye Bakker, Kathie Lee Gifford, Kitty Dukakis, Diane Sawyer and Hillary Clinton.
Tiring of the stress of performing on a live show, Hooks left SNL in 1991 after being asked by Linda Bloodworth-Thomason to replace Jean Smart on the CBS sitcom Designing Women. Hooks played the role of Carlene Dobber for the final two seasons of the show. She continued to make occasional appearances on SNL through 1994, usually playing Hillary Clinton. According to a 2014 Grantland article about her career and death, Hooks' combination of anxiety about acting and generally laidback approach to seeking out work led to her often turning down both prestigious auditions and lucrative acting roles; Tina Fey commented after her death that she was angry that Hooks didn't have a more successful career (Fey compared Hooks to Rob Schneider in noting Hooks was a bigger star than him on SNL and should have at least had his level of success) but another friend stated that Hooks didn't have doors slammed in her face and often made no efforts to seek out work. She appeared in several movies, starred as Dixie Glick in the series Primetime Glick, and the movie Jiminy Glick in Lalawood. She had a recurring role as the trashy Vicki Dubcek on 3rd Rock from the Sun, which earned Hooks an Emmy Award nomination. Hooks guest-starred on two Matt Groening-produced cartoons for the FOX Network: six episodes of The Simpsons between 1997 and 2002, as Apu's wife Manjula (although Tress MacNeille sometimes substituted for her, and eventually replaced Hooks), and in Futurama (in the episode "Bendless Love" as the voice of a female robot named Angleyne). She appeared in Pee-wee's Big Adventure as a know-it-all tour guide at the Alamo and made a cameo appearance in the 1992 movie Batman Returns as Jen, the Penguin's image consultant during his campaign to become Mayor of Gotham City. She made two appearances on 30 Rock in 2010 playing Jenna Maroney's mother, Verna, which ultimately were the last live-action spots she ever did. She guest starred in a 2013 episode of The Cleveland Show called "Mr. and Mrs. Brown", which was her final acting job.
Saturday Night Live aired a tribute for Hooks in the third episode of its 40th season on October 11, 2014, reairing a skit she had filmed in 1988 with Phil Hartman. The clip, "Love Is a Dream", was the same one that had concluded the show's special tribute episode to Hartman after his death in 1998. Guest host Bill Hader and Kristen Wiig introduced the tribute. Earlier in the evening, NBC reaired a 1990 episode, hosted by Alec Baldwin, which featured two of Hooks's most famous comedic sketches: "Brenda the Waitress", and one in which she played Greta Garbo.
|1985||Pee-wee's Big Adventure||Tina|
|A Dangerous Woman||Makeup Girl|
|1998||Simon Birch||Miss Leavey|
|2004||Jiminy Glick in Lalawood||Dixie Glick|
|1983||Prime Times||Various characters||TV special|
|1983||The 1/2 Hour Comedy Hour||Various characters|
|1983–1984||Not Necessarily the News||Various characters||24 episodes|
|1984||The Joe Piscopo Special||Various characters||TV special|
|1985||That Was The Week That Was||Various characters||TV special|
|1985||Comedy Break||Various characters|
|1986–1994||Saturday Night Live||Various characters||102 episodes|
|1989||Dear John||Suzanne||Episode: "John's Blind Date"|
|1991–1993||Designing Women||Carlene Frazier Dobber||45 episodes|
|1994||The Martin Short Show||Meg Harper Short|
|1996||The Dana Carvey Show||Kathie Lee Gifford||Episode: "The Diet Mug Root Beer Dana Carvey Show"|
|1996–2000||3rd Rock from the Sun||Vicki Dubcek||16 episodes|
|1997||Hiller and Diller||Kate||2 episodes|
|1997–2002||The Simpsons||Manjula Nahasapeemapetilon||Voice|
|2001||Providence||Doreen Dunfey||Episode 3.10: "The Gun"|
Episode: "Bendless Love"
|2001–2003||Primetime Glick||Dixie Glick|
|2010||30 Rock||Verna Maroney||2 episodes|
|2013||The Cleveland Show||Mrs. Kellogg||Voice|
Episode: "Mr. and Mrs. Brown"
(final television appearance)
- Jan Hooks obituary, liteseyfh.com; accessed October 21, 2014.
- Obituary for Jan Hooks, northwestgeorgianews.com; accessed October 21, 2014.
- Keepnews, Peter (October 9, 2014). "Jan Hooks of 'Saturday Night Live' Fame Is Dead at 57". The New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
- "'Saturday Night Live' Vet Jan Hooks Dead at 57". NBC News. October 9, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
- Rothman, Michael (October 9, 2014). "Jan Hooks Dead at 57: Comedian Starred on 'Saturday Night Live' in the 1980's". ABC News. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
- Wright, Megh (July 5, 2011). "Saturday Night's Children: Jan Hooks (1986–1991)". Splitsider. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
- "US comedian Jan Hooks dies aged 57". BBC News. October 10, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
- Jan Hooks on IMDb
- Thomas, Mike (October 20, 2015). "The Laughs, Pathos, and Overwhelming Talent of Jan Hooks". Grantland. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- "'SNL' Remembers Jan Hooks With Emotional Tribute". The Hollywood Reporter, October 11, 2014.
- Perkins, Dennis. "The Simpsons: "Super Franchise Me"". TV Club. Retrieved 2018-05-21.