Janet Vivian Hooks[1][2] (April 23, 1957 – October 9, 2014) was an American actress and comedian, best known for her work on Saturday Night Live, where she was a repertory player from 1986 to 1991, and continued making cameo appearances until 1994. Her subsequent work included a regular role on the final two seasons of Designing Women, a recurring role on 3rd Rock from the Sun, and a number of other film and television roles, including on Tina Fey’s NBC show 30 Rock and The Simpsons.[3]

Jan Hooks
Jan Hooks.jpg
Hooks at the 40th Emmy Awards in 1988
Born
Janet Vivian Hooks

(1957-04-23)April 23, 1957
DiedOctober 9, 2014(2014-10-09) (aged 57)
Occupation
  • Actress
  • comedian
Years active1980–2013

Early lifeEdit

Hooks was born and raised in Decatur, Georgia, where she attended Canby Lane Elementary School and Towers High School. In 1974, her junior year, she moved to Fort Myers, Florida, when her father, a Sears employee, was transferred. She attended Cypress Lake High School, made her stage debut in a play there, and graduated in 1975. She attended Edison State College where she majored in theatre, but left to pursue acting full-time.[4]

CareerEdit

Hooks began her career as a member of the Los Angeles-based comedy troupe The Groundlings and in an Atlanta nightclub act called The Wits End Players.[5]

From 1980 to 1981, she appeared in Tush on Ted Turner's television station, WTBS, which eventually became TBS.[6] She gained attention in the early 1980s on the HBO comedy series Not Necessarily the News[7] and made guest appearances on Comedy Break with Mack & Jamie in the mid-1980s.[8] She made her film debut in Pee-wee's Big Adventure as a know-it-all tour guide at the Alamo and appeared in the Goldie Hawn film Wildcats.

In 1985, Hooks met with producer Lorne Michaels about a spot on Saturday Night Live, but was passed over in favor of Joan Cusack.[8][9] After the show's 1985–1986 season was deemed a ratings disaster and the show was put on the chopping block for cancellation, Michaels offered Hooks another chance. This time, despite describing her 6-minute audition as "brutal", she was offered a contract along with fellow new recruits Dana Carvey, Phil Hartman, Victoria Jackson and Kevin Nealon. They helped lead the show to a sustained ratings increase and a return to the national spotlight.[8][10] Hooks' characters included Candy Sweeney of "The Sweeney Sisters".[11] She played famous political wives of the era including Nancy Reagan, Hillary Clinton, Kitty Dukakis, Betty Ford, and Elizabeth Dole.[12][13][14] She performed notable impressions of Bette Davis, Sinéad O'Connor, Tammy Faye Bakker, Ivana Trump, Kathie Lee Gifford, and Diane Sawyer.[13]

Tiring of the stress of performing on a live show, Hooks left SNL in 1991 after being asked by Linda Bloodworth-Thomason to replace Jean Smart on the CBS sitcom Designing Women. Hooks played the role of Carlene Dobber for the final two seasons of the show. She also continued to make occasional appearances on SNL through 1994, usually playing Hillary Clinton.

Hooks continued working in supporting roles and guest appearances for several years, but with declining frequency. She had a recurring role as Vicki Dubcek on 3rd Rock from the Sun, which earned her an Emmy Award nomination. She guest-starred on two Matt Groening-produced cartoons for the Fox Broadcasting Company: six episodes of The Simpsons between 1997 and 2002, as Apu's wife Manjula (although Tress MacNeille sometimes substituted for her, and eventually replaced her),[15] and in the Futurama episode "Bendless Love", as the voice of a female robot named Angleyne. She starred as Dixie Glick in the series Primetime Glick and the movie Jiminy Glick in Lalawood. She had small parts in several other movies, including Batman Returns as Jen, the Penguin's image consultant during his campaign to become Mayor of Gotham City. She made two appearances on 30 Rock in 2010, playing Jenna Maroney's mother, Verna, which ultimately were the last live-action spots Hooks ever did. She guest starred in a 2013 episode of The Cleveland Show called "Mr. and Mrs. Brown", which was her final acting job.

According to a 2014 Grantland article about her career and death, Hooks' combination of anxiety about acting and passive approach to her career led to her missing out on prestigious auditions and lucrative acting roles.[3] Tina Fey commented after her death that she was angry that Hooks didn't have a more successful career (Fey said that Hooks was a bigger star on SNL than Rob Schneider, and should have had at least as big a film career as he did).[16] However, Hooks' friend, film critic Ann Hornaday, said that Hooks didn't have doors slammed in her face and often made no effort to seek out work.[3] Hooks turned down a role in the 2003 television film The Music Man (which went to Molly Shannon instead) and declined to reprise her SNL sketch "The Sweeney Sisters" with Nora Dunn in a special appearance at Carnegie Hall in 2014. Hooks' friend Bill Tush speculated that her drinking had made her indifferent towards her career, but also said she may not have wanted any more money or fame. Another friend said that she had decided only to work enough to maintain her Screen Actors Guild health insurance.[3]

DeathEdit

Hooks had been advised by her doctor to stop drinking due to liver damage, but did not attempt to quit.[3] She was diagnosed with leukemia in February 2009, which was treated and went into remission that May.[3] In April 2014, she discovered a bump on her throat. She was given a biopsy and treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, but the tumor was unresponsive to chemotherapy and continued to grow. Doctors said the only remaining option was a total laryngectomy, which Hooks declined. She arranged for hospice care and used prescription drugs, wine and cigarettes to manage her pain. She wrote in an email, "...my dependence on wine and cigarettes increases. Oh the irony! The things that soothe you mentally and spiritually destroy you physically. It's so unfair."[3] Her ability to speak, eat and breathe declined. Soon after watching Late Show with David Letterman with her brother Tom at her home in Woodstock, New York, Hooks succumbed to her throat cancer and died on October 9, 2014, at the age of 57.[1][5][3] Her remains were interred in Northview Cemetery in Cedartown, Georgia.[1]

The Simpsons episode "Super Franchise Me" memorialized her on October 12, 2014, with her longtime character Manjula Nahasapeemapetilon honored in the credits.[17]

"Love Is a Dream"Edit

SNL paid tribute to Hooks in the third episode of its 40th season on October 11, 2014. Guest host Bill Hader and Kristen Wiig introduced a tribute in which SNL re-aired a short she had filmed with Phil Hartman in 1988 for SNL's 14th season, titled "Love Is a Dream".[18] This short film was also repeated to honor Hartman following his death in 1998. It is described as "a sweet and melodramatic tribute to the 1948 film The Emperor Waltz", which was directed by Billy Wilder and starred Bing Crosby and Joan Fontaine.[19] The scene casts Hooks as an aging woman who vanishes into her own imagination to sing and share a dance with a long-lost lover (Hartman). Hooks and Hartman appear to lip sync to the original singing voices from the 1948 film. One critic noted that the "Jan Hooks tribute showed that Jan did not need to be funny in order to captivate the attention of her audience" as Hooks and Hartman were known among peers to be quiet and reserved off-screen.[20]

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1985 Pee-wee's Big Adventure Tina
1986 Wildcats Stephanie Needham
1987 Funland Shelly Willingham
1992 Batman Returns Jen
1993 Coneheads Gladys Johnson
A Dangerous Woman Makeup Girl
1998 Simon Birch Miss Leavey
2004 Jiminy Glick in Lalawood Dixie Glick

TelevisionEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1980 Tush Various characters
1983 Prime Times Various characters TV special
1983 The 1/2 Hour Comedy Hour Various characters
1983–1984 Not Necessarily the News Various characters 24 episodes
1984 The Joe Piscopo Special Various characters TV special
1985 That Was The Week That Was Various characters TV special
1985 Comedy Break Various characters
1986–1994 Saturday Night Live Various characters 102 episodes
1989 Dear John Suzanne Episode: "John's Blind Date"
1991–1993 Designing Women Carlene Frazier Dobber 45 episodes
1992 Frosty Returns Lil DeCarlo Voice
TV special
1994 The Martin Short Show Meg Harper Short
1996 The Dana Carvey Show Kathie Lee Gifford Episode: "The Diet Mug Root Beer Dana Carvey Show"
1996–2000 3rd Rock from the Sun Vicki Dubcek 16 episodes
1997 Hiller and Diller Kate 2 episodes
1997–2002 The Simpsons Manjula Nahasapeemapetilon Voice
6 episodes
2001 Providence Doreen Dunfey Episode 3.10: "The Gun"
2001 Futurama Anglelyne Voice
Episode: "Bendless Love"
2001–2003 Primetime Glick Dixie Glick
2004 Game Over Nadine
2010 30 Rock Verna Maroney 2 episodes
2013 The Cleveland Show Mrs. Kellogg Voice
Episode: "Mr. and Mrs. Brown"

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Jan Hooks obituary, liteseyfh.com; accessed October 21, 2014.
  2. ^ Obituary for Jan Hooks, northwestgeorgianews.com; accessed October 21, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Thomas, Mike (October 20, 2015). "The Laughs, Pathos, and Overwhelming Talent of Jan Hooks". Grantland. ESPN. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  4. ^ Buitrag, Juan (October 14, 2014). "Jan Hooks, 'SNL' & Cypress Lake alumnus dies". News-Press.com. Fort Myers, FL.
  5. ^ a b Keepnews, Peter (October 9, 2014). "Jan Hooks of 'Saturday Night Live' Fame Is Dead at 57". The New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  6. ^ "'Saturday Night Live' Vet Jan Hooks Dead at 57". NBC News. October 9, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  7. ^ Rothman, Michael (October 9, 2014). "Jan Hooks Dead at 57: Comedian Starred on 'Saturday Night Live' in the 1980s". ABC News. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  8. ^ a b c Wright, Megh (July 5, 2011). "Saturday Night's Children: Jan Hooks (1986–1991)". Splitsider. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  9. ^ Weiss, Ray (November 27, 1986). "Hooked on 'Saturday Night Live', Decatur native has finally hit the big time...almost". The Atlanta Constitution. p. 194.
  10. ^ "Younger, Sexier, Inherently Doomed Case File #25: Saturday Night Live's 1985-1986 season". The A.V. Club. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  11. ^ Cader, Michael; Baskin, Edie (1994). Saturday night live : the first twenty years. Internet Archive. Boston : Houghton Mifflin. pp. 218–219. ISBN 978-0-395-70895-8.
  12. ^ Rich, Katey (October 10, 2014). "Saturday Night Live Alum Jan Hooks Dead at 57". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  13. ^ a b Cader, Michael; Baskin, Edie (1994). Saturday night live : the first twenty years. Internet Archive. Boston : Houghton Mifflin. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-395-70895-8.
  14. ^ Cader, Michael; Baskin, Edie (1994). Saturday night live : the first twenty years. Internet Archive. Boston : Houghton Mifflin. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-395-70895-8.
  15. ^ "US comedian Jan Hooks dies aged 57". BBC News. October 10, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  16. ^ Miller, Julie (October 21, 2014). "Tina Fey Remembers Jan Hooks". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  17. ^ Perkins, Dennis. "The Simpsons: "Super Franchise Me"". TV Club. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  18. ^ "'SNL' Remembers Jan Hooks With Emotional Tribute". The Hollywood Reporter, October 11, 2014.
  19. ^ "The 'SNL' Jan Hooks Tribute: Bill Hader and Kristen Wiig Present 'Love Is But a Dream'". ScreenCrush Network. Archived from the original on April 29, 2017. Retrieved September 13, 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  20. ^ "Jan Hooks: Here Are Five Reasons Why Her SNL Tribute Was Absolutely Perfect". Retrieved September 13, 2019.

External linksEdit