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Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council

The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council (also known as the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Parishad) is the upper house of the legislature of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Jammu and Kashmir State Legislature consists of the Governor, the Legislative Assembly, and the Legislative Council.[1]

Legislative Council of Jammu and Kashmir
6th Assembly
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Haji Anayat Ali, PDP
Since 12 April 2015
Deputy Chairman
Jahangir Hussain Mir, INC
Since 12 April 2015
Leader of House
Leader of Opposition
Shri Ali Mohammad Dar, JKNC
Structure
Seats 36
Jammu & Kashmir LC Dec 2017.svg
Political groups

(As on 17.04.2017 after MLC election)

  PDP: 11 seats
  BJP: 11 seats
  INC: 6 seats
  NC: 6 seats
  Vacant: 2 seats
Meeting place
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council
Website
http://jklegislativecouncil.nic.in

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first legislature of the kingdom, that is now the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir was established by the government of the Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Singh in 1934.[2] In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly and the Parliament of India passed the Legislative Councils Act. These two pieces of legislation created the current bicameral legislature of Jammu and Kashmir.[1][2]

Membership and TenureEdit

Largely governed by the Indian Constitution and acts of the Indian Parliament, the following list summarizes the eligibility criteria for membership in the Legislative Council:

  1. They must be a citizen of India.
  2. They must be at least 30 years of age.
  3. They must meet any additional requirements stipulated in an act of Parliament.
  4. They may not hold any office of profit, other than a ministerial position, in the Union or state government(s), and must resign from any such office upon their election.
  5. They cannot be a member of any Vidhan Sabha, of the Lok Sabha, or of the Rajya Sabha.
  6. They must be of sound mind and physical health as determined by the court of competent jurisdiction.[3]

Members of the Legislative Councils serve staggered six-year terms, with one-third of the members eligible for re-election every two years. Unlike the lower house, the composition of the council is not determined by direct popular vote.[3]

The Council's membership is strictly limited to 40 seats. However, as per section 50 of the state constitution, the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council is currently composed of 36 seats.[3][4]

Composition of Legislative CouncilEdit

Legislative Council consists of thirty-six members, chosen in the following manner:

  • Eleven members are elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly from among the residents of the Province of Kashmir, including at least one resident each from Tehsil Leh and Tehsil Kargil.
  • Eleven members are elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly from among the residents of the Province of Jammu, including at least one resident each from the Doda District and from the Poonch District.
  • One member is elected from among the municipal council, town area committees, and notified area committees in both the Province of Kashmir and the Province of Jammu, for a total of two.
  • Two members are elected by the members of the Panchayats and other local bodies in both the Province of Kashmir and the Province of Jammu, for a total of four.
  • Eight members are nominated by the Governor: three or fewer belonging to any of the socially or economically backward classes in the State, the others having special knowledge or practical experience in such areas as literature, science, art, co-operative movement and social service.[3]

FunctionsEdit

The Legislative Council has two regular sessions — Budget and Monsoon — but can be convened at any time by the state governor.[5] The Council lacks many of the powers and responsibilities that are bestowed to the Legislative Assembly.[3] While the Legislative Council can originate any form of legislation except bills concerning financial appropriations, in practice the lower house is the source of most legislation and bills passed by the Assembly are only sent to the Legislative Council for final approval.[3]

The Council is required to decide on any appropriation bill sent by the Assembly within 14 days.[3][4] Legislation not concerning appropriations may be decided upon within three months.[3][4] Whether a bill is an Ordinary Bill or a Money Bill is decided by the Speaker of the Vidhan Sabha.

Nevertheless, the Vidhan Parishad does enjoy some amount of power:

  • As a permanent House, it is not subject to dissolution.
  • It is highly specialized and professional.
  • It can send bills back for reconsideration by the Assembly, with or without recommendations.
  • It can delay bills for up to six months (two considerations).

Current membersEdit

See here the List of members of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council - ( Past and Present members ).

SNo NAME OF MEMBER Constituency Party Position Term Commences Retirement Status
1 Vikram Randhawa Assembly - Jammu BJP 20-04-2017 19-04-2023 [6]
2 Pradeep Sharma Assembly - Jammu BJP 20-04-2017 19-04-2023 [6]
3 Blowria Smt. Rani Gargi Assembly - Jammu INC 17-03-2013 16-03-2019
4 Firdoos Ahmad Tak Assembly - Jammu PDP 03-03-2015 16-03-2019
5 Sharma Shri Yash Pal Assembly - Jammu PDP 17-03-2013 16-03-2019
6 Surinder Kumar Choudhary Assembly - Jammu PDP 17-03-2015 16-03-2021
7 Charanjeet Singh Assembly - Jammu BJP 17-03-2015 16-03-2021
8 Vinod Gupta Assembly - Jammu BJP 17-03-2015 16-03-2021
9 Sajad Ahmad Kichloo Assembly - Jammu J&KNC 17-03-2015 16-03-2021
10 Gupta Shri Naresh Kumar Assembly - Jammu (Doda) INC 17-03-2013 16-03-2019
11 Balbir Singh Assembly - Jammu (Poonch) INC 20-04-2017 19-04-2023 [6]
12 Yasir Reshi Assembly - Kashmir PDP 03-03-2015 19-04-2023 (re-elected in 2017) [6]
13 Girdhari Lal Raina alias Ajay Bharati Assembly - Kashmir BJP 20-04-2017 19-04-2023 [6]
14 Aga Syed Mahmood Assembly - Kashmir NC 20-04-2017 19-04-2023 [6]
15 Andrabi Syed Naeem Akhtar Assembly - Kashmir PDP 17-03-2013 16-03-2019 Minister for PWD (R&B)
16 Sofi Yousuf Assembly - Kashmir BJP 03-03-2015 16-03-2019
17 Ganai Shri Showkat Hussain Assembly - Kashmir J&KNC 17-03-2013 16-03-2019
18 Parrey Shri Mohammad Muzaffar Assembly - Kashmir INC 17-03-2013 16-03-2019
19 Qaiser Jamshed Lone Assembly - Kashmir J&KNC 17-03-2015 16-03-2021
20 Javed Ahmad Assembly - Kashmir PDP 17-03-2015 16-03-2021
21 Anayat Ali Assembly - Kashmir (Kargil) PDP 17-03-2015 16-03-2021
22 Chering Dorjay Assembly - Kashmir (Ladakh) BJP 17-03-2015 16-03-2021 Minister for Cooperatives
23 Vacant Local Bodies - Jammu from 16-10-2011 caused due to retirement of S. Arvinder Singh
24 Vacant Local Bodies - Kashmir from 28-12-2008 caused due to election of Shri Nizam-ud-din Bhat as MLA
25 Bhagat Shri Sham Lal Panchayat - Jammu INC 07-12-2012 06-12-2018
26 Ganai Dr.(Ms.) Shehnaz Panchayat - Jammu J&KNC 07-12-2012 06-12-2018
27 Dar Shri Ali Mohammad Panchayat - Kashmir J&KNC 07-12-2012 06-12-2018
28 Monga Shri Ghulam Nabi Panchayat - Kashmir INC 07-12-2012 06-12-2018
29 Zafar Iqbal Manhas Nominated PDP 09-04-2015 08-04-2021
30 Ashok Khajuria Nominated BJP 09-04-2015 08-04-2021
31 Vikramaditya Singh Nominated PDP 09-04-2015 08-04-2021
32 Ramesh Arora Nominated BJP 09-04-2015 08-04-2021
33 Saif-ud-din Bhat Nominated PDP 09-04-2015 08-04-2021
34 Ajatshatru Singh Nominated BJP 09-04-2015 08-04-2021
35 Mohammad Khursheed Alam Nominated PDP 09-04-2015 08-04-2021
36 Surinder Mohan Ambardar Nominated BJP 09-04-2015 08-04-2021

Party Makeup of the Legislative CouncilEdit

Office-BearersEdit

The Legislative Council is headed by a Chairman and Deputy Chairman, who are chosen by the members of the Council. The Leader of the House is the leader of the party (or coalition) holding the most number of seats in the council. The Leader of the Opposition represents the second-largest party or coalition.

The current office-bearers are:

  • Chairman: Haji Inayat Ali (PDP)
  • Deputy Chairman: Jahangir Hussain Mir INC
  • Leader of the House: Naeem Akhtar (PDP)
  • Leader of the Opposition: Ali Mohammad Dar JKNC
  • Secretary: Abdul Majid Bhat

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 29 August 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h J.C. Johari (2004). Indian Polity: A Concise Study of the Indian Constitution, Government and Politics. Lotus Press. pp. 127–30. ISBN 978-81-89093-68-6. 
  4. ^ a b c Pooja Narang (1999). Encyclopedaedic Dictionary of Business Organization. Sarup & Sons. pp. 485–95. ISBN 978-81-7625-059-7. 
  5. ^ "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f http://kashmirreader.com/2017/04/03/four-candidates-elected-unopposed-legislative-council/