James Wilson II (New Hampshire)

James Wilson (March 18, 1797 – May 29, 1881) was a U.S. Representative from New Hampshire, son of James Wilson (1766-1839).

James Wilson
James Wilson (1797 1881) (New Hampshire Congressman).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Hampshire's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1847 – September 9, 1850
Preceded byNew Hampshire's At-large congressional district
Succeeded byGeorge W. Morrison
Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
Preceded byHenry Hubbard
Succeeded byJames B. Thornton
Member of the
New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
1825–1837, 1840, 1846, 1871–1872
Personal details
BornMarch 18, 1797
DiedMay 29, 1881(1881-05-29) (aged 84)
Political partyWhig


Born in Peterborough, New Hampshire, Wilson attended New Ipswich Academy and the academies at Atkinson and Exeter. He moved with his parents to Keene, New Hampshire, in 1815, and graduated from Middlebury College in Vermont in 1820.

Wilson served as member of the New Hampshire State militia 1820-1840 and was successively promoted from captain to major general. A law student, he was admitted to the bar in 1823 and commenced practice in Keene. He served as member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives 1825-1837, 1840, and 1846, and served as Speaker in 1828. He was an unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1835 and 1838. He served as delegate to the Whig National Convention in 1840 and was Surveyor general of public lands in the Territories of Wisconsin and Iowa 1841-1845.

Wilson was elected as a Whig to the Thirtieth and Thirty-first Congresses and served from March 4, 1847, to September 9, 1850, when he resigned. He served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department (Thirtieth Congress). He was appointed one of the land claim commissioners for California in 1851 and served in this capacity until 1853. He settled in San Francisco and remained there until 1867, when he returned to Keene, New Hampshire. He was again a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1871 and 1872.

He died in Keene, May 29, 1881 and was interred in Woodland Cemetery.


  • United States Congress. "James Wilson II (id: W000587)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
New Hampshire's At-large congressional district
U.S. Representative for the 3rd District of New Hampshire
March 4, 1847 – September 9, 1850
Succeeded by
George W. Morrison
Political offices
Preceded by
Henry Hubbard
Speaker of the
New Hampshire House of Representatives

Succeeded by
James B. Thornton