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James R. Ballantyne

James R. Ballantyne, circa 1845, by Hill & Adamson.

James Robert Ballantyne (1813–1864) was a Scottish Orientalist, from 1845 superintendent of the Sanskrit College (Benares) in Varanasi (then known as Benares). He went to England in 1861 where he was elected librarian of the India Office.[1]

Ballantyne published grammars of Sanskrit, Hindi (2nd edition, 1868), and Marathi, and published an edition of the Laghukaumudi of Varadarāja 1849-52 and the first part of the Mahabhashya of Patanjali in 1856, for the first time opening native Indian grammatical tradition to a wider European scholarly audience.


  • Hindustani Grammar and Exercises, 1838
  • Mahratta Grammar, 1839
  • Elements of Hindu and Braj-Bhaka Grammar, 1839
  • Hindustani Selections, 1840
  • Pocket Guide to Hindustani Conversation, 4th ed. 1841
  • Persian Calligraphy, 2 ed. 1842
  • Practical Oriental Interpreter, 1843
  • Catechism of Sanskrit Grammar, 2 ed. 1845
  • Christianity Contrasted with Indian Philosophy, 1859
  • First Lessons in Sanskrit Grammar', 3 ed. 1862


  1. ^   Lane-Poole, Stanley (1885). "Ballantyne, James Robert". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co.