James Pollock (born 1943, South Dakota) is an American artist living in Pierre, South Dakota. Pollock has been characterized as a painter whose work is a bridge between the abstract and the concrete. His style varies widely, sometimes drawing on the abstract styles reminiscent of artists of the early 20th-century Bauhaus school, characterized by strong lines and bold colors, sometimes resembling ancient cave paintings, and sometimes straightforward renderings of landscapes and objects." Pollock is an active plein air painter and member of the South Dakota Plein Air Artists movement.
1943 (age 79–80)
|Notable work||Looking Down the Trail, 1967, National Museum of the U.S. Army, Set of 5 Centennial Posters, 1983, South Dakota State Historical Society Dakota Survival, 1979, pen and ink drawing of three bison in a snowstorm|
|Awards||Artist of the Year, South Dakota Hall of Fame, 1980|
Early years and education Edit
Pollock grew up in Pollock, a small town in north-central South Dakota, and was named after his great-grandfather Robert Y. Pollock. Pollock had an early interest in art which was encouraged by an aunt. In 1965 he graduated with a major in art from South Dakota State University, Brookings, South Dakota.
US Army Vietnam Combat Artists Program Edit
In 1966 James Pollock was drafted into the US Army. In 1967 while working as a postal clerk at Camp Ames army base in South Korea Pollock applied for assignment to the U. S. Army Vietnam Combat Artists Program. He was accepted into the program and from 15, August 1967 through December 31, 1967 he served on U. S Army Vietnam Combat Artist Team IV (CAT IV). Art completed by Pollock during his assignment as a Vietnam soldier-artist is in the permanent U.S. Army Art Collection, maintained by the U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH), Washington, D.C. Pollock's art has been included in traveling exhibits organized by the U.S Army Center of Military History. The collection of the Emil A. Blackmore Museum in Indianapolis, Indiana also includes a piece of Pollock's art from the Vietnam Era.
From October 27, 2000, through January 7, 2001, Pollock's work produced while a member of the Vietnam Combat Artists Program was exhibited in THE ART OF COMBAT: Artists and the Vietnam War, Then and Now, mounted by the Indianapolis Art Center in Indiana.
In 2003 James Pollock presented a lecture about the U. S. Army Vietnam Combat Artists Program at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. sponsored by the Library of Congress Professional Association (LCPA) Veterans Forum in the Mary Pickford Theater. This was the first public presentation where the historical collection of Vietnam War art was presented in the context of individual artists and their particular teams and time frames.
In 2010 the National Constitution Center in partnership with the U.S. Army Center of Military History and the National Museum of the United States Army presented a major exhibit entitled Art of the American Soldier that included pieces done by Pollock during his service in the Vietnam Combat Artists Program.
Post-military art career Edit
After discharge from the army, Pollock worked as staff artist for Dakota North Plains Corporation, (publishers of the DAKOTA FARMER magazine) in Aberdeen, South Dakota. In 1973 Pollock went to work as a graphic artist and illustrator for the State of South Dakota making design and illustrative contributions to state publications including the SOUTH DAKOTA CONSERVATION DIGEST.
In 1976 Pollock produced a set of 10 limited edition silkscreen prints depicting the terrain and wildlife of South Dakota that were exhibited for sale at Mount Rushmore. DAKOTA SURVIVAL, a print of a pen and ink drawing of three bison in a prairie blizzard proved the most popular.
In the mid 1970s eight South Dakota artists, including Pollock, banded together and formed the South Dakota Western Artists Association (SDWAA).
James Pollock was named Artist of the Year by the South Dakota Cowboy and Western Heritage Hall of Fame (now known as South Dakota Hall of Fame) in 1980, the first year the award was given.
In 1983 Pollock was commissioned to produce a series of posters for the South Dakota Centennial Project.
In 1985 Pollock began experimenting and creating art with a computer.
In 1987. Pollock was chosen to design the first issue gold and silver bullion pieces for the State of South Dakota. The design of two bison standing on the prairie (referred to as the double bison) appears on one side, the official South Dakota State Seal appears on the other side. Pollock was appointed to the South Dakota Arts Council in 1988 by then Governor George S. Mickelson. In 1992 James Pollock and two other South Dakota artists, (Mick Harrison and Norm Feugen) traveled to Calgary, Alberta, Canada and exhibited their art in the USA Pavilion at EQUI-FAIR 92.
In 1999 Yugoslav artist Zlatko Vasic organized an exhibition titled The Last Waltz at the Greek Cultural Center in Stockholm, Sweden to raise money to restore the Museum of Modern Art in Belgrade. The exhibit featured original art by 11 artists from four countries including the United States, Sweden, Italy and Yugoslavia. James Pollock was one of 4 Americans invited to participate.
James Pollock was one of seven South Dakota Plein Aire Artists (SDPAA) invited by the South Dakota Symphony Orchestra to sketch, paint and interpret music live on stage during the performance of Pictures at an Exhibition at a 2005 concert in the Washington Pavilion in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. This mixing of live symphonic music and artists painting live on stage in front of a public audience was the first of its kind in South Dakota.
In 2009, Pollock chronicled his experience in the Vietnam Combat Artists Program in an essay entitled "US Army Soldier-Artists in Vietnam" for "War, Literature & the Arts: An International Journal of the Humanities" published by the department of English and Fine Arts, United States Air Force Academy.
In June 2015, South Dakota Public Broadcasting interviewed combat artist James Pollock about his experiences in the Vietnam Combat Art Program.
In September 2017, South Dakota Public Broadcasting produced a video about the Vietnam Combat Artists Program entitled "The Art of War" as part of their SD Vietnam Stories project produced to accompany the broadcast of Ken Burns' "The Vietnam War" series. James Pollock was interviewed about his participation in the program.
In August 2018, Pollock was named the Harvey Dunn Award winner at a Plein Air painting competition in DeSmet, South Dakota. Eighty-three artists from six states competed for the honor. Harvey Dunn, born on a homestead farm near DeSmet, was a successful illustrator, teacher, and was selected by the American Expeditionary Forces as an official artist during WWI. The Harvey Dunn Society acknowledges his legacy through this annual award.
In October 2018, Pollock, in collaboration with poet Steve Boint, published a book of art and poetry entitled "Sketchbook 91-1-1."
LOOKING DOWN THE TRAIL, Watercolor, by James Pollock, CAT IV, 1967
DOOR GUNNER, Pen and Ink, by James Pollock, CAT IV, 1967
WAITING INTERROGATION,199th LT INF BG, Watercolor, by James Pollock, CAT IV, 1967
FIELD HAIRCUT AT BIG RED ONE, Ink/Watercolor wash, by James Pollock, CAT IV, 1967
OLD VIETNAMESE MAN, Ink Wash, by James Pollock, CAT IV, 1967
LOCALS, Oil, by James Pollock, CAT IV, 1967
CAMPFIRE LYRICS, Acrylic on Arches, exhibited at "The Last Waltz", Greek Cultural Center, Stockholm, Sweden, 1999. Copyright 1990 James Pollock.
THE FLOWER VENDOR, Acrylic. Copyright 1990 James Pollock.
BIRD IN A FLOWER PATCH, Acrylic. Copyright 1990 James Pollock.
ANIMAL CLOWN, Abstract Watercolor. Copyright 2002 James Pollock.
DAKOTA SUNSET, Plein air work completed on location as the sun was setting on the prairies of South Dakota. Copyright 2006 James Pollock.
PUFFY II, Acrylic, Copyright 2009 James Pollock.
- Harry F. Thompson, General Editor, Ron Robinson and others, "A New South Dakota History" 2nd. Ed. (Center for Western Studies, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 2009) Chapter 20, p. 402 ISBN 978-0-931170-00-3
- Arts Alive, South Dakota, "Plein air painting brings artists together outdoors" (Vol. 9, Issue 3 Spring/Summer 2007. South Dakotans for the Arts and South Dakota Arts Council, Lead, South Dakota) pp. 1–2
- Pollock, James (1989). "Jim Pollock Sketches his Home State" (South Dakota Magazine, July/August 1989, Vol. 5 No. 2, ISSN 0886-2680 Yankton, South Dakota) pp. 14–19
- James Pollock, "U. S. Army Soldier Artists in Vietnam," War, Literature & the Arts, An International Journal of the Humanities, (Volume 21, 2009, ISSN 1046-6967 Published by the Department of English and Fine Arts, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado), pp. 247–272. (in public domain). essay; and artwork Archived May 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- South Dakota History, "Robinson Museum, Vietnam War Art" (South Dakota State Historical Society Quarterly, Volume 10, No. 2, Spring, 1980, Pierre, South Dakota), (pp. 176–177)
- South Dakota Legion News, "Pierre Artist's Work in National Museum" (South Dakota Legion News, Sept. 1978, Vol. 45 No. 10)
- THE ART OF COMBAT, Artists of the Vietnam War, Then and Now, (Indianapolis Art Center, Indianapolis, Indiana, publication accompanying October 27, 2000 – January 7, 2001 exhibit) pp. 4–5
- Sarah Rouse, "Pictures Tell Story of U.S. Army Combat Art Program," Library of Congress The Gazette, a weekly newspaper for the Library Staff (Volume 14, No 30, September 5, 2003 ISSN 1049-8184, James Madison Memorial Building LM5, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.) p. 11.
- Prairie Pioneer, "Pollock Gives Presentation at the Library of Congress" (Prairie Pioneer, July 31, 2003, Vol 25, No 31, Pollock, South Dakota) p.1
- "Art of the American Soldier". National Constitution Center. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- Warren Overlie, "Artist for the Dakotas" (Prairies, Spring 1980, Vol 5, No 3, Ashley, North Dakota) (Cover story, pp. 4–8)
- Mitchel Daily Republic, "S. D. artist displays art at Springfield" (February 21, 1980, Mitchell, South Dakota) p. 8
- Ken Erickson, "A small world of art and so many steps," (Rapid City Journal, Sunday May 16, 1976. Rapid City, South Dakota)
- Bob Mercer, "Art-driven Pollock native is a Missouri River Lover" (Aberdeen American News, Thursday, August 17, 1989, Aberdeen, South Dakota) p. 1A
- Aberdeen American News, "Western Art Spotlighted", (Aberdeen American News, Friday February 4, 1977, Aberdeen, South Dakota) p. V-4
- "Inductees, Jim Pollock". South Dakota Hall of Fame Website. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Suzanne Malich, "Project Launched to Mark South Dakota Centennial". (Rapid City Journal, October 29, 1985, Rapid City, South Dakota) p. 5
- Jim Files, "Pollock Designs Gold Piece" (April 29, 1987, Mobridge Tribune, Mobridge, South Dakota) p.3
- The Arts, "New Council Members Selected" (Vol. 4, No. 1 Fall, 1988, South Dakota Arts Council, Sioux Falls, South Dakota) p.3
- Aberdeen American News, "Trio of South Dakota Artists Exhibiting at Canadian Fair", (Aberdeen American News, Tuesday, September 8, 1992, Aberdeen, South Dakota)
- Pierre Capital Journal, "Stockholm Exhibit to Include Pollock", (Pierre Capital Journal, Monday, November 8, 1999, Pierre, South Dakota) p. 11
- Prairie Pioneer, "Artists Collaborate with SD Symphony" (Prairie Pioneer, Thursday, May 19, 2005, Pollock, South Dakota) p.7
- Plein Air Magazine, "En Couleur, South Dakota" (Plein Air Magazine, August 2005, Vol 2, Issue 8, Streamline Publishing, Inc. W. Palm Beach, FL) p. 31
- "War, Literature & the Arts: An International Journal of the Humanities". The department of English and Fine Arts, United States Air Force Academy. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- "SDPB Radio MIDDAY with Karl Gehrke June 10, 2015". South Dakota Public Broadcasting. Retrieved September 13, 2017.
- "The Art of War". South Dakota Public Broadcasting. Retrieved September 4, 2017.[permanent dead link]
- Prairie Pioneer, "Artists of the Black Hills elect officers, make plans for First Annual Art Show" (Prairie Pioneer, Thursday, September 15, 2005, Pollock, South Dakota) p.11
- Prairie Pioneer, "James Pollock is Recipient of Harvey Dunn Society Award" (Prairie Pioneer, Thursday, August 28, 2018, Pollock, South Dakota) p.1
- James Pollock's Website
- Artists of the Black Hills
- South Dakota Artists Network
- Article about Jim Pollock helping Heather Englehart become a soldier artist in Iraq
- Another article about Pollock and soldier artist Englehart
- Humanities Magazine September/October 2011: Volume 32, Number 5[permanent dead link]
- About light and dark in peace and war and a piece of Vietnam Capital Journal (South Dakota), January 17, 2014.
- Stacey Evangelista interview with plein air artist James Pollock
- Drawing fire by Lance Nixon, Capital Journal (South Dakota), January 23, 2014.
- A photograph of a war is different from a painting “that’s not rocket science” by Dave Askins, Capital Journal (South Dakota), April 20, 2018.
- Combat artists share ware experiences by Kerri Lawrence, National Archives News, April 9, 2018
- National Aarchives Facebook Combat Art Panel
- US Army Soldier-Artists in Vietnam (CAT IV, 15 August to 31 December, 1967) by James Pollock, War, Literature & the Arts: An International Journal of the Humanities, free downloadable PDF South Dakota State University Open PRAIRIE repository/2009 Volume 21
- SDPB Radio Interview MIDDAY Karl Gehrke interviews James Pollock, June 10, 2015.
- Pollock named Harvey Dunn Award winner at DeSmet art event by Jody Heemstra, August 17, 2018.
- Pollock Receives Harvey Dunn Award The Daily Plainsman, No 96, Friday, August 17, 2018, Page 6.
- Pollock Receives Harvey Dunn Award Capital Journal, Vol 138, No 163, Page A3.