James McBride (politician)
James McBride (February 9, 1802 – December 18, 1875) was an American politician, educator, and patriarch of a political family in the state of Oregon. A native of Tennessee, he served in the Oregon Territorial Legislature and as United States Minister to Hawaii, as well as one of the founders of the Oregon Republican Party. Two of his sons served in the United States Congress, while a third served on the Oregon Supreme Court.
|1st United States Minister to Hawaii|
June 19, 1863 – July 26, 1866
|President||Abraham Lincoln |
|Preceded by||Thomas J. Dryer (as Commissioner)|
|Succeeded by||Edward M. McCook|
|Born||February 9, 1802|
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Died||December 18, 1875 (aged 73)|
St. Helens, Oregon, U.S.
|Relations||George L. Woods|
|Children||George W. McBride|
John R. McBride
Thomas A. McBride
|Profession||Politician, diplomat, physician|
James McBride was born near present-day Nashville, Tennessee, on February 9, 1802. He was educated in Nashville and then moved to Missouri where he married Mahala Miller in Springfield on June 20, 1830. Together they had fourteen children. James practiced medicine there before the family immigrated to Oregon Country in 1846 settling near Lafayette, Oregon. In Oregon he taught school, practiced medicine, farmed, and preached.
In 1863, McBride was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as Minister to the Kingdom of Hawaii. During his time in that position he began the negotiations with Russia for the purchase of Alaska, and then later was involved in settling the Beresford Incident with Great Britain. He served until 1866, retired from government service in 1867 and settled at St. Helens, Oregon.
Two of McBride's sons served in the United States Congress representing Oregon: George W. McBride served as a Senator and John R. McBride served as a Representative. Another son, Thomas A. McBride, was chief justice of the Oregon Supreme Court, and a daughter, Louisa, married Oregon's third governor, George L. Woods.
- Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
- "James McBride". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- Escott, Walter (1912). "At the Court of the Kamehamehas: An American Diplomat in Hawaii During the Civil War". The Overland Monthly, Vol. LX, Second Series. San Francisco: The Overland Monthly Co., Publishers. pp. 419–426.