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James Marley (6 May 1893 – 11 April 1954) was a schoolmaster and a Labour politician who sat in the House of Commons between December 1923 and October 1924 and, again, between May 1929 and October 1931. He was both the seventh and ninth MP for St Pancras (North).

James Marley
James Marley.png
James Marley, circa 1917
Member of Parliament
for St Pancras (North)
Personal details
Born(1893-05-06)6 May 1893
Shotts, Lanarkshire
Died(1954-04-11)11 April 1954
Bromley, Kent
NationalityBritish
Political partyLabour

At the 1923 general election held on 6 December, Marley won his first seat in Parliament with a majority of 2,872 votes; unseating the sitting Unionist MP,John William Lorden.[1] in what resulted in the first minority Labour government. It was a short-lived victory for him and, in a hung parliament, his seat was taken, at the 1924 general election by Conservative, Ian Fraser (later Baron Fraser of Lonsdale). He remained in politics, however, and was re-elected to the St Pancras North seat once again in May 1929, and retained the seat until 27 October 1931, when he fell prey again to a hung parliament, the seat being regained by Ian Fraser of the Conservative Party.

Contents

BiographyEdit

James was the son of William Marley (1869–1948) and Margaret Shannon (1874–1922). He was born in Shotts, Lanarkshire, Scotland and moved to London in 1917 to take up a teaching post at St Dominic's Boys' School in Hampstead (1917–19). During this time, he met and married his wife Alice Louise Pilgrim (1880–1945) the daughter of William Pilgrim, (1845–1922) an Inspector for the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and a former policeman for the London Metropolitan Police. The marriage between James Marley and Alice Louise Pilgrim took place in Shotts, Lanarkshire on 16 May 1920. Marley died in Bromley, Kent in April 1954, aged 60.

Marley worked at the following schools[2] in Scotland and London:

  • 1915–1916 St Francis Xavier's School, Carfin, Motherwell, Scotland
  • 1917–1919 St Dominic's Boys' School, Hampstead, London
  • 1919 :::::: St Peter's Italian R.C. School, Herbal Hill, Holborn, London
  • 1919–1923 St Dominic's Boys' School, Hampstead, London
  • 1925–1929 St Francis Boys' School, North Kensington, London

EducationEdit

Gandhi's visit to the UKEdit

In September 1931, Marley was amongst those who welcomed Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi at Folkestone when he visited the United Kingdom for the second Round Table conference.[4][5][6]

Robeson AffairEdit

In April 1929, the African-American concert singer Paul Robeson was refused entry to a London hotel. He wrote to Marley complaining about his treatment and the letter was made public, causing uproar in the UK and the US. The matter led to a debate in Parliament later that year (October 1929) into racial discrimination by English hotels.[7][8][9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hayes Peoples History
  2. ^ FindmyPast – Teacher Certification
  3. ^ Black, A & C, "Who was Who" 1920–2008, Online Edition, OUP, December 2007
  4. ^ Gandhi at Folkestone on YouTube
  5. ^ "The Round Table: Arrival of the Delegates – Mr Gandhi in London", 14 September 1931
  6. ^ Pennybacker, S. D., From Scottsboro to Munich, Princeton University Press, p 175
  7. ^ Robeson, P. The undiscovered Paul Robeson: an artist's journey, 1898–1939 (p 157), John Wiley and Sons, 2001
  8. ^ Freedomways, "Paul Robeson: The Great Forerunner", International Publishers Co, 1998
  9. ^ "Colour Bar in London", Manchester Guardian, 23 October 1929
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Lorden
Member of Parliament for St Pancras North
19231924
Succeeded by
Ian Fraser
Preceded by
Ian Fraser
Member of Parliament for St Pancras North
19291931
Succeeded by
Ian Fraser