James Jardine mean sea level. He built tunnels and bridges, including for the Innocent Railway, and built reservoirs including Glencorse, Threipmuir, Harlaw for Edinburgh Water Company, and Cobbinshaw for the Union Canal.(13 November 1776–20 June 1858) was a Scottish civil engineer, mathematician and geologist. He was the first person to determine
Jardine was born in Applegarth, Dumfriesshire, on 30 November 1776, the son of a farmer. He was educated at Dumfries Academy and the University of Edinburgh. He studied mathematics under Prof John Playfair. He was a friend of Thomas Telford and they collaborated on several projects
In 1819 he was appointed as the first engineer for the newly formed Edinburgh Water Company. He built an 8.5-mile (13.7 km) pipeline from the Crawley springs, completed in 1823, which provided Edinburgh's first reliable supply of drinking water from outside the city. With Thomas Telford acting as chief designer, he oversaw the construction of a new reservoir at Glencorse, chiefly designed to supply compensation water to enable mills on the River Esk to continue operating, after some of the water from the Glencorse Burn was extracted to boost water supplies for Edinburgh. He was also involved at the start of construction of two more reservoirs for the Edinburgh Water Company, at Threipmuir and Harlaw, but they were completed by James Leslie in 1847 and 1848, as he retired in 1846. Following his work on the Glencorse Reservoir, he was commissioned to undertake similar improvements in Perth, Dumfries and Glasgow. He re-engineered Loch Leven, reducing its water level by creating the Leven Cut, its first outlet. He did much of the engineering on the Union Canal, including creation of Cobbinshaw Reservoir as its water supply.
From 1826 he worked on the Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway line, creating its St. Leonards branch, now commonly called the Innocent Railway. This includes a tunnel under the southern edge of Arthur's Seat plus the Glenesk Viaduct. He then embarked on other, more northerly railway projects: Ardrossan (1827), Threave (1825), Inveralmond (1827).
He retired at age 70 in 1846. He died at home, 18 Queen Street, a ground floor and basement, main-door flat at one of the most prestigious addresses in Edinburgh. He never married and had no children.
He is buried in Warriston Cemetery, in the upper section, on the main east west path near the old East Gate. He is buried with other family members including his nephew William Alexander Jardine (1811-1886) who was also a civil engineer. His gravestone is currently (2019) lying flat on its face having been toppled by a tree falling in strong winds in 2018.
He is known to have trained the railway engineer Alexander Adie. and the civil engineer James Anderson. He was a long time friend of the botanist Daniel Ellis who was also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and they attended Society meetings together.
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- Scottish National Portrait Gallery, notes on display
- Waterston & Shearer 2006, p. 485.
- Skempton, A. W. (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland: 1500-1830. Thomas Telford. p. 359. ISBN 978-0-7277-2939-2.
- Binnie 1981, pp. 96–97, 281.
- "James Jardine from The Gazetteer for Scotland". Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- Buildings of Scotland: Edinburgh by Gifford McWilliam and Walker
- Binnie 1981, p. 97.
- Waterston & Shearer 2006, p. 6.
- Skempton, A. W. (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland: 1500–1830. Thomas Telford. pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-0-7277-2939-2.
- &C, J. C. LOUDON, F. L. S. H. S. (1841). the gardeners magazine.
- Gazetteer for Scotland: James Jardine