James Holzhauer

James Holzhauer (born c. 1984/1985) is an American game show contestant and professional sports gambler.[1] He is the third-highest-earning American game show contestant of all time and is best known for his 32-game winning streak as champion on the quiz show Jeopardy! from April to June 2019, during which he set multiple single-game records for winnings, and for winning the following Tournament of Champions that November.[2]

James Holzhauer
JamesHolzhauerTheChase.jpg
Holzhauer on The Chase in 2014
Bornc. 1984/1985 (age 34–35)
Alma materUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
Occupation
Known for32-time Jeopardy! champion
Spouse(s)
Melissa Sassin (m. 2012)
Children1

Holzhauer won $2,464,216 in his 33 appearances making him the second-highest winner in Jeopardy! regular-play (non-tournament) winnings and number of games won, behind only Ken Jennings, who won $2,522,700 in 75 episodes in 2004.[3] His $250,000 top prize in the Tournament of Champions and $250,000 runner-up prize in the Greatest of All Time Tournament brought his total to $2,964,216, making him still the third-highest winning Jeopardy! contestant, behind Jennings and Brad Rutter.[4] Holzhauer also set the single-game winnings record with $131,127.[5] Based on his success on Jeopardy!, he has been nicknamed "Jeopardy James".[6][7][8]

Early life and educationEdit

Born c. 1984/1985,[9] Holzhauer was born and raised in Naperville, Illinois.[10][11] His father was a German immigrant.[11][12] His grandmother was Japanese and spoke very little English; he had promised her that he would appear on Jeopardy! before she died.[13] In 1989, when he was four, his teacher was astounded by his arithmetic abilities and developed advanced classwork just for him. At age seven, he was moved up to a fifth-grade math class, and at his mother's urging he skipped second grade. He consistently got A's on math tests and competed on the Naperville North High School math team.[citation needed]

Despite high marks on individual tests, he was a C student overall, as he often skipped class and homework on the grounds that he could use the time more productively, such as playing online poker. Holzhauer memorized obscure baseball and professional wrestling statistics, prompting his parents to reprimand him for "wasting his life" learning about sports.[11]

Holzhauer was a member of the Worldwide Youth in Science and Engineering Team that won the state competition at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign; he contributed by taking first place in physics and second in math.[12] He graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics in 2005.[14][15]

Game show appearancesEdit

The ChaseEdit

Holzhauer appeared on the American version of the quiz show The Chase on September 2, 2014,[16] internationally produced by ITV Studios. In his first round, a one-minute round called the Cash Builder, he correctly answered 12 questions out of 14 posed by host Brooke Burns; the last question was asked just before time expired and was quickly passed on by Holzhauer. His score set a record for the Cash Builder that was never surpassed during the show's run.[17]

In his second round, he faced Mark Labbett to determine whether he would advance to the final round and add money to the team prize pool. Holzhauer had a choice of three amounts to play for: $60,000 based on his score in the Cash Builder, $30,000 to reduce the difficulty of the round; and $120,000, which would increase the difficulty. He chose to play for $60,000; after the show he said that the odds did not favor playing for the maximum amount and that it was not worth the gamble.[17]

The Chase was played head-to-head, with the players using hidden buttons to select multiple-choice answers. Holzhauer advanced to the finals and added to the prize pool with a score of five right and one wrong. Labbett scored a perfect five, with his final answer not revealed since Holzhauer had already achieved the necessary points to win the round.[18]

In the Final Chase round (as team leader with two other contestants also participating), he defeated Labbett by a score of 26 to 9, earning a $58,333.33 share of the $175,000 team prize pool.[19] By answering 19 questions correctly for his team, he set a Final Chase record, which was also never surpassed.[17]

Bob Boden, the producer of The Chase, was impressed by his performance and had Holzhauer audition to join the show as a colleague of Labbett.[20]

500 QuestionsEdit

Holzhauer appeared on the American quiz show 500 Questions on May 22, 2015.[21] This show did not allow the challenger to replace the champion unless the champion answered three questions wrong in a row. The incumbent champion, Steve Bahnaman, prevailed over Holzhauer, who did not receive any winnings.[22]

Jeopardy!Edit

Holzhauer appeared on 33 episodes of Season 35 of the American quiz show Jeopardy!, from April 4[23][24] to June 3, 2019.[25][26]

During his first game, he won $43,680, which was the largest single-game total to that point in Season 35. In his fourth game, which aired on April 9, he broke the previous single-game Jeopardy! winnings record ($77,000, set by Roger Craig in 2010) by winning $110,914.[27]

During his 33 appearances, Holzhauer exceeded Craig's single-day total 16 times (see table below), including a new all-time record set on April 17, when he won $131,127.[28][29] He is also the first and only player to win $100,000 or more in a single episode,[30] a feat he accomplished six times.[31] His $298,687 total winnings across his first five days[32] surpassed the five-day record set by Frank Spangenberg in 1990 before the changes in the values of the clues. Holzhauer is the only contestant to date to do so.[33] Holzhauer won a total of $2,464,216, averaging $75,362 per episode—a 33-day average that nearly equaled the previous all-time single-day record.[34][35]

Fellow Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings has likened this feat to "a basketball player notching 70-point games for an entire season or a baseball player hitting for the cycle in every game".[36] Holzhauer's average winnings were more than the estimated $43,000 per episode that host Alex Trebek earns.[37]

Holzhauer was defeated in his 33rd game, which aired on June 3, 2019, and was watched by 14.5 million people.[25][38] The winner, Emma Boettcher, used many of the same strategies Holzhauer used during his run.[39]

In July 2019, Jeopardy! confirmed that Holzhauer would return for the Tournament of Champions in November.[40] Holzhauer won both his quarterfinal and semifinal games to advance to the final round, which featured a rematch against Boettcher, who was invited separately and also won her first two tournament games.[41] Holzhauer won the two-day final, winning the first game by a larger margin than Boettcher won the second and claiming the $250,000 top prize.[2]

The following week, Jeopardy! announced that Holzhauer would compete against Jennings and Rutter in prime-time specials for a million-dollar prize in Jeopardy! The Greatest of All Time, which aired in January 2020.[42] Holzhauer won one match in the tournament, but lost to Jennings in the other matches, and received the runner-up prize of $250,000.[43]

Regular play winningsEdit

Game No. Air Date Final score Cumulative Winnings Notes
1 April 4 $43,680 $43,680
2 April 5 $38,926* $82,606
3 April 8 $50,845 $133,451
4 April 9 $110,914† $244,365 First breaks single-day winnings record (previously $77,000)[12]
5 April 10 $54,322 $298,687
6 April 11 $27,190 $325,877 Only game during his 32-day winning streak in which he failed to give a correct response in Final Jeopardy[44][45]
7 April 12 $89,158 $415,035
8 April 15 $45,444 $460,479 Reached second-place on all-time Jeopardy! regular play winnings list[46]
9 April 16 $106,181† $566,660
10 April 17 $131,127† $697,787 Broke his own single-day winnings record[47]
11 April 18 $74,133 $771,920
12 April 19 $80,006 $851,926
13 April 22 $90,812† $942,738
14 April 23 $118,816† $1,061,554 Became second Jeopardy! contestant to win $1 million in regular gameplay winnings[48]
15 April 24 $73,621 $1,135,175 Moved into #10 on American game show winnings list, including $58,333 he won in 2014 on The Chase
16 April 25 $90,812† $1,225,987 Moved up to #9 on American game show winnings list
17 April 26 $49,600 $1,275,587
18 April 29 $54,017* $1,329,604 Narrowest margin of victory, winning by $18.[49] Challenger Adam Levin's final total of $53,999 is the highest second place regular play total in Jeopardy! history.[50]
19 April 30 $96,726† $1,426,330
20 May 1 $101,682† $1,528,012 Moved up to #8 on American game show winnings list
21 May 2 $80,615 $1,608,627 Passes Julia Collins for second-longest winning streak in regular play.[51]
22 May 3 $82,381 $1,691,008 Holzhauer's run went on a two-week hiatus while Jeopardy! aired the Teachers Tournament following this episode
23 May 20 $89,229† $1,780,237 Moved up to #6 on American game show winnings list
24 May 21 $86,905 $1,867,142 Moved up to #5 on American game show winnings list
25 May 22 $71,885 $1,939,027
26 May 23 $52,108* $1,991,135
27 May 24 $74,400 $2,065,535 Became second Jeopardy! contestant to win $2 million in regular gameplay winnings.[52]
28 May 27 $130,022† $2,195,557 Moved to #4 on American game show winnings list
29 May 28 $59,381 $2,254,938
30 May 29 $69,033 $2,323,971
31 May 30 $58,612 $2,382,583
32 May 31 $79,633 $2,462,216
33 June 3 $24,799‡ $2,464,216 Defeated by challenger Emma Boettcher, who finished the game with $46,801.[25] Holzhauer trailed Boettcher heading into Final Jeopardy!, the first time he trailed a challenger at that point of the game. He was awarded the standard $2,000 prize for finishing second place.[53]
† Green background denotes an addition to Holzhauer's exclusive hold of the top ten positions on Jeopardy!'s single-day winnings list
* Yellow background denotes game which was not a runaway (lead going into Final Jeopardy round could not guarantee a win).
‡ Red background denotes game in which Holzhauer is defeated.

Tournament playEdit

Round Air Date Final Score Cumulative Winnings Notes
2019 Jeopardy! Tournament of Champions
QF November 6, 2019 $30,635[54] $2,714,216
SF November 12, 2019 $30,156[41]
F1 November 14, 2019 $49,326[2] Aggregate total of $57,753 surpassed his nearest opponent Emma Boettcher, though Boettcher had the higher score in game two of the final.[2] Holzhauer wins first place prize of $250,000, and moved up to #3 on American game show winnings list.
F2 November 15, 2019 $27,597†
Greatest of All Time
Match.Game Air Date Final Score Cumulative Winnings Notes
1.1 January 7, 2020 33,200 $2,964,216 Holzhauer lost game one to Jennings and won game two. However, his aggregate total for match one (63,200) was less than the 63,400 points by Ken Jennings, the winner of the match.[55]
1.2 30,000†
2.1 January 8, 2020 44,314† Finished in first place with an aggregate total for match two of 82,414. Holzhauer and Jennings were tied at one match apice.[56]
2.2 38,100†
3.1 January 9, 2020 27,200 Aggregate total for match 3 (33,692) was less than the 67,600 points by Jennings, who won the match. Jennings led the tournament, with two matches to Holzhauer's one.
3.2 6,492
4.1 January 14, 2020 34,181 Aggregate total for match 4 (34,181) was less than the 88,600 points by Jennings, who won the match and the tournament. Holzhauer earned the runner-up prize of $250,000.
4.2 0
Green background indicates a match won by Holzhauer. A † indicates Holzhauer won an individual game.
Red background indicates matches Holzhauer lost an individual game.

StrategiesEdit

Holzhauer took a two-pronged approach to play. He selected the highest-value clues first in an attempt to maximize the money he had available to wager when he hit a Daily Double.[57][58] This strategy does not always work, as a Daily Double is more likely to be behind a high-value clue, and often he hit the Daily Double before accumulating a large sum to wager. On Daily Doubles and during Final Jeopardy! clues, Holzhauer bet aggressively; his average wager on Daily Doubles was $9,000.[59]

While aggressive betting is disadvantageous if a player responds incorrectly, Holzhauer was correct on 72 of the 76 Daily Doubles he hit (94.7%). This strategy was not entirely new; Alex Jacob, also a professional gambler, used a similar strategy in his six regular-play wins in April 2015 as well as the 2015 Tournament of Champions, which he won.[60]

Excluding Daily Doubles and Final Jeopardy! wagers, Holzhauer's average score of $30,800 during his 32-episode winning streak (57% of the $54,000 available in each game) is higher than the $28,786 averaged by Jennings, who was far more conservative in his wagering; Holzhauer considered it more logical to make large bets that will usually pay off,[58] since, during the first 25 episodes of his winning streak, he averaged 35.5 correct and only 1.04 wrong responses per game.[61] On the episode he lost, he did not respond to any clues incorrectly.[59] He credited reading fact books written for children, with their heavy use of infographics, with allowing him to learn vast amounts of information in an easily digestible manner.[62] He took a year off from his occupation as a sports gambler to study for Jeopardy!.[63]

Response to gameplayEdit

Holzhauer's record-breaking winning streak attracted considerable reaction and media attention. When Holzhauer reached $1 million, Craig, who held the single-game winnings record before Holzhauer, said, "To me, it's clear that he's one of the top players of all time already."[6] Jennings said he was "just gobsmacked by James", adding, "It's absolutely insane what he's doing."[64] Of Holzhauer's strategies, Jennings said, "he's got these incredibly confident wagers. He's maximizing money. He can make two or three times what any other player ever has with that same level of play, which again is top-shelf. He's as good as anybody."[64][65] Jennings adopted Holzhauer's wagering strategy in the Greatest of All Time tournament, a factor in his victory.[66] Labbett, meanwhile, recalled Holzhauer's The Chase appearance as "the worst beating I've ever had", adding, "I've got to give Jeopardy! immense credit, and The Chase U.S.A. In Britain or Australia, James would not have made it onto television, because he's just too damn good. They would never have him on."[58]

Television ratingsEdit

Nielsen ratings for Jeopardy! rose 11% nationally during the first two weeks of Holzhauer's run[67] and as much as 50% in select local markets,[68] with a continuing upward trend over the course of his streak; by the fourth week of Holzhauer's run, ratings were up 30% nationwide[69] and had doubled in select markets.[70] Former Game Show Network executive Bob Boden said the ratings would help compensate for any short-term financial losses Holzhauer's run caused, and that the show's profitability up to this point (both Jeopardy! and sister program Wheel of Fortune combine to generate approximately $125 million in revenue while costing $100 million)[71] would allow them to absorb the increased payouts.[72] It was also noted that the improved ratings would not immediately allow the show to increase advertising rates, since those are set on a season-by-season basis as part of long-term ad buys.[71]

The highest-rated episode during Holzhauer's run was his final one, which at 14.5 million same-day viewers was the highest-rated episode since Jennings's last episode in 2004, the highest-rated episode of a syndicated show that season and the third-most-watched episode of a running series in the 2018–19 season (behind only the series-ending "The Stockholm Syndrome" episode of The Big Bang Theory and an episode of 60 Minutes that had led out of an NFL on CBS contest), not counting DVR or streaming views, the latter of which Jeopardy! does not offer.[73] The episode had been spoiled several hours before it aired on most affiliate stations; Sports Illustrated credited the spoilers with creating buzz, counteracting the conventional wisdom that people would not tune in without the element of surprise.[74] Even if the result had not been spoiled, Holzhauer was on pace to break Jennings's regular-play record that day had he won, which might also have had a part in the increased ratings.[75]

Gambling careerEdit

While a student at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Holzhauer played hearts and spades at a card club. The twice-a-week club quickly turned into a five-day-a-week home poker game with a 10-cent ante and $2 maximum bets. The poker game is where Holzhauer began gambling but he grew his sports betting bankroll in the 2006 World Baseball Classic. Believing the round-robin format of the tournament and variance in baseball had skewed the odds, he bet heavily on each team except the US and the Dominican Republic to win the tournament. After graduating from college, Holzhauer moved to Las Vegas in 2008 to bet professionally on sports. Holzhauer says he has built predictive models for baseball, NFL, and college basketball, but now focuses largely on in-game betting.[6]

Holzhauer debuted at the World Series of Poker in 2019. In his first event, he finished 454th out of approximately 1,800 contestants and did not win any prize money (he would have needed to finish at 281st or higher to win any prize money). His second event was a tag-team match in which he partnered with Mike Sexton.[76] He ultimately was knocked out as a solo contestant in round 17 of the tournament, with his most notable prize win being a $600 profit for finishing 92nd out of 1,867 on a No-Limit Hold'em Super Turbo Bounty game.[77]

Personal lifeEdit

On September 8, 2012, Holzhauer married Melissa Sassin, a tutor from Seattle, Washington.[23] Sassin has also been a game show contestant, appearing on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire in 2014 and winning $28,800.[23] Their daughter, Natasha, was born on November 9, 2014.[78]

Holzhauer frequently made inside references to important dates in his life with his Jeopardy! wagers, including family members' birthdays, his anniversary, and the date of the 2017 Las Vegas shooting.[62][79]

Holzhauer is a lifelong fan of the Chicago Cubs; he has said his dream job is a front-office position with the team and has actively sought employment in Major League Baseball.[80] Holzhauer has said that he was contractually obligated to a non-compete clause in an agreement with the Jeopardy! producers; it expired in January 2020.[81]

PhilanthropyEdit

Holzhauer said he intended to donate some of his Jeopardy! winnings to Las Vegas children's charities.[82] On April 7, 2019, he donated $10,000 to a Las Vegas organization for displaced teens.[83] On May 2, 2019, he was awarded a key to the Las Vegas Strip for his success on Jeopardy! and for his donations to children's charity organizations and other nonprofit organizations in the Las Vegas area.[84] In mid-2019, Holzhauer donated $1,109.14 (representing his daughter's birthday) to the 2019 Naperville Pancreatic Cancer Reach Walk in Illinois, in Alex Trebek's name.[85] On June 24, 2019, Holzhauer began participating in World Series of Poker events in Las Vegas. He plans to donate half his winnings to the Las Vegas nonprofit Project 150, which helps homeless, displaced and disadvantaged high school students.[86][87]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lawrence, Christopher (April 9, 2019). "Las Vegas sports gambler crushes Jeopardy record". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Baker, Suzanne (November 15, 2019). "Did James Holzhauer take the 'Jeopardy' Tournament of Champions crown? Or did Chicago librarian Emma Boettcher give him a run for the $250K prize?". Naperville Sun. Naperville, Illinois: Tribune Publishing. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  3. ^ Arnowitz, Gary Levin and Leora. "James Holzhauer is (finally) unseated as 'Jeopardy!' champion; how did it all come down?". USA TODAY. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  4. ^ "James Holzhauer". Biography. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  5. ^ "Jeopardy! Contestant Shatters His Own Record with $131,127 Single-Day Win". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c Purdum, David (April 23, 2019). "'They're going, oh s---'; inside the Jeopardy! James juggernaut". ESPN. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  7. ^ Metrick, Becky (April 30, 2019). "'Jeopardy James' runs away with 19th win". PennLive.com. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  8. ^ Jennings, Ken, in "'Jeopardy' champion Ken Jennings on James Holzhauer: 'It's really astounding what he's doing'". Chicago, Illinois: WLS-TV. May 28, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019. You know what bothers me, is when I hear 'Jeopardy James,' I'm like, no, no, no, no, I'm that guy. You can't put Jeopardy in front of his name! I used to be the Jeopardy guy.
  9. ^ Jacobs, Julia (May 7, 2019). "James Holzhauer Was Told to Smile to Get on 'Jeopardy!' He's Smiling Now". The New York Times. Retrieved June 20, 2019. Holzhauer, 34...
  10. ^ Baker, Suzanne (June 3, 2019). "After 32 Consecutive Wins, Naperville Native James Holzhauer Loses on 'Jeopardy!'". Naperville Sun. Naperville, Illinois: Tribune Publishing. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c Jacobs, Julia (May 7, 2019). "James Holzhauer Was Told to Smile to Get on 'Jeopardy!' He's Smiling Now". Retrieved June 20, 2019. His father, Juergen Holzhauer, a German immigrant who worked as an engineer for a chemical company for 32 years...
  12. ^ a b c Baker, Suzanne (April 10, 2019). "Naperville native sets new Jeopardy! record for 1-day winnings with $110,914; 4-day streak continues". Naperville Sun. Illinois: Tribune Publishing. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  13. ^ "James Holzhauer Pays Tribute to His Granny in His Latest Game". Heavy.com. April 17, 2019. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  14. ^ "Mathematics, BSLAS". University of Illinois Board of Trustees. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  15. ^ "Professional Sports Gambler James Holzhauer's Aggressive Style Paying Off on Jeopardy!". PokerNews. April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  16. ^ The Chase. Season 3. Episode 9. September 4, 2014. Game Show Network.
  17. ^ a b c "Jeopardy! Star James Holzhauer: Total Domination ...on another game show!!!". TMZ. April 25, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  18. ^ "James Holzhauer vs The Beast". Retrieved May 1, 2019 – via YouTube.
  19. ^ "The Chase Jeopardy's James Holzhauer Plays Sept 2, 2014". Retrieved April 19, 2019 – via YouTube.
  20. ^ Pinsker, Joe (April 24, 2019). "James Holzhauer Explains the Strategy Behind His Jeopardy Winning Streak". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  21. ^ 500 Questions. Season 1. Episode 3. May 22, 2015. ABC.
  22. ^ "The History of Holzhauer". kingjamesholzhauer.com. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  23. ^ a b c Cleary, Tom (April 16, 2019). "James Holzhauer's Wife Melissa Sassin Was on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire". Heavy.com. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  24. ^ Jeopardy!. Season 35. April 4, 2019. Syndication.
  25. ^ a b c Yahr, Emily (June 3, 2019). "James Holzhauer was on pace to break a 'Jeopardy' record today. Then this happened". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  26. ^ "Former 'Jeopardy!' champ explains James Holzhauer 'game-changing' phenomenon". USA Today. Chicago Sun-Times. April 25, 2019. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  27. ^ Maglio, Tony (April 9, 2019). "Jeopardy! Contestant Destroys Show's Single-Day Cash Winnings Record". The Wrap. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  28. ^ Purdum, David (April 18, 2019). "Jeopardy! champ adds $131K with perfect game". ESPN. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  29. ^ "Hall of Fame | Jeopardy.com". www.jeopardy.com. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  30. ^ Eadens, Savannah (April 29, 2019). "Chicago woman crushed by 'Jeopardy!' champ praises his 'focus,' buzzer technique". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  31. ^ Jeopardy!. Season 35. May 28, 2019. Syndication.
  32. ^ Jeopardy!. Season 35. April 10, 2019. Syndication.
  33. ^ Jeopardy!. Season 6. January 5, 1990. Syndication.
  34. ^ "Today's Final Jeopardy – June 3, 2019". The Jeopardy! Fan. June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  35. ^ Jeopardy!. Season 35. June 3, 2019. Syndication.
  36. ^ Jennings, Ken (May 19, 2019). "Ken Jennings: Why I'm rooting for James Holzhauer on 'Jeopardy!'". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  37. ^ Stelter, Brian (March 12, 2015). "Jeopardy! question: What did Alex Trebek just sign?". CNN. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  38. ^ Bauder, David (June 20, 2019). "'Jeopardy!' champ Holzhauer a winner in TV ratings, too". Associated Press. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  39. ^ Jacobs, Julia (June 3, 2019). "What Is a Spoiler? This Story About 'Jeopardy!' Phenom James Holzhauer". The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  40. ^ "Coming Soon: The 2019 Tournament of Champions". Jeopardy! official YouTube page. July 10, 2019. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  41. ^ a b Billings, Kevin (November 13, 2019). "Battle Of The Brains: 'Jeopardy!' Champs James Holzhauer vs. Emma Boettcher In Epic Showdown". ibitimes.com. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  42. ^ Pedersen, Erik (November 18, 2019). "'Jeopardy!'s All-Time Top Money Winners To Face Off In Primetime Tourney: Holzhauer, Jennings & Rutter". Deadline.
  43. ^ Talbott, Chris. "Ken Jennings, the Greatest of All Time". Seattle Times. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  44. ^ Jeopardy!. Season 35. April 11, 2019. Syndication.
  45. ^ Baker, Suzanne (April 11, 2019). "Naperville native tops $300K with latest 'Jeopardy!' win — even after missing final question". Naperville Sun. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  46. ^ Curtis, Charles (April 16, 2019). "Professional sports gambler is now 2nd place all-time on the 'Jeopardy!' money list". USA Today. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  47. ^ Baker, Suzanne (April 17, 2019). "Naperville native breaks single-day 'Jeopardy!' winning record — again — with $131K in winnings". Naperville Sun. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  48. ^ Frank, Allegra (May 3, 2019). "Jeopardy champion James Holzhauer's phenomenal winning streak, explained". Vox. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  49. ^ Zabarah, Ramy (April 30, 2019). "It was a 'Jeopardy!' double as champ James Holzhauer won his 18th game by $18". CNN. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  50. ^ Fan, The Jeopardy! (April 29, 2019). "Adam's $53,999 is the highest-ever regular-play non-winning score in the show's history. The previous record was held by Michael Cudahy ($44,400 on June 25, 2018), with an honorable mention to Steve Hettinger, who had $23,000 on March 10, 1998, before clue values were doubled. #Jeopardy". @_thejeopardyfan. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  51. ^ "Hall of Fame". Jeopardy.com. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  52. ^ Purdum, David. "Holzhauer is 2nd ever to pass $2M on 'Jeopardy!'". ESPN. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  53. ^ Sparks, Hannah (June 3, 2019). "Who is new 'Jeopardy!' champ Emma Boettcher?". New York Post. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  54. ^ https://www.reviewjournal.com/entertainment/tv/james-holzhauer-wins-his-1st-game-in-jeopardy-tournament-of-champions-1887398/
  55. ^ Here are the results from Day 1 of the 'Jeopardy!' Greatest of All Time, USA Today, January 7, 2020
  56. ^ Here are the results from Day 2 of the 'Jeopardy!' Greatest of All Time, USA Today, January 8, 2020
  57. ^ Stump, Scott (April 18, 2019). "A Las Vegas pro gambler is rewriting the Jeopardy! record book — here's how". Today. NBCUniversal. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  58. ^ a b c Pinsker, Joe (April 24, 2019). "James Holzhauer Explains the Strategy Behind His Jeopardy Winning Streak". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  59. ^ a b Pinsker, Joe (June 4, 2019). "How James Holzhauer Finally Lost". The Atlantic. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  60. ^ Jackson, Gita (July 9, 2019). "Provocative Jeopardy Champ Says HQ Trivia Owes Him $20,000 In Winnings". Kotaku.com. Retrieved July 9, 2019. During his run on Jeopardy, where Jacob both thrilled and frustrated fans by jumping around categories looking for Daily Doubles and then betting so much money that no one could overtake him(...)
  61. ^ Schwartz, Nick (May 23, 2019). "Here are the 27 'Jeopardy!' clues James Holzhauer has gotten wrong". USA Today. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  62. ^ a b Flynn, Meagan (April 10, 2019). "The secret weapon of the sports gambler who just broke the single-game 'Jeopardy!' record? Children's books". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  63. ^ Pous, Terri (May 4, 2019). "James Holzhauer is a Jeopardy genius. What's it like to compete against him?". Vox. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  64. ^ a b Barrett, Brian (April 19, 2019). "Jeopardy! Legend Ken Jennings on James Holzhauer: 'It's Absolutely Insane'". Wired.com. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  65. ^ Jensen, Erin (April 22, 2019). "Ken Jennings 'gobsmacked' by Jeopardy! champ James Holzhauer: 'It's absolutely insane'". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  66. ^ Ivie, Devon (January 15, 2020). "Ken Jennings Didn't Want to Compete in Jeopardy's Big Tournament, 'Which Sure Looks Pretty Dumb Now'". Vulture.com. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  67. ^ Levin, Gary (April 30, 2019). "Jeopardy! winning streak fuels game show's TV ratings". USA Today. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  68. ^ Pergament, Alan (April 25, 2019). "What is 'high Jeopardy ratings in WNY'?". The Buffalo News. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  69. ^ Porter, Rick (May 14, 2019). "'Jeopardy' Ratings Hit 14-Year High as James Holzhauer's Streak Continues". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  70. ^ Pergament, Alan (May 3, 2019). "A weekend binge recommendation, more Glor speculation, and soaring Jeopardy! ratings". The Buffalo News. New York. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  71. ^ a b Abramovitch, Seth (May 20, 2019). "James Holzhauer Returns to 'Jeopardy!' as Insiders Reveal Financial Details of a Record Streak". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  72. ^ Feingold, Spencer (April 23, 2019). "James Holzhauer Is Well Worth it for Jeopardy". Cheddar.com. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  73. ^ Adalian, Josef (June 18, 2019). "14.5 Million People Watched James Holzhauer Lose Jeopardy!". Vulture.com. New York. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  74. ^ Traina, Jimmy (June 4, 2019). "Traina Thoughts: James Holzhauer's Spoiled 'Jeopardy!' Loss Gets Same Ratings as NBA Finals". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  75. ^ Yahr, Emily (June 4, 2019). "'Jeopardy!' producer: 'Appropriate' action planned after leak of James Holzhauer's loss". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  76. ^ "'Jeopardy!' Champ James Holzhauer Finishes Out of Money at World Series of Poker Debut". New York Post. Associated Press. June 25, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  77. ^ "Jeopardy James Knocked out at Level 17 in WSOP Debut". KTNV. June 24, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  78. ^ Dessem, Matthew (April 10, 2019). "James Holzhauer Just Shattered the Jeopardy! One-Game Winnings Record". Slate. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  79. ^ Dewey, Todd. "James Holzhauer in his closest 'Jeopardy!' game yet". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  80. ^ "'Jeopardy!' champ James Holzhauer makes pitch for job with Cubs, throws Mariners into the mix". Yahoo! Sports. June 25, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  81. ^ Nagelhout, Ryan (December 19, 2019). "'Jeopardy!' Champion James Holzhauer Hinted His Next Job Might Be In Football". Uproxx. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  82. ^ "James Holzhauer gets 21st Jeopardy! win". WIVB-TV. May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  83. ^ "'Jeopardy!' champ Holzhauer donates $10K to help Las Vegas teens". Channel3000.com. May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  84. ^ Montero, David (May 3, 2019). "'Jeopardy!' sensation James Holzhauer is a winning hand for Las Vegas". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  85. ^ Schreiber, Hope (June 18, 2019). "'Jeopardy!' champion James Holzhauer donates to pancreatic cancer walk in Alex Trebek's name". Sunnyvale, California: Yahoo! Lifestyle. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  86. ^ "'Jeopardy!' champ, James Holzhauer, playing in World Series of Poker events in Las Vegas". ABC 13 Arizona. Associated Press. June 4, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  87. ^ "'Jeopardy!' champ playing in Las Vegas World Series of Poker". ABC. Retrieved June 25, 2019.

External linksEdit

Achievements
Preceded by
Austin Rogers, 2017–2018[1]
Biggest Jeopardy! winners by season
2018–2019[2]
Succeeded by
Jason Zuffranieri, 2019–2020
Preceded by
Austin Rogers, 2017–2018[3]
Biggest one-game winners on Jeopardy! by season
2018–2019[4]
Succeeded by
Jason Zuffranieri, 2019–2020
Preceded by
Buzzy Cohen
Jeopardy! Tournament of Champions winner
2019
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Frank Spangenberg, 1990[5]
$102,597 (1984–2001 values)
$205,194 (adjusted to 2001 rule change)
Biggest Jeopardy! regular play winnings leader (5 days)
$298,687
Current holder
Preceded by
Roger Craig, 2010[6]
$77,000
Biggest one-game winners on Jeopardy!
$110,914, then $131,127

2019[2][4]
Current holder
Preceded by
Philip Tiu, 2016[7]
$19,000
Largest successful Daily Double wager on Jeopardy!
$25,000

2019[2]
Current holder
Preceded by
Austin Rogers, 2017[3]
$34,000
Largest successful Final Jeopardy! wager on Jeopardy!
$38,314, then $60,013

2019[2][4]
Current holder
Preceded by
Elyse Mancuso[3]
$79,600
2012 Teen Tournament
Largest 2-day match total Jeopardy!
82,414

2020[8]
Succeeded by
Ken Jennings[9]
88,600
The Greatest of All Time (2020)
Preceded by
Roger Craig[3]
$18,000
2011 Tournament of Champions
Largest True Daily Double Wager Jeopardy!
20,200

2020[9]
Current holder

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Mandell, Nina (October 13, 2017). "America's favorite Jeopardy! contestant's run ends after $411,000 in winnings". USA Today. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Jeopardy!. Season 35. April 9, 2019. Syndication.
  3. ^ a b c d Jeopardy!. Season 34. October 3, 2017. Syndication.
  4. ^ a b c Jeopardy!. Season 35. April 17, 2019. Syndication.
  5. ^ Jeopardy!. Season 6. January 15, 1990. Syndication.
  6. ^ Jeopardy!. Season 27. September 14, 2010. Syndication.
  7. ^ "Jeopardy champ uses large wagers to win". WGBA-TV. March 16, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  8. ^ Jeopardy! The Greatest of All Time. Season 1. January 8, 2020. ABC.
  9. ^ a b Jeopardy! The Greatest of All Time. Season 1. January 14, 2020. ABC.