James Hay, 15th Earl of Erroll
This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Earl of Erroll
|Born||20 April 1726|
|Died||3 July 1778(aged 52)|
|Children||Augusta Hay |
George Hay (16th Earl of Erroll)
William Hay (17th Earl of Erroll)
Lady Margaret Hay
|Parent(s)||William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock|
Anne Livingston of Erroll
Born James Boyd, the eldest son of William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock and Lady Anne Livingston at Falkirk on 26 April 1726, he was known from 1728 to 1746, while his father was Earl of Kilmarnock, by the courtesy title of Lord Boyd.
During the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion his father, the Earl, sided with the Young Pretender, despite both James and his brother William then holding commissions under George II; James in the army, William in the navy. Remaining loyal to the Hanoverians, James then served at the Battle of Culloden, fighting on the opposite side to his father. During the rout following the Jacobite defeat, the Earl was captured and taken into the government camp, dishevelled and bareheaded, where he was reportedly recognised by James, who placed his own hat upon his father's head. This was the last time they were to meet, as the Earl was then transported to London where he was tried for treason and executed the following year; forfeiting all his lands and titles and thus depriving James of his inheritance.
In 1751 however, although the Earldom was abolished, James was permitted to inherit the Kilmarnock estates. These included Dean Castle, the former family seat which had been gutted by a fire in 1735. Trying to recoup some of his father's debts (which he had also inherited), James sold the ruined castle to the 13th Earl of Glencairn.
On 19 August 1758 he succeeded his maternal great-aunt, Mary Hay, 14th Countess of Erroll as the 15th Earl of Erroll,[i] simultaneously changing his surname from Boyd to Hay, as he and his descendants were henceforth known. Along with the title Earl of Erroll he also held the ceremonial hereditary office of Lord High Constable of Scotland.
Marriage and IssueEdit
- Lady Mary Hay (1754–?), married John Scott of Balcomie in 1770, divorced in 1771.
In 1762, he married Isabella Carr (1747–1808), daughter of Sir William Carr, and they had twelve children:
- George Hay, 16th Earl of Erroll (1767–1798)
- William Hay, 17th Earl of Erroll (1772–1819)
- Hon. James Hay (d. 1797)
- Lady Charlotte Hay (1763–1800), married Rev. William Holwell in 1797
- Lady Isabella Anne Hay (1765–1793)
- Lady Augusta Hay (1766–1822), married George Boyle, 4th Earl of Glasgow
- Lady Harriet Jane Hay (1768–1812)
- Lady Margaret Hay (1769–1832), married Charles Cameron in 1789
- Lady Maria Elizabeth Hay (1771–1804), married Rev. George Moore in 1795
- Lady Frances Hay (1773–1806)
- Lady Flaminia Hay (1774–1821), married Capt. George James (d. 1840) in 1809
- Lady Jemima Hay (1776–1822)
|Ancestors of James Hay, 15th Earl of Erroll|
James Milliken of Milliken
| Rector of the University of Glasgow
The Earl of Eglinton
| Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Earl of Erroll
- There is some confusion among the sources on the counting of the Earls. Some sources appear to conflate the William Hay who died in 1522 with his son, William Hay, who was born in 1521. Also, some sources do not include Countess Mary Hay in the count of Earls. This leaves some sources reporting James Hay as the 13th Earl, a difference in the count which is then passed down to his successors.
- Taylor, James (1887). The great historic families of Scotland. 2. London: J. S. Virtue & co. pp. 373–377. Retrieved 5 January 2020.