James Graham Goodenough

Commodore James Graham Goodenough CB CMG (3 December 1830 – 20 August 1875) was an officer in the Royal Navy who went to become Commander-in-Chief, Australia Station.

James Goodenough
James Graham Goodenough.jpg
Born3 December 1830
Guildford, Surrey
Died20 August 1875(1875-08-20) (aged 44)
off Australia
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branchRoyal Navy
Years of service1844–1875
Commands heldHMS Victoria
HMS Minotaur
Australia Station (1873–1875)
Battles/warsSecond Opium War
AwardsCompanion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Commodore James Graham Goodenough by Count Gleichen,1877

Early life and familyEdit

He was born at Stoke Hill near Guildford in Surrey, the son of Edmund Goodenough, Dean of Wells Cathedral and Frances Cockerell.[1] His paternal grandfather was Samuel Goodenough, Bishop of Carlisle and his godfather was Sir James Graham, after whom he was named. He was educated at Westminster School.[2]

In 1864 he married Victoria Hamilton; they had two sons, including Admiral Sir William Edmund Goodenough.[1]

Naval careerEdit

At 14 years of age Goodenough joined the Royal Navy. He firstly (1844–1848) served on HMS Collingwood under Captain Robert Smart in the Pacific fleet of Admiral Sir George Francis Seymour. He then joined HMS Cyclops off coast of Africa, before returning to England late in 1849 to sit his lieutenant's exam.[2]

He went on to serve in the Second Opium War being present at the capture of Canton in 1857.[1] Promoted to Captain in 1863, he was given command of HMS Victoria and then HMS Minotaur.[3] He served as Commander-in-Chief, Australia Station from 1873.

He died of tetanus[4] aboard HMS Pearl off the coast of Australia, resulting from wounds inflicted from poisoned arrows in an attack by natives of the Santa Cruz Islands.[5] He is buried in St Thomas's Church in North Sydney.[1] Some sources state his burial location at St Leonards Cemetery in north Sydney.[6]


A stained glass window, Adoration of the Lamb, in St Thomas's Church in North Sydney, is dedicated in his memory and a bust, sculptured by Count Gleichen, was placed in the Painted Hall of Greenwich Hospital.[7][8] A memorial was also constructed in North Sydney (St Thomas's Church?).

The church of the Holy Cross, Cromer Street, King's Cross, London was built in his memory in 1888. The church bell is the ship's bell from HMS Pearl, his flagship[9]


  1. ^ a b c d Ward, John M. Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 7 November 2018 – via Australian Dictionary of Biography.
  2. ^ a b Wikisource:Goodenough, James Graham (DNB00)
  3. ^ "Biography of James Graham Goodenough R.N." Pdavis.nl. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  4. ^ "James Goodenough, Sailor and Humanitarian 1830 – 1875 – NHSA". Navyhistory.org.au. 25 March 1978. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  5. ^ Royal Navy portal: Goodenough Archived 8 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "James Goodenough, Sailor and Humanitarian 1830 – 1875 – Page 3 of 3 – NHSA". Navyhistory.org.au. 25 March 1978. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  7. ^ Design, UBC Web. "James Graham Goodenough – Monument Australia". Monumentaustralia.org.au. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Naval". The Cornishman (17). 7 November 1878. p. 3.
  9. ^ "Holy Cross Church – Our History". Holycrosscromerstreet.org. Retrieved 7 November 2018.

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Commander-in-Chief, Australia Station
Succeeded by