Sir James Dyson OM CBE RDI FRS FREng FCSD FIET (born 2 May 1947)[2] is a British inventor, industrial designer, farmer, and business magnate who founded Dyson.[3][4] He is best known as the inventor of the bagless vacuum cleaner, which works on the principle of cyclonic separation. According to the Sunday Times Rich List 2023, he is the fifth richest person in the UK, with an estimated net worth of £23 billion.[5]

James Dyson

Dyson in 2015
Born (1947-05-02) 2 May 1947 (age 76)
Cromer, Norfolk, England
Alma mater
  • Inventor
  • industrial designer
  • farmer
  • business magnate
Deirdre Hindmarsh
(m. 1968)
RelativesJames Dyson (grandfather)
Provost of the Royal College of Art
In office
1 August 2011 (2011-08-01) – 1 July 2017 (2017-07-01)
Preceded byTerence Conran
Succeeded byJonathan Ive (as Chancellor)

He served as the Provost of the Royal College of Art from August 2011 to July 2017,[6][7] and opened a new university, the Dyson Institute of Engineering and Technology, on Dyson's Wiltshire campus in September 2017.[8]

Early life and education edit

James Dyson was born 2 May 1947 in Cromer, Norfolk, one of the three children[2] of Janet M. (née Bolton) and Alec William Dyson.[9] He was named after his grandfather, James Dyson. He was educated at Gresham's School, an independent boarding school in Holt, Norfolk, from 1956 to 1965, when his father died of prostate cancer.[10] He excelled at long-distance running: "I was quite good at it, not because I was physically good, but because I had more determination. I learnt determination from it."[11]

He spent one year (1965–1966) at the Byam Shaw School of Art, and then studied furniture and interior design at the Royal College of Art (1966–1970) before moving into engineering. It was while attending the Royal College of Art[12] to study fine art that Dyson made the switch to industrial design, due in part to the tutorage of the structural engineer Anthony Hunt.

Early inventions edit

Dyson helped design the Sea Truck in 1970 while studying at the Royal College of Art. His first original invention, the Ballbarrow, was a modified version of a wheelbarrow using a ball instead of a wheel. This was featured on the BBC's Tomorrow's World television programme. Dyson stuck with the idea of a ball, inventing the Trolleyball, a trolley that launched boats. He then designed the Wheelboat,[13] which could travel at speeds of 64 kilometres per hour (40 mph) on both land and water.[citation needed]

Vacuum cleaners edit

DC07 bagless Dyson vacuum cleaner

In the late 1970s, Dyson had the idea of using cyclonic separation to create a vacuum cleaner that would not lose suction as it picked up dirt. He became frustrated with his Hoover Junior's diminishing performance: the dust bag pores kept becoming clogged with dust thus reducing suction.[14] The cyclone idea came from a sawmill that used cyclone technology.[15]

Partly supported by his wife's salary as an art teacher, and after five years and about 5,127 prototypes, Dyson launched the "G-Force" cleaner in 1983.[16] However, no manufacturer or distributor would handle his product in the UK, as it would have disturbed the valuable market for replacement dust bags, so Dyson launched it in Japan through catalogue sales.[17] Manufactured in bright pink, the G-Force sold for the equivalent of $2,000.,[18] or around $5,500 in 2023 taking inflation into account[19] It won the 1991 International Design Fair Prize in Japan. He filed a series of patents for his dual cyclone vacuum cleaner EP0037674 in 1980. After his invention was rejected by the major manufacturers, Dyson set up his own manufacturing company, Dyson Ltd. In June 1993, he opened a research centre and factory in Malmesbury, Wiltshire.[citation needed]

Dyson's slogan, "say goodbye to the bag", proved attractive to the buying public. The Dyson Dual Cyclone became the fastest-selling vacuum cleaner ever made in the UK and outsold those of some of the companies that rejected his idea, becoming one of the most popular brands in the UK.[20] In early 2005, it was reported that Dyson cleaners had become the market leaders in the United States by value (though not by the number of units sold). Dyson licensed the technology in North America from 1986 to 2001 to Fantom Technologies, after which Dyson entered the market directly.[21]

Following his success, other major manufacturers began to market their own cyclonic vacuum cleaners. In 1999, Dyson sued Hoover (UK) for patent infringement. The High Court ruled that Hoover had deliberately copied a fundamental part of his patented designs in making its Triple Vortex bagless vacuum cleaner range.[22] Hoover agreed to pay damages of £4 million.[23]

In mid-2014, Dyson personally appeared in Tokyo to introduce his "360 Eye" robotic vacuum cleaner. Dyson's initial entry into this market segment features 360° scanning and mapping for navigation, cyclonic dust separation, a custom-designed digital motor for high suction, tank treads for traction, a full-width brushroll bar, and user interface via a free iOS or Android app.[24]

Interviewed by Fast Company (May 2007), Dyson asserted the importance of failure in one's life, "I made 5,127 prototypes of my vacuum before I got it right. There were 5,126 failures. But I learned from each one. That's how I came up with a solution. So I don't mind failure. I've always thought that schoolchildren should be marked by the number of failures they've had. The child who tries strange things and experiences lots of failures to get there is probably more creative."[16]

Other inventions edit

In the year 2000, Dyson expanded his appliance range to include a washing machine called the ContraRotator which had two rotating drums moving in opposite directions. The range was decorated in the usual bright Dyson colours, rather than the traditional white or silver of most other machines of the time, although white versions came later in its run. It was not a commercial success and was discontinued in 2005.[25]

In 2002, Dyson created a realisation of the optical illusions depicted in the lithographs of Dutch artist M. C. Escher. Engineer Derek Phillips was able to accomplish the task after a year of work, creating a water sculpture in which the water appears to flow up to the tops of four ramps arranged in a square, before cascading to the bottom of the next ramp. Called Wrong Garden, it was displayed at the Chelsea Flower Show in 2003.[26] The illusion is accomplished with water containing air bubbles pumped through a chamber underneath the transparent glass ramps to a slit at the top from which the bulk of the water cascades down. This makes it appear that the water is flowing up, when really, a small amount of water diverted from the slit at the top flows back down the ramps in a thin layer.[27]

Dyson Airblade hand dryer

In October 2006, Dyson launched the Dyson Airblade, a fast hand dryer that uses a thin sheet of moving air as a squeegee to remove water, rather than attempting to evaporate it with heat. This allows for faster drying, while using much less energy than traditional electrical hand dryers.[28]

Dyson air-purifier. Some newer models have features like oscillation and adjustment of air flow direction.

Another product, launched in October 2009, is a fan without external blades which he calls the Air Multiplier.[29] Functions such as heating, air-purifying and humidifying were added later.[30]

In April 2016, Dyson launched the Dyson Supersonic, a hair dryer with a smaller motor in the handle to provide better balance and smaller size, as well as quieter operation.[31] Commenting on the launch, Vogue magazine said "as the first product to launch from Dyson's new UK state-of-the-art hair laboratory, we have high hopes for the future of our blow-dries."[32]

Research and development edit

In 2017, Dyson spent £7 million a week on research and development of new products.[33] The company is the UK's biggest investor in robotics and artificial intelligence research, employing over 3,500 engineers and scientists, and engaging in more than 40 university research programmes. Speaking to the Daily Telegraph, Dyson said, “We’re looking at more non-domestic products but we are not rushing to do lots of different things,” he said. “We are a private company so we can do it when we are ready.”

In November 2014, Dyson announced plans to invest a further £1.5 billion into the research and development of new technology, including funding for an expanded campus at the Dyson UK headquarters in Malmesbury which will create up to 3,000 jobs.[34]

The then Prime Minister David Cameron, said: "Dyson is a great British success story and the expansion of the Malmesbury campus will create thousands of new jobs, providing a real boost to the local economy and financial security for more hardworking families. Investment on this scale shows confidence in our long-term economic plan to back business, create more jobs and secure a brighter future for Britain".[35]

In March 2016, Dyson announced a second new multimillion-pound research and development centre on a 517-acre (209 ha) former Ministry of Defence (MoD) site at Hullavington, Wiltshire. The company said it aimed to double its UK-based workforce in the next five or six years. Dyson said: "After 25 years of UK growth, and continuing expansion globally, we are fast outgrowing our Malmesbury Campus. To win on the world stage you have to develop new technology and develop great products and that's what we're doing here.".[36]

In September 2017, Dyson announced plans to produce an electric vehicle, aiming to be launched in 2020, investing £2 billion of his own money.[37] He assembled a team of more than 400 people for the project.[37] According to reports, the vehicle was intended to be powered by a solid-state battery, Dyson having acquired the battery company Sakti3 in 2015.[38] In October 2019, Dyson announced that the electric car project had been cancelled due to it not being commercially viable.[39]

In 2017, he launched the Dyson Institute of Engineering and Technology.[8]

Allegations of copyright infringement edit

Dyson has several times accused Chinese spies and students of copying technological and scientific secrets from the UK through the planting of software bugs and by infiltrating British industries, institutions, and universities after they left. He also complained that China benefits from stealing foreign designs, flouting of product copyrights, and a two-speed patent system that discriminates against foreign firms with unreasonably longer times.[40][41][42][43]

Tax affairs edit

Dyson's tax affairs have been subject to considerable scrutiny in the British press across the political spectrum.[44][45][46][47][48]

Lux Leaks edit

Dyson publicly stated in 2008, "I think it's wrong to direct your business for tax reasons. Your business should be where you can do it best".[49] However, in 2009, his company Dyson Ltd incorporated a new parent company in Malta[50] to create £300 million and £550 million in intercompany loans via Luxembourg and Isle of Man companies that increased tax-deductible interest payments in the UK between 2009 and 2012. The creation of the additional UK tax-deductible interest payments relied on deals with the Luxembourg tax authorities revealed in the 2014 Lux Leaks.[51] The Dyson group stated to The Guardian in 2014: "At no time did the [group's former] non-UK structure deliver any significant tax advantage and, of the entities in question, all have been dissolved".[49]

Estimated tax contributions edit

In the 2022 Tax List published by The Sunday Times in January 2022, Dyson and his family were listed as 11th of the UK's 50 biggest taxpayers. The newspaper estimated £101 million was contributed for the last full year on record.[52] The IPPR think tank noted that only two of those listed in the 2021 Sunday Times Rich List – Dyson and the Weston family – were listed in that year's Tax List.[53] In the previous three years, Dyson had featured at 6th, 4th and 3rd in the Sunday Times Tax List, with the newspaper estimating a total contribution of £345.8 million to the UK exchequer.[54][55][56]

Political views edit

Pro-Eurozone edit

In 1998, Dyson was one of the chairmen and chief executives of 20 FTSE 100 companies who signed a statement published in The Financial Times calling on the government for early British membership of the Eurozone.[57] He claimed that failure to join the euro would lead to the destruction of the British manufacturing base and said: "It does not mean that the jobs will go tomorrow but will drift abroad over a period and the longer-term future of Britain as a manufacturing nation will be blighted. Ministers had better understand that if we delay entry too long there may be nothing left to save."[58]

Claiming that the strength of the pound was affecting his company's profits on exports to France and Germany, in February 2000 Dyson threatened to shift focus from his Malmesbury plant to a new plant set up in Malaysia because the government would not join the euro. He said: "We would expect to double in size in the next two years. We are talking about a £100 million investment and up to 2,000 jobs. I would like to make that investment in the UK. But it seems that is not going to be possible. The value of sterling means we are struggling to compete at home with cheap imports from Europe and the Far East. We do around £40 million worth of export business with France and Germany each year but we aren't making any money. If we joined the euro we would be on an even footing with our biggest trading partners."[59] An editorial published in The Times responded: "Mr Dyson, a manufacturing version of Sir Richard Branson, likes complaining. Yesterday he was complaining that Britain's failure to join the euro and the resultant strong pound will force him to move abroad. Last week he blamed the price of land and planning delays in Wiltshire, but never mind. So where will he go? To Portugal, Italy or to an EU candidate such as Poland? No, Mr Dyson threatens to go to the Far East. Like so many entrepreneurs, he wants a cheap currency and low interest rates, but also low inflation, low wages, a flexible labour market and low regulation. He will not find them in the eurozone."[60]

Dyson again threatened to shift production abroad in November 2000, saying: "It's suicidal for the UK not to join the euro. Why should we go on exporting at a loss? We're facing unfair competition."[61][62] In February 2002, Dyson announced that production was being shifted to the Far East. In August 2003, the assembly of washing machines was also switched from Malmesbury to Malaysia.[63]

Pro-Brexit edit

Dyson was one of the most prominent UK business leaders to publicly support Brexit before the referendum in June 2016.[64] Since the referendum, Dyson has stated that Britain should leave the EU Single Market and that this would "liberate" the economy and allow Britain to strike its own trade deals around the world.[65] During 2016, 19% of Dyson Ltd exports went to EU countries, compared with 81% to non-EU countries.[66] In 2017, Dyson suggested that the UK should leave the EU without an interim deal and that "uncertainty is an opportunity".[67] Previously, in 2014, Dyson had said he would be voting to leave the European Union to avoid being "dominated and bullied by the Germans".[68] In November 2017, Dyson was critical of the UK government Brexit negotiations and said "we should just walk away and they will come to us".[69] After it became public in January 2019 that Dyson's company was to move its headquarters from Malmesbury to Singapore, he was accused of hypocrisy regarding his campaign for Brexit.[70]

European Court of Justice edit

In November 2015, Dyson lost its case against EU energy labelling laws in the European General Court;[71] however, a subsequent appeal in the European Court of Justice said that the previous ruling had "distorted the facts" and "erred in law".[72]

Attacks on Rishi Sunak edit

Dyson attacked Prime Minister Rishi Sunak in January 2023 for what he called "ever higher tax bills" for corporations, accusing the PM of believing that "penalising the private sector is a free win at the ballot box".[73] In May of the same year, he attacked Sunak again, over what he called a "scandalous neglect" of the science and technology sector.[74][75] Dyson's interventions into UK politics led to the New Statesman naming him the British Right-Wing's 35th most influential figure.[76]

Libel case against Channel 4 and ITN edit

In 2022, Dyson sued Channel 4 and ITN over allegations of exploitation of workers at one of his suppliers' factories. In the High Court, it was ruled that there was no personal defamation.[77][78]

Philanthropy edit

Dyson in 2013

Dyson set up the James Dyson Foundation in 2002 to support design and engineering education. It is a registered charity under English law[79] and operates in the UK, US, and Japan. The foundation aims to inspire young people to study engineering and become engineers by encouraging students to think differently and to make mistakes. The foundation supports engineering education in schools and universities, as well as medical and scientific research in partnership with charities. It achieves this by funding resources such as the "Engineering Box", a box filled with activities for a school to use as a teaching aid.

In May 2014, the foundation announced an £8 million donation to create a technology hub at the University of Cambridge. The donation would also allow for a design and construction lab to be developed for undergraduate engineering students.[80]

In March 2015, the foundation gave £12 million to Imperial College London to allow the purchase of a Post Office building in Exhibition Road from the Science Museum. Imperial College was to open the Dyson School of Design Engineering in this building, and teach a new four-year master's degree in design engineering.[81]

Around 2021, the foundation gave £4 million[82] towards the construction of a £27 million[83] hub for cancer services at the Royal United Hospital, Bath, to be called the Dyson Cancer Centre. This followed a £500,000 donation to the Dyson Centre for Neonatal Care at the same hospital, which opened in 2011.[84]

The foundation supports the work of young designers through the James Dyson Award, an international design award that "celebrates, encourages and inspires the next generation of design engineers".[85]

Dyson is also a trustee of The James and Deirdre Dyson Trust, a separate charity through which he and his wife make personal donations in various fields.[86] In June 2019, the charity donated £18.75 million to Dyson's old school, Gresham's, to build a new STEAM Education building, which was completed in 2021.[87] In November 2023, the charity made a further donation of £35 million to Gresham’s School to develop a state-of-the-art Prep School with a new building incorporating STEAM education facilities for pupils aged seven to 13.[88]

Honours and awards edit

Personal life edit

Dyson married Deirdre Hindmarsh in 1968.[2] They have two sons and a daughter.[2]

In 1999, he acquired Domaine des Rabelles, an estate and winery near Villecroze and Tourtour, Var, France.[101] In 2003, Dyson paid £15 million[citation needed] for Dodington Park,[102] a 300-acre (1.2 km2) Georgian estate in South Gloucestershire close to Chipping Sodbury. He and his wife also own a house in Chelsea, London.[citation needed]

His vessel Nahlin is the largest British-flagged and -owned super yacht with an overall length of 91 metres (299 ft), and was ranked 36th in a 2013 survey of the world's 100 biggest yachts.[103][104] He also owns two Gulfstream G650ER private jets registered G-VIOF and G-GSVI.[105][106] He previously owned an older Gulfstream G650, registered G-ULFS and currently owns a AgustaWestland AW-139 helicopter.[107][105]

In July 2019, Dyson spent £43 million on a 21,108-square-foot (1,961.0 m2) triplex flat at the top of the Guoco Tower, the tallest building in Singapore.[108][109] He sold the flat in October 2020 for £36 million,[110][111] and in April 2021 it was reported that he had moved his place of residence back to the UK.[112] Dyson has also invested heavily in buying agricultural land in Lincolnshire, Oxfordshire, and Gloucestershire, and by 2014 was one of the biggest landowners in the UK.[113]

Dyson is the beneficial owner of Weybourne Holdings Pte, a Singapore-based business that (as of 2023) owns 31 UK properties, worth at least £287 million.[114]

Publications edit

Dyson's publications include two autobiographies:

  • Against the Odds: An Autobiography (1997) ISBN 9780752809816
  • Invention: A Life (2021) ISBN 9781471198748

References edit

  1. ^ a b Anon (2015). "Sir James Dyson CBE FREng FRS". London: Royal Society. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the website where:

    "All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2016.

  2. ^ a b c d "Dyson, James". Who's Who. Vol. 2015 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ Jolly, Jasper (23 October 2018). "Dyson to build electric cars in Singapore – with 2021 launch planned". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Singapore and the EU fly the flag of free trade". Asia Times. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  5. ^ Watts, Robert, ed. (19 May 2023). "The Sunday Times Rich List 2023". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  6. ^ "Sir James Dyson". Royal College of Art. Archived from the original on 23 November 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Apple's Jony Ive Named Royal College of Art Chancellor". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  8. ^ a b "James Dyson launches new university to bridge engineering skills gap". The Guardian. 4 November 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  9. ^ 1881 United Kingdom census, Abbotsford, Wellingborough; 1891 United Kingdom census, Abbotsford, Wellingborough; 1911 United Kingdom census, Wellingborough; National Registration Act 1939, "Old House, Lower Street, Thriplow, South Cambridgeshire… 1. Dyson, James Wm / 2. Dyson Ethel / 3. Dyson, Alec William"; "Alec W Dyson" in England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1916–2005; "James Dyson" in England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1916–2007, accessed 17 September 2021 (subscription required)
  10. ^ Dyson, James; Coren, Giles (1997). Against The Odds (1st ed.). London, UK: Orion Publishing. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0-7528-0981-4.
  11. ^ Clark, Hannah. "James Dyson Cleans Up". Forbes. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  12. ^ Dale, Nigel (2012). Connexions: The Unseen Hand of Tony Hunt (First ed.). Foreword by Sir James Dyson: Whittles Publishing. pp. VII–VIII. ISBN 978-184995-030-5.
  13. ^ "Inside Dyson". Dyson. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  14. ^ "About Dyson". Dyson. 2015. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  15. ^ Issue: The Journal of Business and Design, vol. 8, no. 1
  16. ^ a b "Failure Doesn't Suck". Fast Company. 1 May 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  17. ^ "James Dyson Cleans Up". Forbes. 1 August 2006. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007.
  18. ^ "James Dyson on 5,126 Vacuums That Didn't Work— and the One That Finally Did". New York Magazine. 22 November 2016.
  19. ^ using and cf.
  20. ^ Dyson, James; Coren, Giles (1997). Against The Odds (1st ed.). London, UK: Orion Publishing. pp. 134, 135, 244. ISBN 0-7528-0981-4.
  21. ^ Zippia "Dyson History"
  22. ^ "Dyson cleans up in patent battle with rival Hoover". The Telegraph. 3 October 2000. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  23. ^ The Guardian 4 October 2002 "Hoover taken to cleaners in £4m Dyson case"
  24. ^ "Dyson 360 Eye™ robot". Dyson. Archived from the original on 26 March 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  25. ^ "Dyson declines to commit to controversial Contrarotator". 11 December 2007. Archived from the original on 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
  26. ^ "How does Dyson make water go uphill?". BBC News. 21 May 2003. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  27. ^ BBC News 21 May 2003 "How does Dyson make water go uphill?"
  28. ^ GreenBiz 15 October 2015 "More than hot air: Which hand dryers save energy, dry fast?"
  29. ^ "Air Multiplier". Dyson. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  30. ^ Karcz, Anthony (21 June 2019). "Dyson Pure Hot+Cool vs. Dyson Pure Cool Me". Forbes. Retrieved 15 March 2023.
  31. ^ "The Dyson Supersonic™ hair dryer". Dyson. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  32. ^ "Blown Away". Vogue. 27 April 2016.
  33. ^ "Sir James Dyson to remain at controls as Dyson reports record results". The Daily Telegraph. 27 March 2017. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022.
  34. ^ "Dyson founder ploughs £1.5bn into product invention and new campus". The Guardian. 21 November 2014.
  35. ^ "Dyson announces £1.5billion of investment and makes first steps on expansion to Malmesbury headquarters". Wiltshire and Gloucester Standard. 21 November 2014.
  36. ^ "Dyson to open second tech campus in Hullavington". BBC. 1 March 2016.
  37. ^ a b "Dyson's car faces low barriers to entry but high barriers to success". The Economist. 27 September 2017.
  38. ^ P.M. (16 October 2017). "Will solid-state batteries power us all?". The Economist.
  39. ^ "Dyson has scrapped its electric car project". BBC. 11 October 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  40. ^ "Vacuum Designer James Dyson: Chinese Students Steal Secrets from UK Schools". Time. 30 March 2011.
  41. ^ "Chinese students steal secrets: inventor James Dyson". The Australian. 27 March 2011.
  42. ^ "Dyson seeks to block copycat manufacturers in China". The Guardian. 4 December 2011.
  43. ^ Collins, Nick (6 December 2011). "Sir James Dyson attacks China over designs 'theft'". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022.
  44. ^ "UK's 'highest taxpayers' revealed in first-ever Sunday Times list". BBC News. 27 January 2019. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  45. ^ "Sir James Dyson has moved back to UK, docs show, as tax row continues". CityAM. 21 April 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  46. ^ "A lot of people pitched in during Covid, but only Dyson got a tax waiver for it | Gaby Hinsliff". The Guardian. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  47. ^ Fisher, Lucy; Tovey, Alan (21 April 2021). "Sir James Dyson moves back to Britain after two years in Singapore". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  48. ^ Cordon, Gavin (21 April 2021). "Boris Johnson told Sir James Dyson he would 'fix' tax issue". Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  49. ^ a b Bowers, Simon (5 November 2014). "Luxembourg tax files: how tiny state rubber-stamped tax avoidance on an industrial scale". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  50. ^ "Clear Cover Limited | ICIJ Offshore Leaks Database". Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  51. ^ "Explore the Documents: Luxembourg Leaks Database – ICIJ". 5 November 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  52. ^ Watts, Robert. "The Tax List 2022: the UK's 50 biggest taxpayers revealed". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  53. ^ "Missing: the UK's richest who are absent from the Sunday Times top 10 taxpayers list". IPPR. 28 January 2022. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  54. ^ Watts, Roberts. "The Sunday Times Tax List 2021: the UK's 50 biggest taxpayers". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  55. ^ Watts, Roberts. "The Sunday Times Tax List 2020: meet Britain's top 50 tax payers". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  56. ^ Watts, Robert. "Tax List 2019: David Beckham and James Dyson among biggest payers". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  57. ^ Brown, Kevin (23 November 1998). "Business leaders give big boost to pro-euro lobby". Financial Times. London. p. 6.
  58. ^ Gow, David (16 February 2000). "Strong pound puts Dyson in a spin: Entrepreneur threatens to take production abroad". The Guardian. London. p. 27.
  59. ^ Manning, Clinton (16 February 2000). "Dyson: Only Euro can stop me heading East". Daily Mirror. London. p. 8.
  60. ^ "Sucked in by euro illusion". The Times. London. 16 February 2000. p. 29.
  61. ^ Doward, Jamie (5 November 2000). "Dyson in new euro jobs threat: I'll expand outside UK if we stay out, says cleaner king; Factory in Malaysia is standing by". The Observer. London. p. 1. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  62. ^ Teeman, Tim (27 October 2001). "A master of spin comes clean". The Times. London. p. 3.
  63. ^ Gribben, Roland (21 August 2003). "Dyson production moves to Malaysia". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  64. ^ Ruddick, Graham (13 September 2016). "Sir James Dyson upbeat about Brexit as company invests in expansion". The Guardian.
  65. ^ "Now Sir James Dyson urges single market exit, just months after losing a nasty battle in Brussels". The Independent. 14 September 2016.
  66. ^ Pearson, Alison (10 June 2016). "Sir James Dyson: 'So if we leave the EU no one will trade with us? Cobblers...'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022.
  67. ^ Tovey, Alan (14 September 2017). "Sir James Dyson: 'Make a clean break from Europe without an interim deal'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022.
  68. ^ Swinford, Steven (21 November 2014). "Dyson: Britain should leave Europe to avoid being 'dominated by Germans'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022.
  69. ^ Wood, Zoe (19 November 2017). "How Brexity is your vacuum cleaner?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  70. ^ "Brexit cheerleader Sir James Dyson relocates firm's headquarters from Wiltshire to Singapore". The Independent. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  71. ^ Holehouse, Matthew (15 June 2016). "James Dyson loses EU battle over vacuum cleaners". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022.
  72. ^ Tovey, Alan (11 May 2017). "Dyson seizes victory in European courts over Brussels vacuum cleaner rules". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022.
  73. ^ Kollewe, Julia (19 January 2023). "James Dyson attacks Rishi Sunak's 'shortsighted, stupid' tax policies". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  74. ^ France, Anthony (13 May 2023). "Sir James Dyson says Rishi Sunak 'full of hot air' on science". Evening Standard. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  75. ^ Wright, Oliver; Ellson, Andrew (14 December 2023). "James Dyson: Rishi Sunak's focus on science is hot air". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  76. ^ "The New Statesman's right power list". New Statesman. 27 September 2023. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  77. ^ "England and Wales High Court (King's Bench Division) Decisions". BAILLI. Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  78. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (31 October 2022). "High court dismisses James Dyson libel claim against Channel 4 News". The Guardian.
  79. ^ "The James Dyson Foundation, registered charity no. 1099709". Charity Commission for England and Wales.
  80. ^ "The James Dyson Foundation donates £8m to fuel invention powerhouse". University of Cambridge. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  81. ^ "Chancellor and James Dyson launch Imperial's design engineering school". Imperial College London. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  82. ^ Elgee, Emma (30 March 2022). "Milestone reached for RUH as it builds new site". SomersetLive. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  83. ^ "Dyson Cancer Centre, Royal United Hospitals Bath". Integral Engineering Design. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  84. ^ "Bath's neonatal unit turns 10 years old". 23 July 2021. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  85. ^ "James Dyson Award". Archived from the original on 1 February 2014.
  86. ^ "The James and Deirdre Dyson Trust, registered charity no. 1160919". Charity Commission for England and Wales.
  87. ^ "The James and Deirdre Dyson Trust: Trustees' Report". Charity Commission. 31 December 2021. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  88. ^ "Sir James Dyson pledges £35m to Gresham's for Holt Hall development". BBC News. 19 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  89. ^ "Prince Philip Designers Prize: 1989—1998". Design Council. Archived from the original on 11 April 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  90. ^ "No. 54993". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1997. p. 8.
  91. ^ "Honorary Graduates 1989 to present". University of Bath. Archived from the original on 19 December 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  92. ^ "James Dyson elected to The Royal Academy of Engineering". Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  93. ^ "Current Royal Designers". Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  94. ^ "No. 58196". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 2006. p. 1.
  95. ^ "No. 61470". The London Gazette. 12 January 2016. p. 546.
  96. ^ "Easyjet's Carolyn McCall and James Dyson on New Year Honours list". BBC News. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  97. ^ "Sir James Dyson to Succeed Sir Terence Conran as Provost of the Royal College of Art". Royal College of Art. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  98. ^ "A voice for subjects". The Council for Subject Associations. 13 October 2009. Archived from the original on 26 February 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  99. ^ Demetriou, Danielle (28 September 2004). "Dyson quits 'style over substance' Design Museum". The Independent. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  100. ^ "Sir James Dyson". National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  101. ^ "Domaine des Rabelles". Dyson Wine. 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022. Sir James and Lady Dyson acquired the Domaine des Rabelles in 1999
  102. ^ James Dyson works at DODINGTON PARK MANAGEMENT LLP since 15 June 2010 currently as a Member of a Limited Liability Partnership –
  103. ^ Bryant, Miranda (14 August 2013). "Abramovich sunk in battle of superyachts: Emir's 180-metre vessel trumps Chelsea owner's as world's biggest". London Evening Standard. London. p. 13.
  104. ^ Hoyle, Ben (14 August 2013). "Emir knocks Abramovich off top of mega-yacht league table". The Times. London. p. 3.
  105. ^ a b Sudol, Matt (29 December 2020). "James Dysons Dauphin departs Bristol Airport for the last time". Fresh Aviation. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  106. ^ "James Dyson • His Two $70,000,000 Gulfstream G650 Private Jets • G-VIOF • G-GSVI". SuperYachtFan. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  107. ^ "G-ULFS | Gulfstream G650 | Private | Graham Perkin". JetPhotos. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  108. ^ Davies, Rob (10 July 2019). "James Dyson buys £43m penthouse in Singapore". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 July 2019 – via
  109. ^ Rashiwala, Kalpana (10 July 2019). "Dyson owner forks out S$73.8m for Singapore's costliest penthouse". The Business Times. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  110. ^ "Sir James Dyson to sell Singapore penthouse at a loss". BBC News. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  111. ^ Meisenzahl, Mary. "Billionaire James Dyson just sold his Singapore penthouse at a massive loss a year after his company scrapped plans to design an electric vehicle in the city". Business Insider. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  112. ^ "Billionaire Sir James Dyson moves residency back to the UK". BBC News. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  113. ^ "Sir James Dyson now owns more land in England than the Queen". The Daily Telegraph. 28 December 2014. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  114. ^ "Dyson among British entrepreneurs who own UK property via overseas companies". The Guardian. 2 February 2023. Retrieved 2 February 2023.

External links edit