James Blackwood, 2nd Baron Dufferin and Claneboye

James Stevenson Blackwood, 2nd Baron Dufferin and Claneboye MP ADC (8 July 1755 – 8 August 1836),[1] styled as Sir James Blackwood, 3rd Baronet, from 1799 to 1807, was an Anglo-Irish peer and politician.[2]

Early life and familyEdit

Blackwood was born in 1755, the second son of Sir John Blackwood, 2nd Baronet and Dorcas Stevenson, daughter and co-heiress of James Stevenson. His mother was quite wealthy as her father eventually became the sole heir to estates held by James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Clanbrassil, whose male line had died out with his son. In 1799, James' father died, leaving him to inherit the baronetcy as his elder brother, Robert Blackwood, had been killed in 1785 in a fall from his horse.[1] Although commonly referred to as Anglo-Irish, the Blackwoods are a Scottish family.[2]

In 1800, his mother was created Baroness Dufferin and Claneboye of Ballyleidy and Killyeagh in the Peerage of Ireland, with remainder to her heirs male. After her death in 1807, he succeeded her as the 2nd Baron Dufferin and Claneboye.[1]

CareerEdit

Blackwood was a Member of the Parliament of Ireland for Killyleagh in County Down from 1788 until the Irish Parliament was abolished with the Act of Union in 1801. In compensation for his seat being disenfranchised, he received £15,000 from the crown (equivalent to £931,000 in 2019).[1]

He was later elected to the British House of Commons, serving as Member of Parliament for the Cornish constituency of Helston from 1807 to 1812, and for Aldeburgh in Suffolk from 1812 to 1818. He then sat in the House of Lords as a representative peer for Ireland from 1820 to 1836.[2]

He was High Sheriff of Down for 1804 and governor of County Down 1830–36. He served as aide-de-camp to King William IV.[1]

In 1794, he raised the 33rd Light Dragoons (also known as Ulster Regiment of Light Dragoons). He was also colonel of the North Downshire Militia.[2]

Marriage and deathEdit

On 15 November 1801, Blackwood married Anne Dorothea, the only daughter of John Foster, 1st Baron Oriel and his wife, Margaretta Foster, 1st Viscountess Ferrard. They had no children.[1]

After a period of illness, Lord Dufferin died on 8 August 1836 at his home, Ballyleidy, age 81. He had been under treatment by Sir Henry Halford in London and then spent a week at the home of his brother-in-law, Thomas Skeffington, 2nd Viscount Ferrard, in County Louth. He died two days after returning home. He was succeeded in the titles by his younger brother Hans.[2] Lady Blackwood died on 28 March 1865 aged 93.[1]

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of James Blackwood, 2nd Baron Dufferin and Claneboye
Coronet
A Coronet of an Baron
Crest
1st: On a Cap of Maintenance Gules tuned up Ermine a Crescent Argent
Escutcheon
Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Argent a saltire sable; on a chief of the second three holly leaves of the first (for Blackwood); 2nd, Azure, a fleur-de-lis between two mullets in fess or; in chief two roses, and in base three arrows palewise, points downwards, all argent (for Stevenson) 3rd: Gules, three cinqueoils ermine, and on a chief or, a lion passant guardant gules (for Hamilton)[3]
Supporters
Dexter: a Lion Gules gorged with a Tressure flory counterflory Or; Sinister: an Heraldic Tiger Ermine gorged with a like Tressure Gules
Motto
Per vias rectas ("By straight ways")

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 1195. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Death of Lord Dufferin". The Times. 16 August 1836. p. 5.
  3. ^ Debrett, John (1836). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. p. 567. Retrieved 17 August 2017.

External linksEdit

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Killyleagh
1788–1801
With: Sir John Blackwood, 2nd Bt 1788–1790, 1798–1799
Hon. Robert Ward 1790–1798
Hans Blackwood 1799–1800
Daniel Mussenden 1800–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Helston
18071812
With: John St Aubyn
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Aldeburgh
18121818
With: Andrew Strahan
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Representative peer for Ireland
1820–1836
Succeeded by
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Baron Dufferin and Claneboye
1807–1836
Succeeded by
Baronetage of Ireland
Preceded by
Baronet
(of Killyleagh)
1799–1836
Succeeded by