James Aloysius O'Gorman
James Aloysius O'Gorman, Sr.
|United States Senator|
from New York
March 31, 1911 – March 3, 1917
|Preceded by||Chauncey Depew|
|Succeeded by||William M. Calder|
|Born||May 5, 1860|
Manhattan, New York City
|Died||May 17, 1943 (aged 83)|
Manhattan, New York City
|Spouse(s)||Anne Leslie O'Gorman|
|Children||James Aloysius O'Gorman. Jr.|
|Alma mater||City College of New York|
New York University
O'Gorman was born in Manhattan, New York City on May 5, 1860. He attended the public schools, the College of the City of New York, and then graduated from the law department of New York University in 1882. He was admitted to the bar the same year.
O'Gorman served as a justice of the New York District Court from 1893 to 1899. He was then elected as a Justice of the New York Supreme Court, on which he served from 1900 to March 31, 1911 when he resigned.[failed verification]
On March 31, 1911, after a three-month-long deadlock in the New York State Legislature, O'Gorman was elected as a Democrat to serve in the U.S. Senate. Tammany boss Charles Francis Murphy wanted his upstate ally William F. Sheehan to be elected, but a faction of the Democratic Party, led by State Senator Franklin D. Roosevelt, blocked Sheehan's election. After 62 ballots in 73 days, and three dozens of names voted for, they compromised on Justice O'Gorman. He served a single term until March 3, 1917. He was Chairman of the Committee on Interoceanic Canals and a member of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary. O'Gorman was the last U.S. Senator elected by a state legislature, and from 1914 on they have been elected by general ballot on the state ticket. O'Gorman did not run for re-election in 1916.
After leaving the Senate, O'Gorman resumed the practice of law in New York City and served as president of the New York County Lawyers' Association. He also served as an official referee of the New York Supreme Court from 1934 until his death.
- "James A. O'Gorman. Son of Late U.S. Senator Was Once candidate for Alderman". New York Times. October 15, 1946. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
James A. O'Gorman of 1148 Fifth Avenue, a son of the late, United States Senator James A. O'Gorman, died yesterday in Roosevelt Hospital from the effects of injuries suffered when he was struck by a taxicab Saturday night. He was born in this city on Jan. 1, 1898. ...
- "O'Gorman, at 75, Calls Age a State of Mind. Ex-Senator on Birthday Tells of City's Rise". New York Times. May 6, 1936. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
James A. O'Gorman, former United States Senator, who has seen New York grow from a city of 800,000 to one of 7,000,000 inhabitants, celebrated his seventy-fifth birthday yesterday at his home, 1,148 Fifth Avenue.
- "Order Goes Out After Roosevelt Tells Dix That Insurgents Won't Be Bound by a New Caucus. Cohalan, Nicoll, and Stanchfield No More Acceptable Than Sheehan - Frisbie and Gaynor Confer". New York Times. March 21, 1911. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
The plan to break the legislative deadlock and settle the Senatorship contest this week has struck a snag. Announcement was made tonight by the Democratic leaders that neither caucus nor conference with a view of selecting a candidate to take the place of William F. Sheehan would be held the present week.
- "Mrs. James A. O'Gorman. Widow of Former Senator Dies. Was Active in Charities". New York Times. December 29, 1943. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
Anne Leslie O'Gorman, widow of former United States Senator James A. O'Gorman, died yesterday at her home, 1148 Fifth Avenue, after a short illness. ...