Jamaat al Dawa al Quran
Jamaat al Dawa al Quran (JDQ, Society for the Call to the Quran), also known as Jama’at al-Da’wa ila al-Quran wal-Sunna (JDQS) and the Salafi Group, is a militant Islamist organisation operating in eastern Afghanistan.
|Jamaat al Dawa al Quran|
|Participant in the War in Afghanistan (1978–present) and the Global War on Terrorism|
|Active||c. 1980s – present|
|Area of operations||Kunar, Afghanistan|
|Opponent(s)||Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Soviet Union (1978-1991)|
|Battles and war(s)||Soviet–Afghan War |
Civil war in Afghanistan (1989–1992)
Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–1996)
Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001)
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Founded around 1986 during the Soviet–Afghan War by Jamil al-Rahman as a splinter from the larger Hezbi Islami faction, Jamaat al Dawa al Quran was a Salafi organisation that hosted many Arab volunteers and received funding from sympathetic Saudi and Kuwaiti businessmen. The group was able to establish an Islamist mini-state in Kunar Province in 1990, but it quickly dissolved after attacks by Hezbi Islami and al-Rahman's assassination in 1991, however JDQ continued to operate.
Following the 2001 US-led invasion of Afghanistan, one faction of JDQ registered as a political party and took part in the 2005 Afghan parliamentary elections. Alleged arbitrary arrests and cultural insensitivity by coalition forces, along with loss of influence in the local Kunar administration, led to JDQ members joining the local insurgency as the Salafi Taliban.
By the later part of the decade, JDQ began taking part in the insurgency against NATO and Afghan security forces in Korangal Valley. In 2010, the group pledged allegiance to Mullah Omar, leader of the Taliban. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid released a statement announcing that JDQ was now a part of the Taliban.
Designation as a terrorist organizationEdit
Countries and organizations below have officially listed the group as a terrorist organization.
|United States||25 May 2016|||
Combatant Status Review TribunalEdit
- "The First Islamic State: A Look Back at the Islamic Emirate of Kunar". CTC Sentinel. 2016-02-19. Retrieved 2016-05-28.
- "Statement from Kunar-based Salafi Group on joining Taliban". The Long War Journal.
- "State Department Terrorist Designations of the Tariq Gidar Group and Jama'at ul Dawa al-Qu'ran". State.gov. 2016-05-25. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
- "'Salafist group' allied with Taliban, al Qaeda behind kidnapping of slain British aid worker". The Long War Journal.
- Hegghammer, Thomas (2010). Jihad in Saudi Arabia: Violence and Pan-Islamism since 1979. Cambridge University Press. p. 46.
- Ruttig, Thomas (2010-01-14). "On Kunar's Salafi Insurgents". Afghanistan Analysts Network. Retrieved 2010-04-29.
- "Linda Norgrove: US forces hunting down kidnap group". The Telegraph. 13 October 2010.
- Into the Valley of Death, Sebastian Junger, Vanity Fair, January 2008
- "Aid worker Linda Norgrove was killed by US grenade". BBC. 2 December 2010.
- Mark P. Denbeaux et al, Inter- and Intra-Departmental Disagreements About Who Is Our Enemy, Seton Hall University School of Law
- Summarized transcripts (.pdf), from Abdul Rahim Muslimdost's Combatant Status Review Tribunal - pages 1-16
- Summarized transcripts (.pdf), from Sahib Rohullah Wakil's Combatant Status Review Tribunal - pages 16–25
- Summarized transcript (.pdf) Archived 2008-02-27 at the Wayback Machine, from Sabar Lal Melma's Administrative Review Board hearing - page 248 - August 10 2005
- The First Islamic State: A Look Back at the Islamic Emirate of Kunar – The Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, February 2016