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Jamaat al Dawa al Quran (JDQ, Society for the Call to the Quran), also known as Jama’at al-Da’wa ila al-Quran wal-Sunna (JDQS) and the Salafi Group,[4] is a militant Islamist organisation operating in eastern Afghanistan.

Jamaat al Dawa al Quran
Participant in the War in Afghanistan (1978–present) and the Global War on Terrorism
Activec. 1980s[1] – present
IdeologySalafism
FounderJamil al-Rahman
Area of operationsKunar, Afghanistan
Part ofTaliban[2]
AlliesFlag of Jihad.svg al-Qaeda
Flag of Lashkar-e-Taiba.svg Lashkar-e-Taiba[3]
Opponent(s)Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

NATO NATO

 Soviet Union (1978-1991)
Battles and war(s)Soviet–Afghan War
Civil war in Afghanistan (1989–1992)
Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–1996)
Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001)
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

BackgroundEdit

Founded around 1986 during the Soviet–Afghan War by Jamil al-Rahman as a splinter from the larger Hezbi Islami faction, Jamaat al Dawa al Quran was a Salafi organisation that hosted many Arab volunteers and received funding from sympathetic Saudi and Kuwaiti businessmen.[5] The group was able to establish an Islamist mini-state in Kunar Province in 1990, but it quickly dissolved after attacks by Hezbi Islami and al-Rahman's assassination in 1991, however JDQ continued to operate.[1]

Following the 2001 US-led invasion of Afghanistan, one faction of JDQ registered as a political party and took part in the 2005 Afghan parliamentary elections. Alleged arbitrary arrests and cultural insensitivity by coalition forces, along with loss of influence in the local Kunar administration, led to JDQ members joining the local insurgency as the Salafi Taliban.[6]

By the later part of the decade, JDQ began taking part in the insurgency against NATO and Afghan security forces in Korangal Valley.[7][8] In 2010, the group pledged allegiance to Mullah Omar, leader of the Taliban. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid released a statement announcing that JDQ was now a part of the Taliban.[2]

JDQ was involved in the September 2010 kidnapping of British aid worker Linda Norgrove,[3][4] who was accidentally killed by US forces during a rescue attempt.[9]

Designation as a terrorist organizationEdit

Countries and organizations below have officially listed the group as a terrorist organization.

Country Date References
  United States 25 May 2016 [3]

Combatant Status Review TribunalEdit

Having an affiliation with the organisation was raised by the Combatant Status Review Tribunal during the hearings of several detainees at Guantanamo Bay detention camp.[10]

isn names notes
561

Abdul Rahim Muslimdost

  • Three of the allegations Muslimdost faced during his Tribunal were:[11]
    • The detainee was a member of Jamaat ud Dawa il al Quran al Sunnat [sic] (JDQ).
    • Jamyat-u-Dawa-al-Quarani [sic] (JDQ) conducted training with several types of weapons in the Abdullah Abu Masood camp.
    • The JDQ is a militant religious school which trains students in military camps as well as classrooms. The JDQ has a militant wing and an assassination wing.
  • Muslimdost acknowledged being a member of the JDQ—fifteen years earlier, during the struggle to oust Afghanistan's Soviet invaders.
  • Muslimdost said the JDQ had a military wing, and practiced assassination.
  • Muslimdost said the JDQ had run training camps, and had tried to assassinate him.
798

Sahib Rohullah Wakil

  • Two of the allegations Rohullah faced during his Tribunal were:[12]
  • Rohullah testified that the JDQ was not an extremist group, and had not had a military wing since 1991.
  • Rohullah testified that all the JDQ's operations since the ouster of the communists have been humanitarian.
  • Rohullah testified that the JDQ had been supported by the Northern Alliance.

Sabar Lal Melma

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The First Islamic State: A Look Back at the Islamic Emirate of Kunar". CTC Sentinel. 2016-02-19. Retrieved 2016-05-28.
  2. ^ a b "Statement from Kunar-based Salafi Group on joining Taliban". The Long War Journal.
  3. ^ a b c "State Department Terrorist Designations of the Tariq Gidar Group and Jama'at ul Dawa al-Qu'ran". State.gov. 2016-05-25. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  4. ^ a b "'Salafist group' allied with Taliban, al Qaeda behind kidnapping of slain British aid worker". The Long War Journal.
  5. ^ Hegghammer, Thomas (2010). Jihad in Saudi Arabia: Violence and Pan-Islamism since 1979. Cambridge University Press. p. 46.
  6. ^ Ruttig, Thomas (2010-01-14). "On Kunar's Salafi Insurgents". Afghanistan Analysts Network. Retrieved 2010-04-29.
  7. ^ "Linda Norgrove: US forces hunting down kidnap group". The Telegraph. 13 October 2010.
  8. ^ Into the Valley of Death, Sebastian Junger, Vanity Fair, January 2008
  9. ^ "Aid worker Linda Norgrove was killed by US grenade". BBC. 2 December 2010.
  10. ^ Mark P. Denbeaux et al, Inter- and Intra-Departmental Disagreements About Who Is Our Enemy, Seton Hall University School of Law
  11. ^ Summarized transcripts (.pdf), from Abdul Rahim Muslimdost's Combatant Status Review Tribunal - pages 1-16
  12. ^ Summarized transcripts (.pdf), from Sahib Rohullah Wakil's Combatant Status Review Tribunal - pages 16–25
  13. ^ Summarized transcript (.pdf) Archived 2008-02-27 at the Wayback Machine, from Sabar Lal Melma's Administrative Review Board hearing - page 248 - August 10 2005

External linksEdit