Jalna pronunciation (help·info) is a city in Jalna district in the Aurangabad Division, or Marathwada region, of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was part of Hyderabad State as a tehsil of Aurangabad district, before Jalna district was formed effective 1 May 1981.
City Of Steel, Seed Capital of India
|Coordinates: 19°50′28″N 75°53′11″E / 19.8410°N 75.8864°ECoordinates: 19°50′28″N 75°53′11″E / 19.8410°N 75.8864°E|
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Body||Jalna Municipal Council|
|• M.L.A. of Maharashtra||Kailash Gorantyal|
|• Total||81.6 km2 (31.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||508 m (1,667 ft)|
|• Rank||127 in India|
|• Density||3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Jalna is located at 19°50′28″N 75°53′11″E / 19.8410°N 75.8864°E. It has an average elevation of 508 m (1,667 ft), on the banks of the Kundalika River.
|Climate data for Jalna|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||10
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||1.8
|Source: Jalna Weather|
As of 2011[update] census, Jalna had a population of 285,577. The total population constitute, 147,029 males and 138,485 females —a sex ratio of 942 females per 1000 males. 38,834 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 20,338 are boys and 18,496 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 81.80% with 201,829 literates.
The first cotton-ginning & oil-pressing factory was established in the year 1863 by Mr. Pestonji Meherwanji.
In 1889 a cotton-spinning and weaving mill was erected in Aurangabad city, which employed 700 people. With the opening of the Hyderabad–Godavari Valley Railways in the year 1900, several ginning factories were started. In Jalna alone, there were 9 cotton-ginning factories and 5 cotton presses, besides two ginning factories at Aurangabad and Kannad, and one oil press at Aurangabad. The total number of people employed in the cotton presses and ginning factories in the year 1901 was 1,016.
Jalna is the biggest producer of sweet lemons and oranges in Maharashtra.
Jalna is the biggest steel producer in Maharashtra state, with many steel companies located in the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) area.
Jalna is primarily connected with the rest of India by railway and road.
Aurangabad Airport is the closest airport to Jalna, it is about 55 kilometres (34 mi) away from Jalna city center, about one hour travel time by road.
High Speed RailEdit
Jalna is going to be an important station in the middle of the bullet train project proposed between Mumbai and Nagpur. So in the future, Jalna is going to get a boost of high speed transport connectivity.
Jalna is a station located on the Secunderabad–Manmad line of the newly created Nanded Division of South Central Railway. Formerly, it had been a part of Hyderabad Division, before divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw HYB's bifurcation.
Jalna is connected to major towns of the state by state highways. Road connectivity is excellent, roads connecting to Aurangabad, Pune, Ahmednagar, Nagpur, Nanded, Parbhani, Beed, Khamgaon, and Mumbai having been upgraded to four-lane highways. The new Mumbai-Nagpur Expressway (Samruddhi Mahamarg) passes through Jalna.
Recently, a new dry port project has been set up in the MIDC Phase 3 area near the city. This is the first dry port project in the country. A similar, smaller project is also in progress in Wardha.
- ^ a b c "District Census Handbook – Jalna" (PDF). Census of India. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner. 2011. p. 22. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Jalna, India". www.fallingrain.com. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- ^ Maharashtra’s Jalna is one of the biggest hubs of steel industry in Central India.
- ^ Khan, Mirza Mehdy (1909). Hyderabad. Imperial Gazetteer of India. Calcutta: Government Printing Press.
- ^ "Mumbai-Nagpur Bullet Train Project: Overview". 13 February 2022.
- ^ "Dry port near Jalna to be ready by end of 2021: Danve". The Times of India. TNN. 15 February 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2022.