Jason Steven "Jake" Plummer (born December 19, 1974) is an American former professional football quarterback who played 10 seasons in the National Football League (NFL). He played college football for the Arizona State Sun Devils. Plummer was selected by the Arizona Cardinals in the second round of the 1997 NFL draft, spending six seasons with the Cardinals and then four with the Denver Broncos.

Jake Plummer
refer to caption
Plummer at Luke Air Force Base in 1998
No. 16
Personal information
Born: (1974-12-19) December 19, 1974 (age 49)
Boise, Idaho, U.S.
Height:6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Weight:212 lb (96 kg)
Career information
High school:Capital (Boise)
College:Arizona State (1993–1996)
NFL draft:1997 / Round: 2 / Pick: 42
Career history
 * Offseason and/or practice squad member only
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Pass attempts:4,350
Pass completions:2,484
Passing yards:29,253
Passer rating:74.6
Player stats at PFR

Since retiring from the field, he launched Umbo, a functional mushroom supplement company alongside former UFC Champion Rashad Evans.[1] He subsequently founded MyCOLove Farm in Fort Lupton, Colorado to better understand mushrooms and mycology.

His nickname, "Jake the Snake", was given to him as a tribute to professional wrestler, Jake "the Snake" Roberts.[2] Coincidentally, Roberts adopted his nickname as a tribute to his favorite NFL player, former Oakland Raiders quarterback Ken Stabler, who was nicknamed "Snake."[3]

Early life


Plummer was born in Boise, Idaho; he and his two older brothers grew up in Smiley Creek. They were often at the family lumber mill and warehouse in the town of 50 in the Sawtooths (the mountains of the Sawtooth Range).[4]

Jake Plummer attended Pierce Park Elementary, Hillside Junior High, and graduated from Capital High School in 1993. He was a three-sport star in high school, playing baseball and basketball in addition to football. He was selected all-state as both a quarterback and punter and passed for 6,097 yards and 68 touchdowns in his junior and senior years.[5] He originally wanted to play football at Stanford, but they only offered him a preferred walk-on offer; he instead accepted a full ride from California until Hue Jackson, then a coach at Arizona State, heavily recruited Plummer and eventually successfully convinced him to recommit to the Sun Devils. He also received scholarship offers from Boise State, Idaho, Montana, Oregon State, Washington State, and Wyoming.[6]

College career


Plummer accepted a football scholarship to Arizona State University in Tempe. He did not redshirt and took over as the starting quarterback (from Grady Benton) early in his freshman season in 1993. He had consistent, but not outstanding, statistical output during his career, and never led the Pac-10 in any major statistical category.[7] He threw for an impressive 1,650 yards in his freshman season, but also had seven interceptions to just nine touchdowns.[8] He broke 2,000 yards in 1994 as a sophomore, and upped his touchdowns to 15.[8] As a junior in 1995, his 2,222 yards and 17 touchdowns, many coming at pivotal moments in games, earned him a strong fan base and all-conference honors despite a lackluster 6–5 record.[9]

His senior season in 1996 was arguably the best in school history. Arizona State attracted national attention on September 21 when they shut out top-ranked Nebraska 19–0 to snap the Huskers' 26-game winning streak. Plummer evaded a sack to toss a 25-yard touchdown on the game's opening drive, and finished 20 of 36 for 292 yards, setting a new school record for career passing yards in the process.[10] He led ASU to an undefeated regular season and a Pac-10 championship,[11] aided in no small part by fellow all-conference linebacker and close personal friend Pat Tillman. In the Rose Bowl, he scored a sensational 11-yard go-ahead touchdown run late in the fourth quarter, but Ohio State responded and won 20–17.[12] A victory likely would have meant a national championship as the only undefeated team in the nation, but their final ranking was fourth.[4] Plummer was third in the Heisman Trophy voting behind Florida's Danny Wuerffel and Iowa State's Troy Davis,[13] was a first-team All-American, and the Pac-10's Offensive Player of the Year.[14]

Plummer ended his career with several school records; most have since been surpassed, but his 34 games with a rushing or passing touchdown remains an ASU record.[15] A dedicated student, Plummer was also a two-time Academic All-Conference player.[14] A 2013 review listed Jake Plummer as the best player to wear number 16 in Sun Devil history.[9]

College statistics

Season Team GP Passing
Cmp Att Pct Yds TD Int Rtg
1993 Arizona State 9 102 199 51.3 1,650 9 7 128.8
1994 Arizona State 11 159 294 54.1 2,179 15 9 127.1
1995 Arizona State 11 173 301 57.5 2,222 17 9 132.1
1996 Arizona State 11 179 313 57.2 2,575 23 9 144.8
College career 42 613 1,107 55.4 8,626 64 34 133.8
School rank[16] 4th 3rd 3rd 4th

Professional career

Pre-draft measurables
Height Weight Arm length Hand span 40-yard dash 10-yard split 20-yard split 20-yard shuttle Three-cone drill Vertical jump
6 ft 2+14 in
(1.89 m)
195 lb
(88 kg)
33 in
(0.84 m)
9+14 in
(0.23 m)
4.96 s 1.71 s 2.93 s 4.29 s 7.30 s 30.0 in
(0.76 m)
All values from NFL Combine[17]

Arizona Cardinals (1997–2002)


Plummer was drafted in the second round of the 1997 NFL draft by the Arizona Cardinals.[18] He played behind Kent Graham and Stoney Case at the start of his rookie season. He took his first snap late in the 4th quarter of the seventh game, and promptly led the Cardinals on a 98-yard drive, going 4-of-6 for 87 yards and capping it with a 31-yard go-ahead touchdown. He led the Cardinals to three of their four victories that year. Already locally popular from his days at ASU, according to teammate Chad Carpenter he was now treated "like a god. We go to a restaurant and people stand up and clap when he walks by."[4] In 1998, the Cardinals drafted Plummer's friend Pat Tillman, and the two started all sixteen games en route to a 9–7 regular season record. In the tenth game against Dallas Cowboys, he threw for a stellar 465 yards and three touchdowns. In the playoffs, he led the Cardinals to an upset of the same Cowboys for the franchise's first postseason victory since 1947,[19] before losing in the second round to the Minnesota Vikings.

Plummer had a disappointing season in 1999; he went 3–8 as a starter, threw nine touchdowns to 24 interceptions, and the Cardinals finished 6–10. Regarding Plummer's season, the Football Outsiders commented: "At the start of the 1999 season, Jake Plummer was being celebrated as one of the NFL's best young quarterbacks, the man who would make the Cardinals respectable again. By the end of the 1999 season, Plummer ranked as the league's worst quarterback."[20] His reputation as a risk-taking "gunslinger" became a liability. In 2000 Plummer threw for 2,946 yards, 21 interceptions, and had a 66.0 quarterback rating. Although he reached 10,000 career passing yards (in 47 starts), Plummer compiled a 3–11 record and the Cardinals finished last in the NFC East.

Plummer bounced back in 2001 with his best statistical season with the Cardinals. He was one of only two NFL quarterbacks to take every snap for his team (Kerry Collins was the other), and he passed for 3,653 yards, eighteen touchdowns, and fourteen interceptions. During the season, he had a stretch of 142 consecutive pass attempts without throwing an interception. Plummer also led the NFL in fourth-quarter passing yards (1,227) and the Cardinals to a 7–9 record.

Plummer's last season with the Cardinals was 2002 and again his statistics were down (65.7 passer rating, 2,972 yards, eighteen touchdowns and twenty interceptions). On September 22 against the San Diego Chargers, he eclipsed 15,000 career passing yards.

As of 2017's NFL off-season, Jake Plummer held at least nine Cardinals franchise records, including:

  • Passing TDs: rookie season (fifteen in 1997), rookie game (four on 1997-12-07 WAS)
  • Passer Rating: rookie game (119.1 on 1997-11-30 PIT)
  • Sacked: game (ten on 1997-11-30 PIT), rookie season (52 in 1997)
  • Yds/Pass Att: rookie season (7.44 in 1997)
  • Pass Yds/Game: rookie season (220.3 in 1997)
  • 300+ yard passing games: playoffs (two)

Denver Broncos (2003–2006)

Plummer signs a football at Broncos training camp in 2006

After spending 5 seasons in Arizona, Plummer signed as a free agent with the Denver Broncos in 2003, replacing Brian Griese. Though the laid-back Plummer would clash often with the domineering head coach Mike Shanahan,[4] his guidance helped Plummer finish with a career-high 91.2 quarterback rating. On September 22, he had the longest run by a Broncos QB on Monday Night Football, a 40-yard scramble in a 31–10 win over the Oakland Raiders.[21] He led the Broncos to a wild card playoff berth, where the Broncos were beaten 41–10 by the Indianapolis Colts.

In 2004 he matched or surpassed several of Broncos Hall of Fame QB John Elway's passing records (including passing yardage and passing touchdowns in a single season). In the opening game victory against Kansas City, he reached 20,000 career passing yards. In the eighth game, he threw for a spectacular 499 yards and four touchdowns against Atlanta. However, continuing a career-long shortcoming, he also threw three interceptions in the loss, and led the league that season with twenty. He led the Broncos to a second straight wild card playoff berth, but the Broncos were again beaten by the Colts 49–24, despite Plummer's 103.1 passer rating in the contest.

In 2005, Plummer experienced arguably his best season as a professional. He threw 229 passes without an interception, the longest such streak of his career. He also began serving as Denver's holder, which he would continue to do through the 2006 season, as well. Along the way, Plummer helped the Broncos compile a 13–3 record, a #2 seed, and a first round bye in the AFC playoffs (behind the Colts). He also earned a Pro Bowl selection. The Broncos' first game was against the New England Patriots in the AFC Divisional Game at Invesco Field. Although not outstanding, Plummer's performance (15-for-26 for 197 yards, one touchdown, one interception) helped the Broncos break the Patriots' winning streak of eleven postseason games and gain their first postseason victory since Super Bowl XXXIII. However, Plummer accounted for four turnovers in the AFC Championship game and the Broncos were defeated 34–17 by the eventual Super Bowl champion Pittsburgh Steelers.

On November 27, 2006, after a lackluster performance in the first eleven games, and following back-to-back losses to the San Diego Chargers and Kansas City Chiefs, head coach Mike Shanahan announced that Plummer would be replaced at starting quarterback by rookie Jay Cutler. The decision to hand a 7–4 team over to a rookie quarterback was met by fans and media with mixed reactions.[22][4] Those who viewed Plummer as inconsistent heralded the change as one that would revive the Broncos' struggling offense;[23] others claimed such a move was ill-advised, especially given that Plummer had guided the Broncos to the AFC Championship game the year before; Plummer had also been 40–18 with Denver in both regular season and playoff games, while leading his teams to thirty game-tying/winning drives in his career, a league high. In the last game of the season, Plummer came off the bench against the San Francisco 49ers after Cutler suffered a concussion. He played the remainder of the first half before Cutler played the second half.

As of the 2017 NFL off-season, Plummer holds at least two Broncos franchise records, including:

  • Passing Yards: game (499 on 2004-10-31 ATL)
  • Passer Rating: playoff season (103.1 in 2004)

Tampa Bay Buccaneers (2007)


On March 3, 2007, Plummer was traded to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers for a 2008 conditional draft pick. However, rumors began to surface that Plummer was going to choose retirement over competition with the Buccaneers' four other quarterbacks on the roster (Bruce Gradkowski, Tim Rattay, Jeff Garcia, and Luke McCown).[24] On March 9, Plummer ended the speculation by announcing his decision to retire.[4] Plummer also confirmed his retirement through the Jake Plummer Foundation's website.[25]

Since he was still under contract to the Buccaneers and had already been given his contract signing bonus, Tampa Bay coach Jon Gruden met with Plummer in July to try to convince him to reconsider and report for training camp.[4][26] However, the attempt was unsuccessful and the team sued for recovery of the bonus. A settlement was finally reached on June 10, 2008, in which Plummer was required to pay back $3.5 million to the Buccaneers.[27]

NFL career statistics

Led the league
Bold Career high
Year Team Games Passing Rushing
GP GS Record Cmp Att Pct Yds Avg TD Int Rtg Att Yds Avg TD
1997 ARI 10 9 3–6 157 296 53.0 2,203 7.4 15 15 73.1 39 216 5.5 2
1998 ARI 16 16 9–7 324 547 59.2 3,737 6.8 17 20 75.0 51 217 4.3 4
1999 ARI 12 11 3–8 201 381 52.8 2,111 5.5 9 24 50.8 39 121 3.1 2
2000 ARI 14 14 3–11 270 475 56.8 2,946 6.2 13 21 66.0 37 183 4.9 0
2001 ARI 16 16 7–9 304 525 57.9 3,653 7.0 18 14 79.6 35 163 4.7 0
2002 ARI 16 16 5–11 284 530 53.6 2,972 5.6 18 20 65.7 46 283 6.2 2
2003 DEN 11 11 9–2 189 302 62.6 2,182 7.2 15 7 91.2 37 205 5.5 3
2004 DEN 16 16 10–6 303 521 58.2 4,089 7.8 27 20 84.5 62 202 3.3 1
2005 DEN 16 16 13–3 277 456 60.7 3,366 7.4 18 7 90.2 46 151 3.3 2
2006 DEN 16 11 7–4 175 317 55.2 1,994 6.3 11 13 68.8 36 112 3.1 1
Total[28] 143 136 69–67 2,484 4,350 57.1 29,253 6.7 161 161 74.6 428 1,853 4.3 17



Since his retirement from the NFL, Plummer has been an avid player of four-wall handball.[4] He attended his first professional handball tournament in 2007 when he entered the Simple Green US Open of Handball (with brother Eric) in the pro doubles division where the pair lost to future Hall of Fame members John Bike and Danny Bell. In 2008, Plummer hosted his own pro invitational and lost in the finals of the pro consolation bracket to #37 ranked, Jeff Kastner. Also in 2008, Plummer lost in the semifinals of the 2008's Idaho State Singles Championships to his brother (the eventual champion).[29][30]

Personal life


Plummer married former Broncos cheerleader Kollette Klassen on August 26, 2007, whom he met in 2005. In June 2010, Kollette gave birth to the couple's first child. After retiring from the NFL, Plummer moved to Sandpoint, Idaho (though the couple also has a house in Boulder, Colorado) where he lives in relative anonymity.[4] His former agent Leigh Steinberg said he is "one of the minuscule few that I could see living a completely fulfilled life away from sport... he was as close to an egoless major star as I've seen." When a concerned Meals on Wheels supervisor in Sandpoint insisted that a jobless, "scruffy", long-time volunteer who worked for her, keep track of the miles he drove for the organization for reimbursement, she was "dumbstruck" to discover he was a former NFL star.[4]

The lifestyle contrasted with the somewhat rocky moments during his playing days with much attention devoted to flipping off a fan, a loud traffic dispute, and a feud with a Denver gossip columnist.[4] Plummer has also stirred controversy with his support of medical marijuana, which he claims to use regularly to deal with lingering post-football injuries,[31] and hostile reaction to Jerry Jones' dismissal of NFL players with brain injuries.[32] Plummer also started an Alzheimer's foundation, made time during his career to walk dogs at a shelter he donated $10,000 to on retirement, and developed personal connections with children affected by 9/11.[4]

On June 27, 1997, he struck a plea agreement rather than fight charges alleging that he grabbed four women at a nightclub in Tempe, Arizona. He received two years probation, was fined $1,020, and ordered to perform 100 hours of community service.[33] Probation ended after only 9 months due to exemplary behavior with a court spokeswoman stating, "He has done everything we have asked of him, more in fact, significantly more."[34]

In September 2007, Plummer was inducted into the Arizona State Hall of Fame. Later that year, he made a brief appearance in the 2007 Holiday Bowl, when he introduced the ASU players prior to the team playing game. On October 29, 2010, Plummer was honored, along with all Sun Devil Quarterbacks, at a Legends Luncheon hosted by the Arizona State University Alumni Association and Sun Devil Club. Other honorees included Danny White, Andrew Walter, John F. Goodman, and Jeff Van Raaphorst.[35] Plummer has been an assistant football coach at Sandpoint High School since 2009.[36]

Relationship with Pat Tillman


Plummer was a teammate of Pat Tillman, a safety, at both Arizona State and the Arizona Cardinals and the two were close friends.[4] After the 2001 season, while Plummer was still with the Cardinals, Tillman joined the U.S. Army Rangers in response to 9/11. During leave in January 2004, the two showed up unannounced at a handball tournament in Seattle in support of Jake's brother, Eric.[4]

After Tillman's death in Afghanistan on April 22, 2004, all NFL players wore a memorial decal on their helmets on September 24 in honor of Tillman and the Cardinals continued to wear this decal throughout the 2004 season. Plummer by this point was with the Broncos, requested to wear the decal for the entire season, but the NFL turned him down because his helmet would not be the same as the rest of his team. For the 2005 season Plummer grew an untrimmed, full beard and wore his hair long in honor of Tillman,[4] who had worn that style in the NFL before he his hair and shaved off his beard in accordance with military uniform regulations. Plummer gave Tillman's funeral eulogy in a suit and flip-flops in honor of his friend's trademark style.[4]

Medical cannabis advocacy


Plummer uses cannabidiol (CBD) to treat the pain, inflammation, and headaches that he has experienced as a result of his years playing football.[37] He says that his condition improved so much after he started taking CBD that he considered a return to the NFL, almost a decade after retiring.[38] He has served as a spokesperson for CW Botanicals, a company which manufactures CBD products.[37] He has also helped raise funds for cannabinoid research.[39]

In November 2016, Plummer was one of the signatories of an open letter addressed to the NFL, urging a change in the league's policy towards cannabis.[40] Doctors for Cannabis Regulation wrote the letter and it was signed by several NFL players.[41] He is also a member of the Doctors for Cannabis Regulation NFL steering committee.[42]


  1. ^ Gabriel, Parker (July 9, 2022). "From NFL QB to mushroom farmer: Jake Plummer's life-altering journey into the queendom of fungi". USA Today. Retrieved December 28, 2022.
  2. ^ "Jake Plummer wants to live forever".
  3. ^ "WWE legend Jake Roberts says "The Snake" nickname was inspired by an NFL great, recalls a WWE wrestler who was cruel to Damien, says Ultimate Warrior was "a blithering idiot"".
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Ballard, Chris (February 14, 2011). "What Was He Thinking?: You have to wonder why a red-blooded American male in his prime would walk away from fame and fortune as an NFL quarterback to play handball and hang with his family and his dogs. Don't you?". Sports Illustrated. Time Inc. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
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  11. ^ C., Bill. "1996 had a classic upset, a classic Rose Bowl, and a terrifying national champion". Football Study Hall. SB Nation. Retrieved May 4, 2024.
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  13. ^ "1996 Heisman Trophy Voting". College Football at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012.
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  15. ^ Fortuna, Matt (November 8, 2019). "2019 College Football Hall of Fame Profile". National Football Foundation. Retrieved May 4, 2024.
  16. ^ As of 2017; see article Arizona State Sun Devils football statistical leaders or the ASU Media Guide Archived October 25, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
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  26. ^ Jim Flynn (July 26, 2007). "Bucs News & Notes July 26, 2007". PewterReport.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 26, 2007.
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  29. ^ Hammond, Rich (October 19, 2007). "Plummer's handball odyssey". denverpost.com. Retrieved October 22, 2007.
  30. ^ Clemmons, Anna Katherine (November 17, 2008). "Where in the world is Jake Plummer? Playing handball". espn.com. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
  31. ^ Cook, Brandon (December 8, 2014). "A Personal Look At Marijuana Policy". Whaxy. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
  32. ^ Petchesky, Barry (June 29, 2016). "Jake Plummer Has Some Thoughts For "Billionaire Asshole" Jerry Jones". Deadspin.
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  39. ^ Jhabvala, Nicki (October 26, 2017). "Jake Plummer, Realm of Caring team up for another Broncos game-day experience to benefit cannabinoid research". The Denver Post. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  40. ^ Jhabvala, Nicki (November 11, 2016). "Players, Doctors for Cannabis Regulation pen letter to NFL urging policy reform". The Denver Post. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
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