Jake Kilrain

John Joseph Killion (February 9, 1859 – December 22, 1937), more commonly known as Jake Kilrain, was a famous American bare-knuckle fighter and glove boxer of the 1880s.

Jake Kilrain
Jake Kilrain.jpg
Real nameJohn Joseph Killion
Born(1859-02-09)February 9, 1859
Greenpoint, New York
DiedDecember 22, 1937(1937-12-22) (aged 78)
Quincy, Massachusetts
Boxing record
Total fights37
Wins by KO3
No contests1

Early lifeEdit

Kilrain found employment as a teenager in Somerville, Massachusetts. As a country boy from Long Island, he had to learn how to stand up to the workers in the rolling mills. By the age of 20, he had been recognized as the toughest fighter in the mill. Kilrain was also a champion rower having won the National Amateur Junior Sculling Championship in 1883. He was later stripped of that honor when it was discovered that he was a prizefighter and thus could not be considered an amateur.

In 1883, Kilrain took up prizefighting as a profession and quickly established a reputation as a very tough fighter.

Professional careerEdit

World Championship fight with Jem SmithEdit

By 1887 Kilrain already has been recognized as the U.S. National Champion, that gave him an opportunity to fight for the Championship of the World and silver belt versus the British Champion Jem Smith, scheduled to take place in December 1887, in France, at a little island on the River Seine, called St. Pierre d'Autils. The bout was attended by about a hundred of the upper class spectators and journalists, mainly from England, being covered by the major international media of the day, such as Reuters, Gaulois, etc. They fought 1-minute rounds with 30 seconds break between the rounds. At the outset the men fought evenly. After the 3rd round Kilrain scored several knockdowns, and wrestling formed the principal mode of operations for the rest of the fight. Before the 106th round had started, after two hours and a half of fighting (roughly three times the full duration of modern-day 12-round championship fights,) when darkness set in, the bout was stopped due to technical reasons, as no artificial lighting of the scene has been arranged the outcome was called a draw due to darkness.[1]

Clearly dominant throughout the fight (even the English newspapers wrote that "the Englishman was no match for the American crack",) upon his return to the United States, Kilrain was pronounced by Richard K. Fox of the National Police Gazette as Heavyweight Champion of the World for his bout with Jem Smith. The awarding of the belt to Kilrain was part of a strategy by Fox to draw Sullivan into a fight.[2] Any remote claim he had to the title of world champion was lost in 1889 after his loss to John L. Sullivan.

Bout with John L. SullivanEdit

The Kilrain-Sullivan pre-fight poster

Kilrain is perhaps best known for challenging champion John L. Sullivan in 1889 in the last world heavyweight championship prizefight decided with bare knuckles under London Prize Ring rules in history. They fought 1-minute rounds with 50 seconds break between the rounds. In a hard-fought contest, Kilrain lost at the start of the 76th round (after 2 hours 16 minutes[2]) when Mike Donovan, his second, threw in the sponge. Kilrain had not wanted to give up thinking that he could outlast Sullivan, but Donovan defended his actions insisting that Kilrain would have died had the fight gone on. In any case, the Kilrain-Sullivan fight can rightly be listed among the greatest fights of the pre-modern era.

Later careerEdit

Kilrain continued on for 10 more years after the Sullivan fight with gloves under Marquis of Queensberry rules with some success. His most significant win was a 44-round knockout of Boston's George Godfrey in 1891. He retired with a record of 18 wins (3 by KO), 6 losses and 12 draws along with 1 non-decision.[2] He lived in his later years as a devoted family man with his wife and children as proprietor of a saloon in Baltimore, Maryland. After his saloon burned down, he moved back to Somerville and was given a job with the parks department. After government cutbacks during the Great Depression he became a night watchman at a Quincy, Massachusetts shipyard.

In his later life, Kilrain became good friends with John L. Sullivan. When Sullivan died in 1918, Kilrain served as a pallbearer at the funeral. He was also godfather to the English boxer Charley Mitchell's son Charles Mitchell.

Death and HonorsEdit

Kilrain died on December 22, 1937, in a local hospital from complications of old age and diabetes, aged 78.[3]

Kilrain was elected to the Bare Knuckle Boxing Hall of Fame in 2009 and to the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 2012.[4][2]

Scottish boxer and welterweight champion Henry Owens would later fight under the name "Jake Kilrain".

Notable boutsEdit

Result Opponent Type Rd., Time Date Location Notes[5]
Win   George Godfrey KO 44 1891-03-13   California A.C., San Francisco, California
Loss   James J. Corbett PTS 6 1890-02-18   Southern A.C., New Orleans, Louisiana
Loss   John L. Sullivan KO 75 (80) 1889-07-09   Richburg, Mississippi For World Heavyweight Title.
Draw   Jem Smith NC 106 1887-12-19   Island of St. Pierre, Saint-Pierre-d'Autils For World Heavyweight Title.[6] Bout stopped due to darkness.[7]
Draw   Jack Burke PTS 5 1884-12-01   New England Institute, Boston, Massachusetts
Draw   Charley Mitchell PTS 4 1884-03-26   Boston, Massachusetts
Win   George Godfrey TKO 3 (3) 1883-05-16   Boston, Massachusetts
Draw   George Godfrey PTS 3 1882-01-15   Boston, Massachusetts


  1. ^ "The Championship prize fight - The Aberdare Times". Josiah Thomas Jones. 1887-12-24. hdl:10107/3027302. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d "Jake Kilrain". IBHOF.com. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.rarenewspapers.com/view/657602
  4. ^ "BKBHOF Inductees". Bare Knuckle Boxing Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 28 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  5. ^ Jake Kilrain's Professional Boxing Record. BoxRec.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-18.
  6. ^ The Championship prize fight
  7. ^ A Brutal Fight

External linksEdit

Titles in pretence
Inaugural Champion World Heavyweight Champion
December 19, 1887– July 8, 1889
Lost bid for Undisputed Title
Title next held by
Peter Maher