Jaime de Barros Câmara

Jaime de Barros Câmara (July 3, 1894–February 18, 1971) was a Brazilian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro from 1943 to 1971, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII.

Styles of
Jaime de Barros Câmara
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeSão Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro

BiographyEdit

Born in São José, Jaime de Barros Câmara studied at the seminary in São Leopoldo before being ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Joaquim Domingues de Oliveira on January 1, 1920. After doing pastoral work in Florianópolis until 1935, he was made rector of the seminary in that same city. Câmara was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain of His Holiness on April 18, 1935.

On December 19, 1935, Câmara was appointed the first Bishop of Mossoró by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on February 2, 1936, from Archbishop Domingues de Oliveira, with Bishops Pio de Freitas Silveira, CM, and Daniel Hostin, OFM, serving as co-consecrators. Câmara was later named Archbishop of Belém do Pará on September 15, 1941, and Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro on July 3, 1943.

Pope Pius XII created him Cardinal Priest of Santi Bonifacio ed Alessio in the consistory of February 18, 1946. Câmara was made the first Bishop of the Catholic Military Ordinariate of Brazil on November 6, 1950 (a post which he resigned on November 9, 1963), and the first Ordinary for the Eastern Catholics in Brazil on November 14, 1951. The Cardinal attended the first general conference of the Latin American Episcopal Conference in 1955, served as President of the Brazilian Episcopal Conference from 1958 to 1963, and participated in the conclave of 1958. From 1962 to 1965, he attended the Second Vatican Council, during the course of which he served as a cardinal elector in the 1963 papal conclave that selected Pope Paul VI. Along with Lawrence Shehan, he assisted Leo Joseph Suenens in delivering one of the closing messages of the Council delivered by cardinals on December 8, 1965.[1]

During his tenure as Rio de Janeiro's archbishop, Câmara delivered a televised condemnation of Communism.[2] He was also opposed to gambling and the popular Brazilian religious leader, Alziro Zarur.[3][4]

In 1971, Cardinal Câmara died while in the city of Aparecida, at age 76. He is buried in metropolitan cathedral of Rio de Janeiro.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Christus Rex. To Artists Archived 2007-04-03 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ TIME Magazine. The Pope's Man in Recife March 27, 1964
  3. ^ TIME Magazine. The Cross & the Wheel January 21, 1946
  4. ^ TIME Magazine. Zarur the Prophet March 24, 1958

External linksEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
none
Bishop of Mossoró
1935–1941
Succeeded by
João Portocarrero Costa
Preceded by
Antônio de Almeida Lustosa, SDB
Archbishop of Belém do Pará
1941–1943
Succeeded by
Mário de Miranda Villas-Boas
Preceded by
Sebastião da Silveira Cintra
Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro
1943–1971
Succeeded by
Eugênio de Araújo Sales