Jailbirds of Kerensky
Jailbirds of Kerensky (Russian: Птенцы Керенского, Ptentsy Kerenskogo) was the informal term used during the Russian Revolution for people who were released from Russian jails on amnesty. A total of three amnesties were enacted by Russian Minister of Justice Alexander Kerensky in 1917. According to some historians, about 90,000 political prisoners were released along with an unknown number of non-political prisoners.
When Kerensky was appointed a minister of Justice in the newly established Russian Provisional Government, on 16 March [O.S. 3 March] 1917 Russian Ministry of Justice abolished special civil courts, Okhranka (Russian secret police), and the Russian Gendarmerie. On 19 March [O.S. 6 March] 1917 the Kerensky's ministry issued an order of political amnesty. Following that on 27 March [O.S. 14 March] 1917 there was announced military amnesty and after three days the Ministry of Justice issued a ruling "On the relief of the fate of persons who have committed criminal offenses" (Russian: Об облегчении участи лиц, совершивших уголовные преступления).
Following the amnesty, on 22 March 1917 bureau of the Central Committee of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (bolsheviks) adopted resolution about the Provisional Government which stated that the main task of Soviets is "universal arming of people and, in particular, immediate creation of the workers' Red Guards throughout the country". On 26 March 1917 this decision was published in the newspaper "Pravda".
- Ivanov, V. Where have flown "jailbirds of Kerensky"? (Куда улетели «птенцы Керенского»?). Istoriya. 29 November 2017
- Konev, A. Red Guards on the defence of the October, organization of the first detachments of Red Guards and how they were armed (Красная Гвардия на защите Октября - Организация первых отрядов Красной гвардии и их вооружение). Leninism.
- Syromiatnikov, N. "Jailbirds of Kerensky": the First Criminal Revolution in Russia («Птенцы Керенского»: первая криминальная революция в России). Russkaya 7. 5 January 2018
- Galperin, Ye. Jailbirds of Kerensky (Птенцы Керенского). Rabies of the Bastard. "Litres". 2017 ISBN 9785040673834