Jafarabad or Jaffarabad or Jaffar Khan Jamali (Balochi and Urdu: جعفر آباد) district lies in the South-East of the Pakistani province of Balochistan. Jafarabad's headquarters are at Dera Allah Yar. Formerly known as the Jhatpat subdivision, the region was part of the Jacobabad District until 1970 and part of the Sibi District until 1975. It became a district of its own in 1987. Jaffarabad District is sub-divided into three tehsils. At the end of 15th century, Jaffarabad was under of Lasharis. The main tribes of this district are: Jamali, Khoso, Rind, Marri, Bugti, Bulledi, Magsi, Mengal and other communities are Gola, Umrani, lashari, Domki, Kanrani, Gajani, Siapad Brohi and small number of Soomro, bhanger, abro tribes.
Map of Balochistan with Jafarabad District highlighted
|Headquarters||Dera Allah Yar/Usta Mohammad|
|• Total||2,445 km2 (944 sq mi)|
|• Density||210/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
According to the 1998 census, the total population of the district was 433,000. The predominant first language is Balochi, spoken by 62% of the population, followed by Sindhi with 24%, and Saraiki with 11%.
The district is named after Mir Jaffar Khan Jamali, a Muslim League veteran from Balochistan and a close friend of Quaid‑e‑Azam. He contributed towards the promotion of the Muslim League cause in the area. He died on 7 April 1967 and was buried in Rojhan Jamali. Before the creation of Jaffarabad District, during the "One‑Unit" period, this district was known as sub‑division Jhatpat and was a part of Jacobabad district of Sindh province. Jhatpat as a sub‑division is very old. It was raised to sub‑division level on 12 January 1932 with Captain Hoc Bland as the first Assistant Commissioner. On the dissolution of "One‑Unit" in 1970 it was included in Sibi district and remained within the jurisdiction of Sibi district till January 1975. In 1975, when Nasirabad district came into existence, Jhatpat was included in Nasirabad district. The Usta Mohammad sub‑division was a part of Sindh up to very recent years. Usta Mohammad is named after Maulvi Usta Mohammad. Chowki Jamali is a Famous Village of Jaffarabad. Jaffarabad is at a main‑road to Sindh province. Its boundaries link five districts: Larkarna, Jacobabad (Sindh), Nasirabad, Jhall Magsi, and Dera Bugti.
- 1998 District Census report of Jaffarabad. Census publication. 80. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.