Jaen, Nueva Ecija

Jaen, officially the Municipality of Jaen (Tagalog: Bayan ng Jaen), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 79,189 people. [3]

Jaen
Municipality of Jaen
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Jaen
Map of Nueva Ecija with Jaen highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with Jaen highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Jaen is located in Philippines
Jaen
Jaen
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°20′21″N 120°54′25″E / 15.3392°N 120.9069°E / 15.3392; 120.9069Coordinates: 15°20′21″N 120°54′25″E / 15.3392°N 120.9069°E / 15.3392; 120.9069
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon
ProvinceNueva Ecija
District 4th district
FoundedJune 18, 1865
Barangays27 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorSylvia C. Austria
 • Vice MayorLuisito R. Austria
 • RepresentativeEmerson D. Pascual
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate56,416 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total85.46 km2 (33.00 sq mi)
Elevation
22 m (72 ft)
Highest elevation
36 m (118 ft)
Lowest elevation
13 m (43 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total79,189
 • Density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Households
21,000
Economy
 • Income class2nd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence4.14% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱231,800,253.12 (2020)
 • Assets₱382,126,672.53 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱197,227,722.47 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱72,681,590.29 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityNueva Ecija 1 Electric Cooperative (NEECO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
3109
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Native languagesTagalog
Ilocano

HistoryEdit

During the Spanish Era, the municipality was only a component barrio of Gapan. When San Isidro became a town and was separated from Gapan, the town and San Antonio became one of its component barrios. When San Antonio itself became a town, the area was still its component barrio called San Agustin. By 1865, Jaen was known by its old name "Ibayong Ilog", and because there were many people in the river port in what is now Barangay Langla, the town became a centre for trade.

When the place improved and its population grew to no less than 5,000 people, it became a town through a petition filed by the inhabitants through the initiative of two early leaders, Kabesang Prudencio Esquivel and Kapitan Antonio Embuscado. On June 18, 1865, Jaen itself partitioned from San Antonio, and retained Saint Augustine of Hippo as its patron saint. The Spanish officials signed the papers granting the petition that "Ibayong Ilog" be a town in Factoria (now San Isidro) which was then the capital of Nueva Ecija. The declaration was brought to Governor-General Juan de Lara e Irigoyen in Manila, and afterwards was submitted to the Vice-General of the Philippines in the person of Rev Gregorio Martínez. Father Martínez marked the document as approved but later wrote in his own wish that the name "Ibayong Ilog" be changed to the name of his birthplace of Jaén, Spain.

In coordination with Rev Estanislao B. Moso, Kabesang Prudencio and Kapitan Antonio led the establishment of the first Catholic church (the present-day parish church). Jaen is in Central Luzon, in the southern part of Nueva Ecija. About 100 km from Manila via the old Cagayan Valley Road, the town has other road networks connecting it to Nueva Viscaya, Isabela, Pampanga, Olangapo and Bataan. In the olden days, Pampanga River was once the only and the fastest way of transportation in going to Manila and other places.

On August 24, 1896, its people revolted against the Spaniards and in September of the same year, armed with bolos and spears, ambushed and killed forty Spanish soldiers in Lumanas (now a Sitio of Barangay Santo Tomas South). This successful attack made Lumanas a historical site called "Pinagtambangan", where a marker was erected in memory of the event.

[5][6]

GeographyEdit

The municipality is situated in the southern part of Nueva Ecija, some 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Manila. Jaén is bounded by the municipalities of Santa Rosa on the north-east; Zaragoza on the north-west; by San Isidro on the south; San Leonardo on the east and by San Antonio on the west.

The municipality has a land area of 11,800 hectares (29,000 acres) and is divided into 27 barangays, two of which are in the Población proper.

BarangaysEdit

Jaén is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Calabasa
  • Dampulan (Poblacion)
  • Don Mariano Marcos (Poblacion)
  • Hilera
  • Imbunia
  • Imelda de Poblacion (Doña Aurora)
  • Lambakin
  • Langla
  • Magsalisi
  • Malabon-Kaingin
  • Marawa
  • Niyugan
  • Ocampo-Rivera (Poblacion)
  • Pakol
  • Pamacpacan
  • Pinanggaan
  • Putlod
  • San Jose
  • San Josef (Nabao)
  • San Pablo
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Rita
  • Santo Tomas North
  • Santo Tomas South
  • Sapang
  • Ulanin-Pitak
Sitios
  • Sanggalang (Brgy Lambakin)
  • Pampangbana (Brgy Lambakin)
  • Malaiba (Barangay San Jose)
  • Iran (Brgy San Jose)
  • BLISS (Barangay Niyugan)
  • Putol (Barangay Niyugan)
  • Tumana (Brgy Niyugan)
  • Lumanas (Barangay Sto Tomas South)
  • Daang Hapon (Brgy Sto Tomas South)
  • Campugo (Brgy Sto Tomas South)
  • Kaingin (Barangay Sto Tomas North)
  • Muyod (Barangay Sto Tomas North)
  • Macapulo (Barangay San Pablo)
  • Poultry (Barangay Magsalisi)
  • Pinagsugalan (Barangay Pinanggaan)
  • Inalin (Brgy Pinanggaan)
  • Triangulo (Brgy Sapang)
  • Gubat na Munti (Brgy Putlod)
  • Luwasan (Brgy Putlod)
  • Looban (Brgy Putlod)
  • Mitla (Brgy Hilera)
  • Bungo (Brgy San Roque)
  • Dampe (Brgy Dampulan)
  • Bantog (Brgy Marawa)

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Jaen, Nueva Ecija
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
11
(0.4)
66
(2.6)
99
(3.9)
127
(5.0)
113
(4.4)
99
(3.9)
84
(3.3)
35
(1.4)
14
(0.6)
661
(26.1)
Average rainy days 2.2 1.9 3.2 5.3 16.1 20.8 23.5 22.8 22.2 16.5 8.9 3.5 146.9
Source: Meteoblue[7]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Jaen
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,465—    
1918 8,015+3.98%
1939 14,408+2.83%
1948 14,516+0.08%
1960 20,438+2.89%
1970 28,712+3.45%
1975 33,626+3.22%
1980 39,064+3.04%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 47,346+1.94%
1995 53,541+2.33%
2000 58,274+1.83%
2007 63,474+1.19%
2010 67,057+2.02%
2015 73,184+1.68%
2020 79,189+1.56%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[8][9][10][11]

EconomyEdit

Most of the north-western section of the municipality is devoted to rice farming, as rice production is the main livelihood of the populace. Twenty barangays of Jaén are fully irrigated, with about 80% of the land (approximately 9,500 hectares) being suited for rice production.

Mango plantations are found in the southern portion of the municipality. Based on the latest survey, 584 hectares are utilized for mango production, including backyard mango farms. Ten percent of the total agricultural area is for planting vegetables.

In the Población and nearby barangays, several establishments have sprouted. These include agricultural supply traders, dry goods stores, hardware stores, groceries, travel agency, fashion style, pawnshop, banks, supermarkets, gasoline stations, printing presses, and eateries. The public market is in the area.

Among the service businesses in the area are pawn shops, restaurants, auto and motorcycle parts and service, car wash, commercial center, lechon manok and liempo stand, pharmacies, computer repair shops, convenience store, bakery, petrol station, grocery, internet café, tailoring and dress shops and rural banks.

Distilled and purified water processors, mobile phone card dealers, cable and landline telephone businesses are also present in the municipality.

Professional services of doctors, accountants, dentists, lawyers, surveyors and engineers are also prevalent in the town. Most of the unemployed and out-of-school youths are given manual labor by private contractors and the local government unit, such as construction workers and street sweepers.

EducationEdit

High schools
  • San Agustin Diocesan Academy Inc. (formerly Luzon Central Institute, San Agustin Academy and San Agustin Parochial Academy Foundation Inc.)
  • Blessed Hope Christian School in Barangay Antonino (former Barangay Marcos)
  • Jaen National High School (near in Jaen West Elementary School former name Putlod San Jose National High School Annex) in Barangay Dampulan
  • Lambakin National High School (former name Putlod San Jose National High School Annex) in Brgy Lambakin
  • Montesorri School of Jaen Inc. (Pallarca St. Campugo, Santo Tomas South)
  • Putlod San Jose National High School (formerly called Putlod San Jose Barangay High School)
  • Marawa High School (former name Jaen National High School Annex) in Barangay Marawa
  • San Pablo High School (former name Jaen National High School Annex in Barangay San Pablo)
Special Schools
  • Olarte's School of Science & Technology Inc. in Barangay Antonino (former Barangay Marcos)
  • MGP School of Science in Barangay Putlod
  • Angel of Wisdom Interactive School (Nursery,Kinder and Prep) in Barangay Dampulan

GovernmentEdit

Kapitan dela Cruz was later on succeeded by an elected Municipal President, an office superseded by the title "Mayor of Jaén":

  • Apolinario Esquivel (1902 – 1907)
  • Patricio Yambao, Sr. (1916 – 1922)
  • Prudencio Eduardo (1922 – 1925)
  • Delfín Esquivel (1925 – 1928)
  • Patricio Yambao, Sr. (1928 – 1931)
  • Ambrocio Javaluyas (1931 – 1934)
  • Patricio Yambao, Sr. (1934 – 1937)
  • José C. Carlos (1934 – 1945)
  • Bartolome García (1945 – 1954)
  • Bonifacio Hipólito (1954 – 1956)
  • Felix E. Velarde (1956 – 1967)
  • Patricio Yambao, Jr. (1968 – 1971)
  • Felix E. Velarde (1972 – 1979)
  • Franklin Eduardo (1979 – 1986)
  • Patricio Yambao, Jr. (1986 – 1988)
  • Franklin Eduardo (1988 – 1992)
  • Antonio Esquivel (1992 – 1998)
  • Cezar Eduardo (1998 – 2004)
  • Antonio Esquivel (2004 – 2007)
  • Santiago R. Austria (2007 – 2016)
  • Sylvia C. Austria (2016 – 2020)
  • Antonio Esquivel (2020 – 2021)
  • Sylvia C. Austria (2021 – present)
Elected Officials (2010-2013)

Calabasa, Barangay Chairman: Felimon A. Aguilar

  1. Edgardo DG. Santos
  2. Lorenzo Q. Ilano
  3. Benedicta P. Pelayo
  4. Rolando V. Gabriel
  5. Mario D. Flores
  6. Pedro P. Fermin
  7. Edmond A. Agapito
  8. SK Chairman: Leonidez M. Esguerra Jr.

Dampulan (Poblacion), Barangay Chairman: Rolando P. Mangunay

  1. Crisanto E. Matias
  2. Jayrick C. Tagalag
  3. Sonny E. Ignacio
  4. Reynaldo G. De Belen
  5. Dionisio P. Catacutan
  6. Daisy A. Mariano
  7. Lopito E. Dela Cruz
  8. SK Chairman: Krisanda May G. Laureano

G.E. Antonino, Barangay Chairman: Dennis S. Pascual

  1. Elenita D. Zantua
  2. Mark Vic C. Pascual
  3. Nicomedes P. Dalusong
  4. Edwin R. Magtalas
  5. Mario E. Rivera
  6. Restituto R. Galang
  7. Jennifer C. Olarte
  8. SK Chairman: Ryan Joseph V. Parumog

Hilera, Barangay Chairman: German I. Francisco

  1. Chrisopher C. Alfaro
  2. Angelito P. Bauto
  3. Pepito C. Santos
  4. Nestor F. Reyes
  5. Faustino L. Isidro
  6. Benedicto G. Sebastian
  7. Delwin C. Lustre
  8. SK Chairman: Jomar F. Sebastian

Imbunia, Barangay Chairman: Jacinto M Capinpin

  1. Paulino V. De Leon
  2. David DC. Martin
  3. Nestor DC. Ramos
  4. Ricardo H. Antonio
  5. Gabriel R. Duldulao
  6. Magdalena E. Nagum
  7. Felipa C. Padolina
  8. SK Chairman: Germie J. Pradez

Apolinario Esquivel, Barangay Chairman: Jose A. Mendoza Jr.

  1. Bernardo L. Villaroza
  2. Arnel M Doncillo
  3. Danilo M. Noveda
  4. Edwin R. Vallarta
  5. Angel M. Hernandez
  6. Julian DR. Galang
  7. SK Chairman: John Anthony D. Payumo

Lambakin, Barangay Chairman: Dionisio G. Robles

  1. Andres DB Santor
  2. Rizal F. Santa Ana
  3. Marcelo DG. Mauricio
  4. Efren V. Viesca
  5. Rafael I. Del Rosario
  6. Zoilo Q De Belen
  7. Julio R. Ocampo
  8. SK Chairman: Froilan A. Valdez

Langla, Barangay Chairman: Enrique P. San Gabriel

  1. Reynaldo V. Padolina
  2. Edna N. Flaminiano
  3. Wilfredo G. Agito
  4. Mamerto M. Del Rosario
  5. Paquito DG. Padolina
  6. Honorio P. Gervacio
  7. Abraham R. San Gabriel
  8. SK Chairman: Neil Aldrin D. Mauricio

Magsalisi, Barangay Chairman: Mercelita A. Miranda

  1. Crisostomo A. Lazaro
  2. Ernesto P. Mangulabnan
  3. Agueda V. Roque
  4. Leonardo C. Ramos
  5. Rolando R. Rosales
  6. Crispin C. Dalaywan
  7. Ariel L. Lualhati
  8. SK Chairman: Cesar C. Hizon Jr.

Malabon-Kaingin, Barangay Chairman: Roberto G. Manliclic

  1. Conchita P. Gamboa
  2. Victorino R. Roque
  3. Zoilo DJ. Dela Cruz
  4. Bartolome DC. Mendoza
  5. Eduardo B. Padernilla
  6. Marcelina F. Mendoza
  7. Gloria D. Abergas
  8. SK Chairman: Arlene B. Manalili

Marawa, Barangay Chairman: Magdalena P. Ison

  1. Efren I. Ison
  2. Edward I. Bauto
  3. Adriano C. Ignacio
  4. Myrna E. Gatuz
  5. Avelino R. Pineda
  6. Novy G. Bauto
  7. Domingo DL. Velasquez
  8. SK Chairman: Margie I. Reyes

Niyugan, Barangay Chairman: Pablito S. Pangilinan

  1. Mario P. Dela Cruz
  2. Elvira A. Catalan
  3. Cesar E. Bitangcol
  4. Ronaldo P. Balagtas
  5. Ronaldo Q. Diaz Sr.
  6. Alex S. Flores
  7. Jessie F. Mateo
  8. SK Chairman: Ryreens J. Javate

Ocampo -Rivera District (Poblacion), Barangay Chairman: Perfecto DC. Efecticio

  1. Florencio S. Bustamante
  2. Danilo H. Guevarra
  3. Lourdes A. Dionisio
  4. Robert M. Herrera
  5. Luciana S. Herrera
  6. Wenceslao G. Elvambuena
  7. Melencio DC. Efecticio
  8. SK Chairman: Ram Dominic M. Aguilar

Pakul, Barangay Chairman: Nemencio P. Gatuz

  1. Rufino P. Pascual
  2. Lauro B. Flores
  3. Pascual B. Castro
  4. Victor B. Feliciano
  5. Celso J. Feliciano
  6. Librado DB. Hipolito
  7. Leoncio M. Bartolome
  8. SK Chairman: Florence F. Bartolome

Pamacpacan, Barangay Chairman: Clifford S. Miranda

  1. Eufronio E. Santa Maria
  2. Delfin A. De Belen
  3. Rommel DG. Miranda
  4. Carlito A. Baltazar
  5. Rogelio F. Santa Maria
  6. Efren D. Cano
  7. Ernesto J. Del Rosario
  8. SK Chairman: Angelica C. Santa Maria

Pinanggaan, Barangay Chairman: Julio P. Gonzales

  1. Eduardo F. Jorda
  2. Rolando G. Linsangan
  3. Felimon M. Torres
  4. Amado B. Ubaldo
  5. Flavio P. Casino
  6. Sofronio M. Cuevas
  7. Antonio P. Buenaventura
  8. SK Chairman: Antonio G. De Guzman

Putlod, Barangay Chairman: Antonina C. Pillarina

  1. Mario E. Bondoc
  2. Rodel J. Valenzuela
  3. Anselmo A. Pallanan
  4. Restitita A. Eduardo
  5. Elvira S. Censon
  6. Sherwin E. Ignacio
  7. Rizal C. Esquivel
  8. SK Chairman: Princess Dianne E. Galang

San Jose Barangay Chairman: Leopoldo I Santos

  1. Jerry L Laureano
  2. Rodolfo J. Esguerra
  3. Luisito P. Javate
  4. Florencio S. Manalaysay
  5. Albert E. Mangunay
  6. Judith J. Espiritu
  7. Gavino G. Javate
  8. SK Chairman: Czarmaine Joyce C. Ramos

San Josef (Navao), Barangay Chairman: Elvin Jay Javaluyas

  1. Edwin A. Jalova
  2. Roylan A. Ignacio
  3. Ericson DB. Espiritu
  4. Roberto F. Parumog
  5. Pedro R. Dionisio
  6. Erwin M. Mariano
  7. Rodolfo B. Diaz
  8. SK Chairman: Arnold Joseph DJ. Martin

San Pablo, Barangay Chairman: Emmanuel S. Leabres

  1. Eugenio G. Torres
  2. Felimon L. Geronimo
  3. Edgardo S. Lubao
  4. Gregorio G. Bate
  5. Aurea C. De Leon
  6. Arnel S. Cabado
  7. Benigno G. Mariano
  8. SK Chairman: Ariane Joyce C. Santos

San Roque, Barangay Chairman: Elmer DR. Galang

  1. Irineo R. Evangelista
  2. Eriberto G. Pangilinan
  3. Celso H. Castillo
  4. Angelito B. Francisco
  5. Rolando M. Juliano
  6. Ramon B. Mendoza
  7. Edna V. Reyes
  8. SK Chairman: Joanna Marie DC. Duran

San Vicente, Barangay Chairman: Felix DB. De Luna

  1. Ferdinand R. Gokesan
  2. Angelica P. Paynor
  3. Romulo S. Hipolito
  4. Floid E. Dela Peña
  5. Lazaro P. Dela Paz
  6. Jose T. Gatuz
  7. Melecio G. Hermosa
  8. SK Chairman: Bernadette V. Paynor

Santa Rita, Barangay Chairman: Arsenio C. Santos

  1. Raymundo B. Reyes
  2. Wilfredo DC. Ramos
  3. Enrico G. Tigulo
  4. Edgardo B. Cristobal
  5. Edgardo G. Valenton
  6. Jimmy A. Ramos
  7. Roberto B. Nepomuceno
  8. SK Chairman: Wilma DC. Ador Dionisio

Santo Tomas North, Barangay Chairman: Wilson B. Santos

  1. Babylyn Y. De Jesus
  2. Allan Joel A. Pineda
  3. Efren M. Yambot
  4. Ernesto SD Yambot
  5. Josephine J. Yambot
  6. Norberto DG. Del Rosario
  7. Carlos A. Cullado
  8. SK Chairman: Christian G. De Belen

Santo Tomas South, Barangay Chairman: Reynaldo C. Pallarca

  1. Samuel DG. Canosa
  2. Adriano DB. Antonino
  3. Reynaldo S. Granados
  4. Jose P. Galang
  5. Fermin A. Ramos
  6. Romeo M. Rizari
  7. Alejandro C. Balcos
  8. SK Chairman: John Kenneth DG. Pajarillo

Sapang, Barangay Chairman: Eduardo P. Yanga

  1. Pacencia B. Centeno
  2. Ramon M. Daquiz
  3. Clodualdo L. Esquivel
  4. Lea V. Quetua
  5. Emiliano VC. Masinag
  6. Benedicta V. Yanga
  7. Martinito F. Custodio
  8. SK Chairman: Khelvin Chris E. Balisi

Ulanin-Pitak, Barangay Chairman:Wally P. Hipolito

  1. Nelson B. Manalo
  2. Gil H. Reyes
  3. Sergio D. Castro
  4. Vicente M. Mactal
  5. Efren DL. Reyes
  6. Manuel M. De Guzman
  7. Felix V. Pacion
  8. SK Chairman: Rodrigo V. Peralta

Note: No information available in Comelec for the 2013-2016 election results.

TourismEdit

  • Lolita Ilao Memorial Library: The library was donated by Mr. Tommy Ilao for the people of Jaén and is located at Barangay Dampulan, beside West Elementary School...already closed....
  • Pinaglabanan Marker (Lumanas, Sto Tomas South, Jaen, Nueva Ecija): The marker stands where the historical battle between the Spaniards and the people of Jaen took place on September 4, 1896. The group was led by Lt. Col. Delfin Esquivel and they used bolos, spears and several guns. It can be seen now along Sto Tomas South main road (Jaen - Santa Rosa Road) corner Sitio Lumanas (first corner to your right going to Sitio Lumanas if you going to Sto Tomas North)
  • Jaén Fruit and Sweets Stands: varieties of fruits in Barangay Sapang along National Highway
  • Lugawan stall line along Brgy Sapang
  • Lorenzo Farm (Place for Yard wedding or any celebration) in Brgy Dampulan
  • Homesite Commercial Business Center in Brgy Dampulan across Brgy Hall
  • Resorts:
    • Villa Aurora Resort (Barangay San Josef)
    • Golden Shower Resort (Barangay Niyugan)
    • Tata Guring Mini Resort (Barangay Sto Tomas South)
    • DelFreds Resort ( BarangaySan Pablo)
    • Rocky's Resort ( Sitio. Riverside, Barangay Magsalisi)
  • Community
    • Augustinian Alumni Association Jaen, N.E.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Jaen | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ "About Us". Zeibiz. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  6. ^ "Contact Us". Zeibiz. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "Jaen: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  8. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

External linksEdit