Jaeger Brigade

The Jaeger Brigade (Jääkäriprikaati) is a unit of the Finnish Army. The unit is located in Sodankylä and Rovaniemi in Finnish Lapland, some 130 kilometres (81 mi) north of the Arctic Circle. The brigade trains 1600 conscripts per year. The brigade has two main units: Lapland Jaeger Battalion in Sodankylä and Lapland Air Defence Battalion at Rovaniemi air base.[2]

Jaeger Brigade
Jääkäriprikaati
Jaeger Brigade PSTK 1997.jpg
A barracks building of the Jaeger Brigade at Sodankylä
Active1919–1921:Käkisalmen rykmentti (Käkisalmi Regiment)
1921–1936: Polkupyöräpataljoona 1 (Bicycle Battalion 1)
1936–1957: Jääkäripataljoona 1 (Jaeger Battalion 1)
1957–1964: Pohjanmaan jääkäripataljoona (Ostrobothnia Jaeger Battalion)
1964–1979: Lapin Jääkäripataljoona (Lapland Jaeger Battalion)
1979–: Jääkäriprikaati Jaeger Brigade[1]
Country Finland
BranchFinnish Army seal Finnish Army
TypeInfantry and Anti-Air
RoleArctic and Anti-aircraft warfare training
Size1600 conscripts, 370 career personnel, of whom 140 military career personnel
GarrisonSodankylä and Rovaniemi
Nickname(s)Jiipeeär, Jipri
MarchThe Jäger March by Jean Sibelius
EquipmentSisu Nasu and Bandvagn 206 Leopard 2A4
Commanders
ColonelSami-Antti Takamaa
Insignia
Unit insigniaJääkäriprikaatin joukko-osastotunnus.svg

The Jaeger Brigade specialises in training soldiers for the harsh climate of Lapland. Brigade is also responsible for developing arctic warfare tactics and equipment in cooperation with Swedish and Norwegian arctic forces. Their expertise in cold-weather warfare is widely recognized; members of the U.S. and other militaries come to Sodankylä in winter to learn from them.[3]

Troops are motorized by all-terrain vehicles Sisu Nasu and Bandvagn 206 due their better movement on arctic conditions compared to heavy armed vehicles.

OrganisationEdit

  • Lapland Jaeger Battalion (Lapin Jääkäripataljoona) in Sodankylä[4]
    • 1st Jaeger Company (1. Jääkärikomppania)
    • 2nd Jaeger Company (2. Jääkärikomppania)
    • 3rd Jaeger Company (3. Jääkärikomppania)
    • Headquarters Company (Esikuntakomppania)
    • Logistics Company (Huoltokomppania)
    • Support Company (Tukikomppania)
  • Rovaniemi Air Defence Battalion (Rovaniemen Ilmatorjuntapatteristo)[5]
    • 1st Air Defence Battery (1. Ilmatorjuntapatteri)
    • 2nd Air Defence Battery (2. Ilmatorjuntapatteri)
    • Base Company (Tukikohtakomppania)

HistoryEdit

The Brigade follows the traditions of the 27th Prussian Jaeger Battalion, JR 27 (27th Infantry regiment) (which fought during the Finnish civil war) and the 6th Division (which fought during the Continuation War). In addition, the Brigade carries the traditions of Pohja Brigade, Ostrobothnia Jaeger Battalion (Finnish: Pohjanmaan Jääkäripataljoona)[6] In addition to these, the Brigade carries the traditions of numerous other historical units that have either been its organisational predecessors or manned by the men of Lapland.[7]

The Lapland Jaeger Battalion traces back its roots to the 1st Bicycle Battalion, founded in 1921. That unit later formed the 1st Jaeger Battalion which fought during the Winter War and the Continuation War.[4]

Rovaniemi Air Defence Battalion traces its lineage to the 151st Light Air Defence Battery, founded in 1941. In 1944, following the Continuation War, this unit became the 1st Battalion of Air Defence Regiment 2. In 1967, the unit received the provincial name of Ostrobothnia Air Defence Battalion (Finnish: Pohjanmaan Ilmatorjuntapatteristo), which was changed to the current name in 1974. During 1989-2014, the battalion was part of Lapland Air Defence Regiment.[5]

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jääkäripataljoona 1 Archived 2005-03-07 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2-28-2008. (in Finnish)
  2. ^ Organisaatio Archived 2015-06-20 at the Wayback Machine. Finnish Defence Forces 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2015-06-19. (in Finnish)
  3. ^ Wolman, David (December 11, 2017). "Red Dawn in Lapland". Outside. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  4. ^ a b Lapin Jääkäripataljoona Archived 2015-06-20 at the Wayback Machine. Finnish Defence Forces. 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2015-06-09. (in Finnish)
  5. ^ a b Rovaniemen ilmatorjuntapatteristo Archived 2015-06-20 at the Wayback Machine. Finnish Defence Forces 2014-06-19. Retrieved 2015-06-19. (in Finnish)
  6. ^ The Ostrobothnia Jaeger Battalion referred to here is not the same unit as the current battalion of the same name in Pori Brigade, founded in 2015. That battalion has not, at the time of writing, been assigned the traditions of the former battalion and Jaeger Brigade official site still claims the traditions.
  7. ^ Historia ja perinteet Archived 2015-06-20 at the Wayback Machine. Finnish Defence Forces. 2014-06-19. Retrieved 2015-06-20. (in Finnish).