Jacques Martin (ice hockey)
Jacques Martin (born October 1, 1952) is a Canadian professional ice hockey coach and executive, currently serving as an assistant coach of the Pittsburgh Penguins. In the National Hockey League (NHL), he has been the head coach of the St. Louis Blues, Ottawa Senators, Montreal Canadiens and the Florida Panthers. Martin was also the general manager with the Panthers, and has served as an assistant coach with the Canadian men's national ice hockey team. Martin is a Franco-Ontarian, and a two-time Stanley Cup champion.
|Born||October 1, 1952|
Rockland, Ontario, Canada
|Previous team(s)||St. Louis Blues|
|Stanley Cup wins||2|
|Years as a coach||c.1980–present|
- 1 Personal
- 2 Coaching career
- 2.1 Peterborough Petes (1983–85)
- 2.2 Guelph Platers (1985–86)
- 2.3 St. Louis Blues (1986–88)
- 2.4 Chicago Blackhawks (1988–90)
- 2.5 Quebec Nordiques/Colorado Avalanche (1990–96)
- 2.6 Ottawa Senators (1995–2004)
- 2.7 Florida Panthers (2004–09)
- 2.8 Montreal Canadiens (2009–12)
- 2.9 Pittsburgh Penguins (2013-present)
- 2.10 Coaching record
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Martin was born in Rockland, Ontario and raised in Saint-Pascal-Baylon, Ontario. He left the family farm at the age of 13 and moved to Ottawa to pursue his high school education. Martin attended post-secondary education at St. Lawrence University in New York State and at the University of Ottawa. While at St. Lawrence, Martin played goaltender for the college team, appearing in 28 games.
Martin taught at the Department of Physical Education at Algonquin College for seven years, during which time he coached the Rockland Nats and the Hawkesbury Hawks junior hockey teams. Martin was a high school French teacher at Peterborough Collegiate and Vocational Institute in Peterborough, Ontario just prior to being called on to coach hockey in the NHL (1984/1985). Every summer for over 20 years Martin, along with his daughter Angela, has run the Jacques Martin Hockey School for children age 7 – 17 in Rigaud, Quebec. His other daughter Nathalee works for cheesemaker Saint-Albert.
Peterborough Petes (1983–85)Edit
Martin served as an assistant coach with the Peterborough Petes of the OHL in 1983-84, working under head coach Dick Todd. In his first season with the Petes, the team finished with a 43–23–4 record, finishing in third place in the Leyden Division. In the playoffs, the Petes swept the Cornwall Royals in the first round, before losing to the Toronto Marlboros in the second round.
Martin returned to the Petes in 1984-85 season, as the team finished with the best record in the Leyden Division with a 42–20–4 record. In the post-season, Peterborough made it to the J. Ross Robertson Cup finals, however, they lost to the Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds in six games.
After the season, Martin left Peterborough and became the head coach of the Guelph Platers.
Guelph Platers (1985–86)Edit
Martin became the head coach of the Guelph Platers of the OHL in 1985-86, as he took over the rebuilding club, who missed the playoffs the previous season. Under Martin, the Platers finished second in the Emms Division with a 41–23–2 record, earning 84 points, which was a 37-point improvement for the team. In the playoffs, the Platers would win the J. Ross Robertson Cup, defeating the Belleville Bulls in the final round, to advance to the 1986 Memorial Cup, held in Portland, Oregon. In the Memorial Cup, the Platers earned a 2–1 record in the round-robin, and advanced straight to the finals. In the final game of the tournament, Guelph defeated the Hull Olympiques by a score of 6-2 to capture the Memorial Cup. Martin won the Matt Leyden Trophy awarded to the best coach in the OHL.
Following the season, Martin left the Platers and became the head coach of the St. Louis Blues.
St. Louis Blues (1986–88)Edit
Martin took over as the head coach of the St. Louis Blues in 1986-87. On October 9, 1986, Martin coached and won his first career NHL game, defeating the Los Angeles Kings 4-3. Despite the team finishing the season with an under .500 record of 32–33–15, the Blues had the best record in the Norris Division. In the first round of the playoffs, the Blues were upset by the Toronto Maple Leafs, losing in six games.
The Blues had another mediocre regular season in 1987-88, as the club finished with a 34–38–8 record, finishing in second place in the Norris Division. In the post-season, the Blues defeated the Chicago Blackhawks in five games in the Norris Division semi-finals, however, St. Louis lost to the Detroit Red Wings in five games in the division final. After the season, the Blues fired Martin.
Chicago Blackhawks (1988–90)Edit
Martin became an assistant coach under newly hired Chicago Blackhawks head coach Mike Keenan in 1988-89. In his first season with the Hawks, the club finished in the fourth and final playoff position in the Norris Division with a 27–41–12 record. In the post-season, the Blackhawks upset the division-winning Detroit Red Wings in the first round, defeating them in six games. In the Norris Division finals against Martin's former club, the St. Louis Blues, the Blackhawks continued their Cinderella run, defeating the favoured Blues in five games, advancing to the Campbell Conference final, against the Calgary Flames. The Blackhawks would lose to the Flames in five games, who went on to win the Stanley Cup.
The Blackhawks improved in the regular season in 1989-90, having the best record in the Norris Division with a 41–33–6, 88-point season. In the post-season, the Blackhawks defeated the Minnesota North Stars and St. Louis Blues to advance to the Campbell Conference finals for the second straight season. The Blackhawks run would end, as the Edmonton Oilers defeated Chicago in six games.
After the season, Martin left the Blackhawks and joined the Quebec Nordiques as an assistant coach.
Quebec Nordiques/Colorado Avalanche (1990–96)Edit
Martin joined the Quebec Nordiques as an associate coach, working under newly hired head coach Dave Chambers, in 1990-91. The rebuilding Nordiques had a tough season, going 16–50–14, missing the post-season.
Quebec saw some improvement in the 1991-92 season, as the club had a 20–48–12 record, however, the team once again finished in last place in the Adams Division, missing the playoffs. Head coach Dave Chambers was fired early in the season, and was replaced with Pierre Page, as Martin was retained as the associate coach.
The Nordiques saw great improvement in 1992-93, as the club finished with a 47–27–10 record, earning 104 points, and second place in the Adams Division, qualifying for the post-season. In the first round, Quebec lost a thrilling series to the Montreal Canadiens in six games.
Martin was assigned to the Nordiques AHL affiliate, the Cornwall Aces, as head coach for the 1993-94 season. The Aces finished the year with a 33–36–11 record, third in the Southern Division, and a berth into the post-season. In the playoffs, the Aces defeated the Hamilton Canucks in the first round, followed by defeating the favoured Hershey Bears in seven games in the second round. The Aces then lost to the Moncton Hawks in the third round.
Martin returned to the Nordiques as an assistant coach under Marc Crawford in 1994-95. Quebec finished the season with the best record in the Eastern Conference, going 30–13–5 in the lockout shortened season. In the playoffs, the Nordiques were upset by the eighth seeded New York Rangers in six games. After the season, the Nordiques franchise relocated to Denver, Colorado and became the Colorado Avalanche.
Ottawa Senators (1995–2004)Edit
Martin joined the Ottawa Senators midway through the 1995-96 season, taking over a club which had a record of 8–35–1. Martin coached his first game as the Senators' head coach on January 24, 1996, losing 4-3 to the Pittsburgh Penguins. After going winless in his first three games, he earned his first win with Ottawa on January 29, 1996, defeating his former team, the St. Louis Blues 4-2. The club improved slightly under Martin, as he led the team to a 10–24–4 record over their final 38 games, as Ottawa missed the playoffs. A highlight for the team was on April 13, 1996, the Senators defeated the defending Stanley Cup champions, the New Jersey Devils 5-2, eliminating the Devils from the post-season, who needed a victory to make the playoffs.
The Senators improved greatly in 1996-97, as Ottawa finished the year with a 31–36–15 record, making the post-season for the first time in team history. In the post-season, the Senators took the heavily favoured Buffalo Sabres to overtime in game seven, before losing the game 1-0, and the series.
Ottawa continued to improve in 1997-98, as the team finished with a winning record for the first time, going 34–33–15, and making the post-season once again. In the playoffs, the eighth seeded Senators stunned the New Jersey Devils in the first round, defeating them in six games. In the second round, Ottawa lost to the Washington Capitals in five games.
The Senators had the best record in the Northeast Division in 1998-99, going 44–23–15, earning 103 points. Martin was awarded the Jack Adams Award as the best head coach in the NHL. In the playoffs, the Senators were swept by the Buffalo Sabres, quickly ending their season.
Ottawa had another strong regular season in 1999-2000, going 41–28–11–2, finishing second in the Northeast Division. The Senators faced their provincial rivals, the Toronto Maple Leafs, in the first round of the playoffs, as the underdog Leafs defeated the Senators in six games.
The club had a very strong season in 2000-01, as Ottawa finished with their second Northeast Division title in three years, going 48–21–9–4, earning 109 points, and second in the Eastern Conference. In the first round of the playoffs, the Senators faced the Toronto Maple Leafs for the second consecutive season, and once again, the Maple Leafs pulled off the upset, sweeping the heavily favoured Senators in four games.
The Senators struggled at times during the 2001-02, as the club dealt away top player Alexei Yashin to the New York Islanders during the off-season. Martin coached the Senators for their first 80 games, going 38–26–9–7. Martin stepped aside for the final two games, allowing assistant coach Roger Neilson to head coach the team, so Neilson could get to 1000 games as a head coach. Martin returned to the Senators bench in the playoffs, as Ottawa faced the Philadelphia Flyers in the opening round of the playoffs. The Senators defeated the Flyers in five games, setting up a third straight meeting with the Toronto Maple Leafs in the second round. Ottawa took Toronto to a seventh game, however, the team once again lost to their provincial rivals.
Ottawa finished the 2002-03 with the best record in the league, winning the President's Trophy for the first time in team history, with a 52–21–8–1 record, earning 113 points. In the post-season, the Senators defeated the New York Islanders in five games in the first round, followed by a six-game series win over the Philadelphia Flyers, as the team reached the Eastern Conference finals for the first time in club history. In the series against the New Jersey Devils, Ottawa fell behind three games to one, however, the Senators rallied to tie the series, setting up a seventh and deciding game. In the seventh game, the Senators lost the game, and series, on a late third period goal.
Heading into the 2003-04 season, the Senators were heavy favourites to win the Stanley Cup. The team had a very good regular season, going 43–23–10–6, earning 102 points, and fifth place in the Eastern Conference. In the first round of the playoffs, Ottawa faced the Toronto Maple Leafs for their fourth playoff meeting in five years. The Leafs managed to defeat the Senators again, winning the series in seven games.
After the season, the Senators fired Martin.
Florida Panthers (2004–09)Edit
Martin was hired as head coach of the Florida Panthers on May 26, 2004. Due to the 2004-05 NHL lockout, the season was cancelled. Martin coached his first game with the Panthers on October 5, 2005, as the team defeated the Atlanta Thrashers 2-0. In his first year with the club in 2005-06, the Panthers went 37–34–11. However, the team failed to make the playoffs.
On September 3, 2006, the Panthers general manager, Mike Keenan, resigned from the position, and Martin took over the job, while remaining the head coach. Florida once again missed the playoffs in 2006-07, as the club went 35–31–16. The Panthers continued to struggle in 2007-08, as Florida posted a 38–35–9 record, failing to make the playoffs for the third consecutive season under Martin. On April 11, 2008, the Panthers fired Martin as head coach, but he remained the general manager. Martin hired Peter DeBoer to become the head coach of the Panthers. As the general manager in 2008-09, the Panthers improved to a 41–30–11 record, earning 93 points, however, Florida once again failed to make the playoffs. On May 16, 2009, Martin resigned from his position.
Montreal Canadiens (2009–12)Edit
On June 1, 2009, Martin signed with the Montreal Canadiens to become their head coach, taking over the position from interim head coach Bob Gainey. Martin coached his first game with the Canadiens on October 1, 2009, defeating the Toronto Maple Leafs 4-3 in overtime. The team finished the 2009-10 season with a 39–33–10 record, making the playoffs as the eighth and final seed in the Eastern Conference. In the post-season, the Canadiens upset the top seeded Washington Capitals in seven games in the first round. Montreal continued their playoff run by defeating the favoured Pittsburgh Penguins in seven games in the second round, reaching the Eastern Conference finals against the Philadelphia Flyers. The Canadiens struggled against Philadelphia, as they were shutout in three of their four losses, as the club lost in five games.
The Canadiens had a solid regular season in 2010-11 season, going 44–30–8, earning 96 points, an eight-point improvement over the previous season. In the playoffs, the Canadiens lost to their archrivals, the Boston Bruins in the first round, losing game seven in overtime to be eliminated.
Montreal struggled to begin the 2011-12 season, as the team had a 13–12–9 record in their first 34 games. On December 17, 2011, the Canadiens fired Martin, and replaced him with assistant coach Randy Cunneyworth, who was once Martin's captain on the Ottawa Senators, on an interim basis.
Pittsburgh Penguins (2013-present)Edit
Martin joined the Pittsburgh Penguins as an assistant coach under Dan Bylsma for the 2013-14 season, as he was hired for the position on August 9, 2013. In his first season with the club, the Penguins recorded a 51–24–7 record, earning 109 points, finishing in first place in the Metropolitan Division. The Penguins defeated the Columbus Blue Jackets in six games in the first round, however, they lost to the New York Rangers in seven games in the second round. On July 23, 2014, the Penguins announced that Martin was promoted to senior advisor of hockey operations. On December 12, 2015, he was named assistant coach after head coach Mike Johnston and Gary Agnew were fired. On June 12, 2016, he won his first Stanley Cup in a 4–2 series win against the San Jose Sharks (and nearly dropped it during the on-ice celebration). On June 11, 2017, Martin won the Cup for the second time as the Penguins defeated the Nashville Predators in a 4-2 series win.
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|STL||1986–87||80||32||33||15||–||79||1st in Norris||2||4||.333||Lost in First round|
|STL||1987–88||80||34||38||8||–||76||2nd in Norris||5||5||.500||Lost in Second round|
|OTT||1995–96||38||10||24||4||–||(41)||6th in Northeast||0||0||–||Missed Playoffs|
|OTT||1996–97||82||31||36||15||–||77||3rd in Northeast||3||4||.429||Lost in First round|
|OTT||1997–98||82||34||33||15||-||83||5th in Northeast||5||6||.455||Lost in Second round|
|OTT||1998–99||82||44||23||15||-||103||1st in Northeast||0||4||.000||Lost in First round|
|OTT||1999–2000||82||41||28||11||2||95||2nd in Northeast||2||4||.333||Lost in First round|
|OTT||2000–01||82||48||21||9||4||109||1st in Northeast||0||4||.000||Lost in First round|
|OTT||2001–02||80||38||26||9||7||94||3rd in Northeast||7||5||.583||Lost in Second round|
|OTT||2002–03||82||52||21||8||1||113||1st in Northeast||11||7||.611||Lost in Conf. Finals|
|OTT||2003–04||82||43||23||10||6||102||3rd in Northeast||3||4||.429||Lost in First round|
|FLA||2005–06||82||37||34||–||11||85||4th in Southeast||0||0||–||Missed Playoffs|
|FLA||2006–07||82||35||31||–||16||86||4th in Southeast||0||0||–||Missed Playoffs|
|FLA||2007–08||82||38||35||–||9||85||3rd in Southeast||0||0||–||Missed Playoffs|
|MTL||2009–10||82||39||33||–||10||88||4th in Northeast||9||10||.474||Lost in Conf. Finals|
|MTL||2010–11||82||44||30||–||8||96||2nd in Northeast||3||4||.429||Lost in First round|
|MTL||2011–12||32||13||12||–||7||(78)||5th in Northeast||-||-||-||(fired)|
- "Executive Bios: Jacques Martin Assistant Coach". penguins.nhl.com. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
- "A big part of the `process': Jacques Martin has delivered the Senators to the next level." Roy MacGregor. The Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ont.: Apr 30, 1998. pg. E.1.FRO
- "New Senators coach has the touch." Allen Panzeri. The Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ont.: Jan 31, 1996. pg. C.1
| Head coach of the St. Louis Blues
| Head coach of the Ottawa Senators
| Winner of the Jack Adams Award
| Head coach of the Florida Panthers
| General Manager of the Florida Panthers
| Head coach of the Montreal Canadiens