Jacobo Kyushei Tomonaga

Jacobo Kyushei Gorobioye Tomonaga de Santa María (Japanese: ヤコボ・デ・サンタ・マリア朝長五郎兵衛, Yakobo de Santa Maria Tomonaga Gorōbyōe; c. 1582 – August 17, 1633) was a Japanese Dominican priest. He composed one of the first modern Japanese dictionaries.[1] Martyred in 1633.


Jacobo Kyushei Gorobioye Tomonaga de Santa María
Bornc. 1582
Kuidetsu, Ōmura Domain, Hizen Province (modern Ōmura, Nagasaki), Japan
Died(1633-08-17)17 August 1633
Nagasaki, Hizen Province, Japan
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified18 February 1981, Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines by Pope John Paul II
Canonized18 October 1987, St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Major shrineMinor Basilica of the National Shrine of Saint Lorenzo Ruiz, Binondo, Manila, Philippines
Feast17 August


Jacobo Kyushei Gorobioye Tomonaga was born of a noble Christian family in Kuidetsu (part of modern Ōmura, Nagasaki), Japan. In his youth, he studied with the Jesuits and became a catechist. After 1614, he came to Manila and became a Franciscan tertiary. He then sought admission to the Dominican Order and was accepted. He was ordained a priest in 1626[2] and sent to the island of Formosa (Taiwan). He returned to Manila in 1630.[3]

He returned to Japan in 1632 as a missionary.[4] He served to spread Catholism during the period of Christians persecution.[5]

After returning to Japan he spent very difficult years of hunger, his life was at risk and he was continually in hiding. In July 1633 his hiding place was uncovered by the authorities with the help of the traitor Matthew Kohioye, who was his own catechist, he was caught and put into prison. There he was tortured by gallows and thrown into a pit on 15 August 1633. In two days he was dead. His body was not buried but burnt and thrown into the sea.[6]

Jacobo Kyushei Tomonaga was declared Venerable on 11 October 1980 by Pope John Paul II (decree of martyrdom), who later beatified him on 18 February 1981 in Manila, Philippines [5] and canonized him on 18 October 1987 in St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City.[6]


  1. ^ Meconi, David Vincent. 101 Surprising Facts About Church History, Saint Benedict Press, LLC, 2016.
  2. ^ Holböck, Ferdinand. New Saints and Blesseds of the Catholic Church: Blesseds and saints canonized by Pope John Paul II during the years 1979-1983 United States, Ignatius Press, 2000. p. 65
  3. ^ Resch, Andreas. "Giacomo Kyuhei Gorobioye Tomonaga", Santi e Beati, June 30, 2012
  4. ^ Holböck, Ferdinand. New Saints and Blesseds of the Catholic Church, Vol. I, Ignatius Press, 2000 ISBN 9780898707540
  5. ^ a b Saint Jacobo Kyushei Gorobioye Tomonaga de Santa María Retrieved on 7 Feb 2018
  6. ^ a b Bl. Jacobo Kyushei Gorobioye Tomonaga Retrieved on 7 Feb 2018


  • Lorenzo de Manila, The Proto-Martyr of The Philippines and his Companions - Fr. Fidel Villaroel, O.P., 1988