Jacob H. Livingston

Jacob H. Livingston (August 1, 1896 – October 21, 1950) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.


He was born on August 1, 1896, in New York City. He attended Public School No. 62 (Manhattan) and Townsend Harris High School. He graduated from the City College of New York in 1916.[1] He married Rose, and they had one daughter: Helen D. (Livingston) Deixel.[2]

Livingston was a member of the New York State Assembly (Kings Co., 22nd D.) in 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934 and 1935.

He was a member of the New York State Senate (9th D.) from 1936 to 1938, sitting in the 159th, 160th and 161st New York State Legislatures. He was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1938. At a hearing on Bellevue Hospital in April 1938, Livingston said that prison psychosis was "tommyrot", and asked psychiatrists to be less scientific, but more practical, when diagnosing criminal patients.[3]

He was a Justice of the City Court from 1939 to 1945; and of the New York Supreme Court (2nd D.) from 1946 until his death in 1950. In February 1947, on request by residents of St. Albans, Queens under a restrictive covenant, he enjoined a woman from selling her house to an African-American buyer. The injunction was upheld unanimously by the Appellate Division.[4] In 1948, a bill to outlaw restrictive covenants was introduced in the Legislature.[5] In July 1948, Livingston's injunction was overturned by the New York Court of Appeals.[6]

He died on October 21, 1950, in Brooklyn.[7]


  1. ^ New York Red Book (1937; pg. 40)
  2. ^ HELEN D. LIVINGSTON BRIDE OF V. E. DEIXEL in the New York Times on February 17, 1947 (subscription required)
  3. ^ PSYCHIATRY SCORED BY STATE SENATORS in the New York Times on April 26, 1938 (subscription required)
  4. ^ BAN ON HOUSE SALE TO NEGRO IS UPHELD in the New York Times on December 23, 1947 (subscription required)
  5. ^ Legislature Gets Seven Bills Drawn to Cement Civil Rights in the New York Times on January 10, 1948 (subscription required)
  6. ^ INJUNCTION SET ASIDE, BUYER WILL MOVE IN in the New York Times on July 21, 1948 (subscription required)
  7. ^ The City of New York Official Directory (1951; pg.285)
New York Assembly
Preceded by
Howard C. Franklin
New York State Assembly
Kings County, 22nd District

Succeeded by
Clement A. Shelton
New York State Senate
Preceded by
Henry L. O'Brien
New York State Senate
9th District

Succeeded by
Peter H. Ruvolo