Jack Arnold (director)
Jack Arnold (born John Arnold Waks; October 14, 1916 – March 17, 1992) was an American actor and film and television director, best known as one of the leading filmmakers of 1950s science fiction films. His most notable films are It Came from Outer Space (1953), Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954), Tarantula (1955), and The Incredible Shrinking Man (1957).
John Arnold Waks
October 14, 1916
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
|Died||March 17, 1992 (aged 75)|
|Known for||Science fiction films, documentaries|
|Spouse(s)||Betty Arnold (c. 1945–1992, his death)|
|Children||Two, including |
producer Susan Arnold
He hoped to become a professional actor and in his late teens he enrolled in the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, where his classmates included Hume Cronyn, Betty Field and Garson Kanin. After graduating he worked as a vaudeville dancer and, in 1935, began getting roles in Broadway plays. He was acting in My Sister Eileen when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, and he immediately enlisted as a cadet for pilot training.:53
While Arnold intended to become a pilot, a shortage of planes meant he was temporarily placed in the Signal Corps, where he took a crash course in cinematography. He then became a cameraman and learned the techniques of filmmaking by assisting Robert Flaherty on various military films. After eight months with Flaherty he became a pilot in the Air Corps.:53 While stationed at Truax Airfield at New Rochelle, New York, he met Betty, who would later become his wife.
Following the end of World War II and the end of Arnold's term of service, he formed a partnership with an air squadron buddy, Lee Goodman, to form a film production company. Their new company, called Promotional Films Company, made fundraising films for various non-profit organizations. He also continued acting on stage during this period, in plays including a revival of The Front Page, and played opposite Bela Lugosi and Elaine Stritch in Three Indelicate Ladies.:54
By 1950, after his documentary films had received more exposure, he was commissioned to produce and direct With These Hands, a documentary about working conditions of the early 20th century. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
Arnold directed a number of 1950s science fiction films. The best known of these, It Came from Outer Space (1953), Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954), Tarantula (1955), and The Incredible Shrinking Man (1957) are noted for their atmospheric black-and-white cinematography and sophisticated scripts. The Incredible Shrinking Man is considered his "masterpiece," a fantasy film with few equals in intelligence and sophistication, notes author John Baxter. While all the films display a "sheer virtuosity of style and clarity of vision."
Arnold also made some non-sci-fi films, mostly westerns. His best western is often considered to be No Name on the Bullet (1959), about a town frightened to hysteria by the arrival of a gunman who never reveals who he is after or why. The film was shot in color and CinemaScope and was later restored from the original negative for airing on the "Grit" digital broadcast channel.
Arnold began his television career in 1955 with several episodes of Science Fiction Theater. He went on to direct the long-running television series Perry Mason and Peter Gunn. He also directed episodes of such television shows as Nanny and the Professor, Alias Smith and Jones, The Fall Guy, The Brady Bunch, Gilligan's Island, Wonder Woman, Ellery Queen, Mr. Terrific, Mr. Lucky, and The San Pedro Beach Bums, as well as the TV movie Marilyn: The Untold Story (1980).
Arnold died of arteriosclerosis in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California at the age of 75. Later that year, the UCLA Film Archive held a tribute "Jack Arnold: The Incredible Thinking Man" film festival which screened a number of his films. The Archive also produced and screened a bio-documentary about his life, The Incredible Thinking Man.
Awards and nominationsEdit
|Year||Result||Award||Category||Film or series|
|1951||Nominated||Academy Award||Best Documentary, Features||With These Hands Shared with Lee Goodman|
|1985||Won||Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films||President's Award|
- audio: "Legends of Film: Producer Susan Arnold", Nashville Public Library, June 15, 2009
- Weaver, Tom; Schecter, David; Kiss, Robert J. (2017-09-15). Universal Terrors, 1951-1955: Eight Classic Horror and Science Fiction Films. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3614-9.
- Fischer, Dennis. Science Fiction Film Directors, 1895-1998, McFarland & Co. (2000)
- Starlog #3 Jack Arnold Interview
- Baxter, John. Science Fiction in the Cinema, Paperback Library (1970) p. 115
- Crowther, Bosley. "'With These Hands,' Film About Garment Workers' Union, Is Shown of Gotham", New York Times, June 16, 1950
- Warren, Bill; Thomas, Bill. Keep Watching the Skies!: American Science Fiction Movies of the Fifties, McFarland (2010) ebook
- "His Creatures Walk Among Us : UCLA pays tribute to director Jack Arnold, 'The Incredible Thinking Man.'", Los Angeles Times, Oct. 30, 1997
- "Jack Arnold remembered for knack on, off screen", UCLA Daily Bruin, Oct. 30, 1997
- Osteried, Peter: Die Filme von Jack Arnold. MPW, Hille 2012. ISBN 978-3-942621-11-3 (in German)
- Reemes, Dana M.: Directed by Jack Arnold. McFarland & Company, Jefferson 1988. ISBN 0-89950-331-4
- Schnelle, Frank et alii (ed.): Hollywood Professional: Jack Arnold und seine Filme. Fischer-Wiedleroither, Stuttgart 1993. ISBN 3-924098-05-0 (in German)
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