Jableh

  (Redirected from Jabala)

Jableh (Arabic: جَبْلَةٌ; Ǧabla, also spelt Jebleh, Jabala, Jablah, Gabala or Gibellum) is a Mediterranean coastal city in Syria,[1] 25 km (16 mi) north of Baniyas and 25 km (16 mi) south of Latakia, with c. 80,000 inhabitants (2008). As Ancient Gabala it was a Byzantine (arch)bishopric and remains a Latin Catholic titular see. It contains the tomb and mosque of Ibrahim Bin Adham, a legendary Sufi mystic who renounced his throne of Balkh and devoted himself to prayers for the rest of his life.[2]

Jableh
جَبْلَةٌ
A collage of Jableh
A collage of Jableh
Nickname(s): 
جَبْلَة ٱلرّوح
Jableh is located in Syria
Jableh
Jableh
Location in Syria
Jableh is located in Near East
Jableh
Jableh
Jableh (Near East)
Jableh is located in Asia
Jableh
Jableh
Jableh (Asia)
Coordinates: 35°21′N 35°55′E / 35.350°N 35.917°E / 35.350; 35.917Coordinates: 35°21′N 35°55′E / 35.350°N 35.917°E / 35.350; 35.917
Country Syria
GovernorateLatakia
DistrictJableh
SubdistrictJableh
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 • Total80,000
Demonym(s)Arabic: جَبْلَاوِي, romanizedJablawi
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
GeocodeC3585

HistoryEdit

 
The Roman theatre

Jableh has been inhabited since at least the second millennium BCE.[3] The city was part of the Ugaritic kingdom and was mentioned as "Gbʿly" in the archives of the city c. 1200 BC.[4] In antiquity Jableh (then called Gabala) was an important Hellenistic and then Roman city. One of the main remains of this period is a theatre, capable of housing c. 7,000 spectators. Near the seashores even older remains were found dating to the Iron Age or Phoenician Era.

In the medieval period, Jableh, then called Gibellum, was conquered by Tancred and the Genoese on 23 July 1109,[5] to be part of the Principality of Antioch, one of the Crusader States, until it was captured by Saladin in 1189 during the Third Crusade. One famous resident was Hugh of Jabala, the city's bishop, who reported the fall of Edessa to Pope Eugene III, and was the first person to speak of Prester John. Less than 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) from the city centre lies the ancient site of Gibala, today known as Tell Tweini. This city was inhabited from the third millennium BCE until the Persian period.

On May 23, 2016, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed responsibility for four suicide bombings in Jableh, which had remained largely unaffected since the Syrian Civil War began in 2011. Purportedly targeting Alawite gatherings, the bombs killed over a hundred people. In Tartus, similarly insulated, another three bombers killed 48 people.[6]

EconomyEdit

The majority of people in Jableh depend on agriculture for their life, people grow orange and lemon trees, olives, a large number of green houses for vegetables can be found in the country side. In the center of the city people work in trade and there are small factories in the city for cottons and for making orange juice.

Notable localsEdit

SportsEdit

Jableh Sporting Club is a football (soccer) club based in Jableh, playing in the Al-Baath Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 10,000.

ClimateEdit

Jableh has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa).

Climate data for Jableh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.8
(55.0)
14.0
(57.2)
17.7
(63.9)
21.4
(70.5)
25.0
(77.0)
28.3
(82.9)
30.0
(86.0)
28.8
(83.8)
27.6
(81.7)
26.5
(79.7)
21.5
(70.7)
15.5
(59.9)
22.4
(72.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
10.9
(51.6)
13.8
(56.8)
16.9
(62.4)
20.3
(68.5)
23.9
(75.0)
26.1
(79.0)
25.6
(78.1)
23.7
(74.7)
21.6
(70.9)
16.9
(62.4)
12.2
(54.0)
18.5
(65.3)
Average low °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
7.8
(46.0)
9.9
(49.8)
12.4
(54.3)
15.5
(59.9)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72.0)
22.3
(72.1)
19.8
(67.6)
16.7
(62.1)
12.3
(54.1)
8.9
(48.0)
14.5
(58.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 159
(6.3)
130
(5.1)
109
(4.3)
50
(2.0)
28
(1.1)
4
(0.2)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
15
(0.6)
52
(2.0)
89
(3.5)
190
(7.5)
828
(32.6)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 14 12 11 8 4 1 1 1 2 6 9 12 81
Source 1: World Weather Online
Source 2: Climate Data

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gabala". Catholic Encyclopedia.
  2. ^ Battuta, Abu `Abdullah Muhammad (1996). Gibb, Sir Hamilton (ed.). M1 Google Books, Travels In Asia And Africa, 1325-54. p. 62. ISBN 81-206-0809-7.
  3. ^ Esber, Hawazan. "Small historical coastal cities: Urban development and freshwater resources". UNESCO. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  4. ^ William A. Ward; Martha Joukowsky (1992). The Crisis years: the 12th century B.C.: from beyond the Danube to the Tigris. p. 113. ISBN 9780840371485.
  5. ^ Helmolt 1907, p. 377
  6. ^ "IS blasts in Syria regime heartland kill more than 148". AFP. Channel NewsAsia.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit