Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve

Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve is a nature reserve located in the Keserwan District of Lebanon, on the shoulders of the western slopes of Mount Lebanon overlooking the Mediterranean Sea to the West. It covers an area of 6500 hectares, at an altitude ranging between 350 meters in the North-West and 1,700 meters to the South-East. Its main villages are: Yahchouch, Qehmez, Jouret el-Termos, Nahr ed Dahab, Ghbaleh, Ebreh, and Chouwan. Jabal Moussa and surrounding villages became part of the UNESCO Network of Biosphere Reserves under the Man and Biosphere (MAB) program in 2009. As part of the MAB program, JMBR addresses human livelihood improvement and nature conservation through combining natural sciences with social sciences, economics and education.

Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve
Jabal Moussa.jpg
Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve
Map showing the location of Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve
Map showing the location of Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve
Map of Lebanon
LocationKeserwan District, Lebanon
Coordinates34°03′43.93″N 35°46′09.84″E / 34.0622028°N 35.7694000°E / 34.0622028; 35.7694000Coordinates: 34°03′43.93″N 35°46′09.84″E / 34.0622028°N 35.7694000°E / 34.0622028; 35.7694000
Area65 km2 (25 sq mi)

The Jabal Moussa mountain presents an exceptionally rich biodiversity, with more than 724 flora species, 25 mammal species, and more than 137 migratory and soaring birds species. In 2009, Jabal Moussa was designated a Globally Important Bird Area.[1] Equally rich with cultural heritage, it portrays the interdependence of Man and Nature throughout history through various spiritual and historical sites dating back from the Phoenician, Roman, and Ottoman Periods.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "BirdLife International website".
  2. ^ "Jabal Moussa Official Website".