J.J. Newberry's was an American five and dime store chain in the 20th century. It was founded in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, United States, in 1911 by John Josiah Newberry (1877–1954). J.J. Newberry learned the variety store business by working in stores for 17 years between 1894 and 1911. There were seven stores in the chain by 1918.
Company logo on a terrazzo floor at one of its former stores in Los Angeles.
|Variety store, Five and dime|
|Successor||Dollar Zone (2001–02)|
|Founded||1911Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, United Statesin|
|Founder||John Josiah Newberry|
|Defunct||2001 or early 2002|
|Northeast, Southwest, West Coast, United States, Canada|
|Parent||McCrory Stores Corporation (1972–2002)|
|Subsidiaries||J.J. Newberry Canadian, Ltd.|
John Josiah NewberryEdit
John Josiah Newberry (September 26, 1877 – March 6, 1954) was born in Sunbury, Pennsylvania, Newberry first worked in the railroad business before joining retail store Fowler, Dick and Walker in 1894. In 1899 he joined S. H. Kress & Co. where he stayed until 1911.
He founded the J.J. Newberry chain of five and dime stores in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, USA in 1911. The first store was a success, and he opened a branch in Freeland, Pennsylvania in 1912. After 1919 he managed the company with his brothers Edgar A. Newberry and C.T. Newberry. At the time of Newberry's death (1954), the J.J. Newberry chain had 475 stores.
J.J. Newberry CompanyEdit
The company was a family business. J.J. Newberry was joined in management by his brothers C.T. Newberry and Edgar A. Newberry in 1919, at which time there were 17 stores with yearly sales of $500,000.
Over the years, the Newberry chain acquired other stores including Hested in Wyoming, Missouri, Ohio, North Dakota, Colorado, and Nebraska, and Lee Stores in South Dakota, Minnesota, Maine, and Iowa. At the time of founder J.J. Newberry's death (1954), the chain had 475 stores. By 1961, the company operated 565 stores with total yearly sales of $291 million. The chain also operated a larger department store called Britt's Department Store.
The 439 unit J.J. Newberry Co. was sold to McCrory Stores in 1972. It continued to operate under the Newberry name as a division of McCrory Stores. McCrory opened stores under the Newberry banner especially in the Northeast and California where the name had a strong presence. The company thrived throughout the 1980s but fell on hard times in the early 1990s. The demise of the company became evident following a Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing in 1992. 300 McCrory stores, many of which being Newberry's, closed in 1997, but some lingered on. In the year 2000, most remaining Newberry's and other McCrory-branded five and dime stores had been converted to the Dollar Zone brand, as McCrory's attempted to radically change its business model. The remaining Newberry stores closed along with the whole McCrory's chain in February 2002.
Early J.J. Newberry stores featured a recognizable logo composed of gold or white sans serif letters on a red background that usually occupied the entire width of the store. Later stores featured a cursive 1960s modern logo style, dropping the "J.J." altogether.
- "Discount operation to make last markdown". The Albany Herald. November 30, 2001. p. 12B. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- "Company News: 229 Stores To Be Closed By McCrory". The New York Times. December 24, 1991. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- "Local Dollar Zone stores shuttered". Dayton Business Journal. December 19, 2001. Archived from the original on May 19, 2005. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
- "J.J. Newberry Stores to Close". Los Angeles Times. January 28, 1997. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- Millman, Christian (November 30, 2001). "McCrory says it's going out of business** The five-and-dime chain joins others in giving up to bigger merchandisers". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- Photograph of a former J. J. Newberry store in North Adams, Mass.
- Photograph of a former J. J. Newberry store
- ""Beans and Franks"". Archived from the original on 2012-07-31. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
- "Biography of J.J. Newberry". Rootsweb.com. Retrieved 2006-10-09.
- Dye, Elizabeth (July 31, 2001). "J.J. Newberry: A Eulogy". Willamette Week. Portland, Oregon. Archived from the original on June 9, 2016.
- Halper, Emanuel B. (1979) Shopping Center and Store Leases v. 2, Law Journal Press. p. 175. ISBN 1-58852-003-X.