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J. Barry Mahool (September 14, 1870 – July 29, 1935) was the Mayor of Baltimore from 1907 to 1911.

J. Barry Mahool
Seal of Baltimore, Maryland.png
34th Mayor of Baltimore
In office
Preceded byE. Clay Timanus
Succeeded byJames H. Preston
Personal details
BornSeptember 14, 1870
DiedJuly 29, 1935(1935-07-29) (aged 64)
Political partyDemocratic

Mahool was born in Baltimore County on September 24, 1870. He became the Democratic nominee for Baltimore mayor in April 1907, defeating opponents John Charles Linthicum and George Stewart Brown. In May 1907, he defeated incumbent Republican mayor E. Clay Timanus.[1]

In 1910, Mahool signed city ordinance No. 610 prohibiting African-Americans from moving onto blocks where whites were the majority, and vice versa.[2] Mahool had been an advocate for social justice, championing causes such as woman's suffrage, but the ordinance came in response to an uproar after George W.F. McMechen, an African-American Yale law school graduate, moved into a rich (white) neighborhood. The ordinance was rapidly declared unconstitutional.[3]

Mahool lost a re-election bid in 1911 in the primary, losing to James H. Preston.[4][5]

Mahool died in Baltimore on July 29, 1935, nine days after suffering a fall in Ocean City, Maryland.[6]


  1. ^ (8 May 1907). Baltimore Goes Democratic, The New York Times
  2. ^ Baltimore (Md.). The Ordinances of the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore. p. 204.
  3. ^ Crenson, Matthew A. Roots: Baltimore's Long March to the Era of Civil Rights, in The City in American Political Development (Dilsworth, Richardson, ed.), pp. 212-13 (2009)
  4. ^ J. Barry Mahool (1870-1935), Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), Retrieved May 8, 2012
  5. ^ Coyle, Wilbur F. The Mayors of Baltimore, Baltimore Municipal Journal (1919)
  6. ^ (30 July 1935). Barry Mahool Dies Suddenly At Hospital, The Baltimore Sun

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