Jönköping County

Jönköping County (Swedish: Jönköpings län) is a county or län in southern Sweden. It borders the counties of Halland, Västra Götaland, Östergötland, Kalmar and Kronoberg. The total county population was 356,291 inhabitants in September 2017. The capital and largest city is Jönköping. About one quarter of the total county population lives in the combined Jönköping-Huskvarna urban area around the southern point of Lake Vättern.

Jönköping County
Jönköpings län
Rasmus kvarn Röttle.JPG
Flag of Jönköping County
Coat of arms of Jönköping County
Jönköping County in Sweden
Jönköping County in Sweden
Location map of Jönköping County in Sweden
Location map of Jönköping County in Sweden
Coordinates: 57°45′N 14°12′E / 57.75°N 14.2°E / 57.75; 14.2Coordinates: 57°45′N 14°12′E / 57.75°N 14.2°E / 57.75; 14.2
CountrySweden
CapitalJönköping
Municipalities
Government
 • GovernorAnneli Wirtén (acting)
 • CouncilLandstinget i Jönköpings län
Area
 • Total10,495.1 km2 (4,052.2 sq mi)
Population
 (September 30, 2017)[1]
 • Total356,291
 • Density34/km2 (88/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE-F
GDP/ NominalSEK 79,761 million (2004)
GDP per capitaSEK 243,000
NUTS RegionSE211
Websitewww.f.lst.se

Provinces and administrative historyEdit

Despite being commonly used to indicate the geographical, cultural and historical region, the larger historical province (landskap) of Småland, which most of Jönköping County is part of, has no administrative or political significance today. Jönköping County has existed as an administrative division since the 17th century, and constitutes the north-western part of Småland, the other parts being Kronoberg County in the south-west and Kalmar County in the east. Jönköping County was periodically united with neighbouring Kronoberg County in the single Jönköping and Kronoberg County until 1687. Until the 18th century the administration was housed in the Renaissance fortress at Jönköping Castle, which was demolished in the 19th century; the former site of the castle is still the site of the County Administrative Board building and the Governor's residence.

Habo Municipality and Mullsjö Municipality, from the south-eastern part of the historical province of Västergötland, are since the dissolution of Skaraborg County in 1998 also part of Jönköping County; both municipalities joined Jönköping County as the results of local referendums in 1997.

AdministrationEdit

 
View towards the Jönköping County Administrative Board headquarters in Jönköping.

The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfill the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. The seat of residence for the Governor or Landshövding is the city of Jönköping. See the list of Jönköping Governors.

PoliticsEdit

The main responsibilities of the County Council of Jönköping, or Landstinget i Jönköpings län, are the regional public healthcare system and public transport. The County Council Assembly (landstingsfullmäktige), which is the elected body for regional municipal issues, is elected every four years concurrently with the Riksdag elections.

The county's best-known parliamentary representative was the late Olof Palme, leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1969 to 1986, and twice Prime Minister of Sweden from 1969 to 1976 and from 1982 to 1986.

Jönköping County is the strongest electoral region of the Christian Democrats, who traditionally have a large following among members of evangelical churches in the region. The County Council Assembly and most of the municipalities in the county are governed by liberal-conservative, center-right coalitions. The Social Democrats have historically been strong in mill towns and industrial districts of Jönköping County.

Current representation in the Riksdag (2018–2022)Edit

Seat Name Party Notes
252 Peter Petersson Social Democrats
290 Carina Ödebrink Social Democrats
288 Johanna Haraldsson Social Democrats
253 Jimmie Åkesson Sweden Democrats Party leader
327 Angelica Lundberg Sweden Democrats
255 Mats Green Moderate Party
183 Helena Bouveng Moderate Party
254 Andreas Carlson Christian Democrats
291 Acko Ankarberg Johansson Christian Democrats
218 Annie Lööf Centre Party Party leader
326 Ciczie Weidby Left Party
219 Emma Carlsson Löfdahl Liberals Left the party in 2019
289 Emma Hult Green Party

Riksdag electionsEdit

The table details all Riksdag election results of Jönköping County since the unicameral era began in 1970. The blocs denote which party would support the Prime Minister or the lead opposition party towards the end of the elected parliament.

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD NyD Left Right
1970[2] 90.6 192,625 2.8 38.9 25.4 15.6 4.7 12.4 41.7 53.5
1973[3] 92.4 192,883 2.8 38.1 29.2 9.9 5.5 14.1 40.9 53.2
1976[4] 93.2 202,653 2.5 36.4 30.4 11.5 3.6 15.4 38.9 57.2
1979[5] 92.1 201,877 3.2 37.4 23.9 11.3 4.2 19.6 40.6 54.9
1982[6] 92.6 204,335 3.0 40.1 1.1 19.7 6.7 6.8 22.5 43.1 48.9
1985[7] 91.1 203,979 3.1 40.2 1.0 21.7 14.3 19.4 43.3 55.4
1988[8] 87.9 197,555 3.4 40.0 3.8 14.5 11.2 10.6 16.2 47.1 41.9
1991[9] 88.6 200,393 2.8 34.8 2.5 11.0 7.4 16.8 18.8 5.2 37.6 53.9
1994[10] 88.3 200,764 4.4 41.8 4.2 10.8 6.2 10.7 19.9 1.0 50.3 47.6
1998[11] 83.7 199,750 8.8 34.4 3.6 6.7 3.2 22.8 18.4 46.8 51.1
2002[12] 82.1 198,982 5.7 39.5 3.2 7.3 9.0 20.3 12.7 1.0 48.5 49.3
2006[13] 83.4 205,300 4.3 35.4 3.4 8.4 5.4 16.1 22.1 3.2 43.1 51.9
2010[14] 85.5 216,564 4.1 30.6 5.3 7.8 5.6 12.9 26.7 6.4 40.0 53.0
2014[15] 87.0 224,596 3.9 31.8 5.4 7.9 3.6 10.4 20.3 14.6 41.1 42.2
2018[16] 88.1 229,580 4.9 27.8 3.2 10.1 4.0 12.0 17.7 19.3 46.0 52.8

GovernorEdit

The present acting Governor (landshövding) of Jönköping County is Anneli Wirtén.

MunicipalitiesEdit

 
Municipalities of Jönköping County.

Localities in order of sizeEdit

The ten most populous localities of Jönköping County in 2010:[17]

# Locality Population
1 Jönköping 89,396
2 Värnamo 18,696
3 Nässjö 16,678
4 Tranås 14,197
5 Vetlanda 13,050
6 Gislaved 10,037
7 Eksjö 9,701
8 Bankeryd 8,107
9 Habo 6,883
10 Mullsjö 5,452

Foreign backgroundEdit

SCB have collected statistics on backgrounds of residents since 2002. These tables consist of all who have two foreign-born parents or are born abroad themselves.[18] The chart lists election years and the last year on record alone.

Location 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2019
Aneby 6.3 7.4 9.3 11.2 15.3 15.6
Eksjö 6.9 8.1 9.6 12.3 18.3 18.5
Gislaved 20.5 21.3 23.0 24.9 31.1 32.0
Gnosjö 24.0 24.1 26.4 30.0 33.4 33.7
Habo 6.4 6.5 7.3 7.9 9.9 10.2
Jönköping 14.3 16.0 18.3 20.3 23.8 24.7
Mullsjö 8.9 8.7 9.8 10.5 13.0 13.2
Nässjö 8.8 10.6 13.5 18.1 23.9 24.5
Sävsjö 8.7 10.7 13.1 18.3 23.4 23.7
Tranås 8.8 9.6 11.6 13.9 19.1 19.8
Vaggeryd 13.8 15.8 17.2 18.5 21.5 22.4
Vetlanda 8.2 10.0 12.3 15.0 19.0 19.5
Värnamo 16.9 19.1 20.8 23.1 26.4 26.9
Total 13.1 14.5 16.6 19.0 23.1 23.8
Source: SCB [18]

HeraldryEdit

Jönköping County was formally granted its arms in 1942. By custom it used a combination of the lesser state arms of Sweden and the arms for the town of Jönköping. Blazon for the town of Jönköping: "Gules, a Castle with three towers Argent massoned windowed and gated Sable issuant from a Base wavy Azure".

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2017 och befolkningsförändringar 1 juli–30 september 2017. Totalt". Statistics Sweden. 2017-11-08. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1970" (PDF). SCB. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1973" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1976" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1979" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1982)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1985" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1988)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1991" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1994" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Allmänna val 17 september 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Röster - Val 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Röster - Val 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  16. ^ "Röster - Val 2018" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Tätorter 2010 (Localities 2010)". Statistics Sweden (in Swedish). 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  18. ^ a b "PxWeb - välj variabler och värden" (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 11 August 2020.

External linksEdit