József Révai

József Révai (born József Lederer; 12 October 1898 in Budapest – 4 August 1959 in Budapest), Hungarian communist politician.

József Révai
Révai József 1950.jpg
Révai in 1950
Minister of Culture of Hungary
In office
11 June 1949 – 4 July 1953
Prime MinisterIstván Dobi
Mátyás Rákosi
Preceded byGyula Ortutay
Succeeded byJózsef Darvas
Member of the High National Council
In office
11 May 1945 – 27 September 1945
Preceded byErnő Gerő
Succeeded byMátyás Rákosi
Personal details
Born
József Lederer

(1898-10-12)12 October 1898
Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Died4 August 1959(1959-08-04) (aged 60)
Budapest, Hungary
Political partyHungarian Communist Party (to 1948)
Hungarian Working People's Party (to 1956),
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
Professionpolitician

Life and careerEdit

Révai was born to a Jewish family.[1] He was one of the founders of the Communist Party of Hungary (Kommunisták Magyarországi Pártja; KMP) in 1918. Révai lived in the Soviet Union between 1934 and 1944. From 11 May to 27 September 1945 he was a member of the High National Council, and between 1945 and 1950 he was chief editor of Szabad Nép ("Free People").

Révai controlled all aspects of Hungary's cultural life from 1948 until 1953; from 1949 he was also the Minister of Culture. After 1953 his influence decreased.

Between 1945–1956 he was a member of the Central Committee of his party, which was renamed in 1948 to Hungarian Working People's Party (Magyar Dolgozók Pártja; MDP) after merging with the Hungarian Social Democratic Party (Magyarországi Szociáldemokrata Párt, MSZDP). He was the member of the Political Committee (1945–1953; 1956). After the Workers' Party was dissolved and the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party took over its role as the ruling Communist party, Révai became a member of the new party's Central Committee in 1957. He was vice-president to the Presidential Committee between 1953–1958.

WorksEdit

  • Ady (Budapest, 1945)
  • Marxizmus és magyarság ("Marxism and the Hungarians"; Budapest, 1946)
  • Marxizmus és népiesség ("Marxism and Popularism"; Budapest, 1946)
  • Élni tudunk a szabadsággal ("We Can Live with Freedom"; Budapest, 1949)
  • Kulturális forradalmunk kérdései ("Questions about our Cultural Revolution"; Budapest, 1952)
  • Válogatott irodalmi tanulmányok ("Selected Essays in Literature", Budapest, 1960)
  • Válogatott történelmi írások I–II. ("Selected Essays in History I–II."; Budapest, 1966).

SourcesEdit

  • Magyar Életrajzi Lexikon 1000–1990
  • Egyetemes Lexikon, Officina Nova Kiadó (1994).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Anne Applebaum, Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1945–56, 2012, ISBN 0385515693, p. 144
Political offices
Preceded by
post created
Minister of Culture
1949–1953
Succeeded by
József Darvas